Glossary and Vocabulary for Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》, 《蒙恬列傳》 Biography of Meng Tian

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 20 mēng to deceive / to cheat / to hoodwink / to knock unconscious 恬大父蒙驁
2 19 chén minister / statesman / official 臣聞先帝欲舉賢立太子久矣
3 16 yuē to speak / to say 乃言曰
4 15 蒙恬 Mēng Tián Meng Tian 蒙恬列傳
5 14 resolute / decisive / firm / persistent 蒙恬弟毅
6 13 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 殺項燕
7 13 to die 當高罪死
8 12 qín Shaanxi 自齊事秦昭王
9 11 胡亥 Hú Hài Hu Hai 高既私事公子胡亥
10 11 zuì crime / sin / vice 高有大罪
11 10 wáng Wang 與王翦攻楚
12 9 desire 始皇欲游天下
13 9 tián quiet / calm / tranquil / peaceful 恬大父蒙驁
14 9 to stand 欲立之
15 8 nián year 二年
16 8 huáng royal / imperial 始皇三年
17 8 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 立胡亥為太子
18 8 dào way / road / path 道九原
19 8 shǐ beginning / start 始皇三年
20 7 qīng minister / high officer 官至上卿
21 7 yán to speak / to say / said 乃言曰
22 7 ào a wild horse / a mustang 恬大父蒙驁
23 6 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 此三君者
24 6 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 而毅諫曰
25 6 yòng to use / to apply 用制險塞
26 6 周公旦 Zhōu Gōng Dàn Duke of Zhou 未離襁緥周公旦負王以朝
27 6 big / great / huge / large / major 恬大父蒙驁
28 6 gōng to attack / to assault 蒙驁攻趙
29 6 wén to hear 秦王聞高彊力
30 6 趙高 Zhào Gāo Zhao Gao 趙高者
31 6 使 shǐ to make / to cause 乃使蒙恬將三十萬眾北逐戎狄
32 5 天下 tiānxià China 秦已并天下
33 5 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 始皇甚尊寵蒙氏
34 5 gāo high / tall 秦王聞高彊力
35 5 to die 蒙驁卒
36 5 先主 xiānzhǔ former sovereign 先主欲立太子而卿難之
37 5 zhī to know 群臣莫知
38 5 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 舉以為中車府令
39 5 a man / a male adult 夫先主之舉用太子
40 4 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今蒙氏
41 4 gǎn bold / brave 故雖諸將相莫敢與之爭焉
42 4 method / way 通於獄法
43 4 wèi Eighth earthly branch 道未就
44 4 chéng a city / a town 取三十七城
45 4 martial / military 驁子曰武
46 4 inside / interior 延袤萬餘里
47 4 zhèn to flap 是時蒙恬威振匈奴
48 4 an official institution / a state bureau 舉以為中車府令
49 4 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 使者以蒙恬屬吏
50 4 公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific) 高既私事公子胡亥
51 4 shì matter / thing / item 自齊事秦昭王
52 4 idea 是內使群臣不相信而外使鬬士之意離也
53 4 sān three 作置三川郡
54 4 chǔ state of Chu 與王翦攻楚
55 4 to take / to get / to fetch 取成皋
56 3 younger brother 蒙恬弟毅
57 3 cān to take part in / to participate 出則參乘
58 3 to lift / to hold up / to raise 舉以為中車府令
59 3 zhōng loyalty / devotion 趙高因為胡亥忠計
60 3 shū book 恬嘗書獄典文學
61 3 móu to plan / to scheme 恬任外事而毅常為內謀
62 3 even / equal / uniform 其先齊人也
63 3 xìng fortunate / lucky 高雅得幸於胡亥
64 3 shàng top / a high position 居上郡
65 3 to think over / to consider 臣聞輕慮者不可以治國
66 3 dàn dawn 公旦自揃其爪以沈於河
67 3 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 蒙武為秦裨將軍
68 3 nèi inside / interior 恬任外事而毅常為內謀
69 3 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 舉以為中車府令
70 3 zhì to place / to lay out 作置三川郡
71 3 xián virtuous / worthy 信任賢之
72 3 shēn human body / torso 皆各以變古者失其國而殃及其身
73 3 shí time / a period of time 是時蒙恬威振匈奴
74 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可
75 3 shī to lose 皆各以變古者失其國而殃及其身
76 3 prison 恬嘗書獄典文學
77 3 Soviet Union 遣使者以罪賜公子扶蘇
78 3 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 作置三川郡
79 3 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 是時丞相李斯
80 3 luàn chaotic / disorderly 周公旦欲為亂久矣
81 3 李斯 Lǐ Sī Li Si 是時丞相李斯
82 3 qiàn moat around a city 塹山堙谷
83 3 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 毅不敢阿法
84 3 to support /to help 遣使者以罪賜公子扶蘇
85 3 成王 Chéng Wáng King Cheng of Zhou 及成王有病甚殆
86 3 tīng to listen 胡亥聽而系蒙毅於代
87 3 zhào Zhao 蒙驁攻趙
88 3 to reach 法及內史
89 3 běi north 乃使蒙恬將三十萬眾北逐戎狄
90 3 xíng to walk / to move 行出游會稽
91 2 zhōng middle 舉以為中車府令
92 2 qīng light / not heavy 臣聞輕慮者不可以治國
93 2 to go 而主欲一旦棄去之
94 2 親近 qīnjìn to get close to 而親近蒙毅
95 2 cún to exist / to survive 獨智者不可以存君
96 2 子曰 zǐyuē Confucius says 驁子曰武
97 2 record / register / list / census 除其宦籍
98 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 臣故曰過可振而諫可覺也
99 2 wài outside 暴師於外十餘年
100 2 xìn to believe / to trust 積功信於秦三世矣
101 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 胡亥聽而系蒙毅於代
102 2 至上 zhìshàng supreme / paramount / above all else 官至上卿
103 2 to store 數年之積也
104 2 yīn bury / mound 塹山堙谷
105 2 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 群臣莫知
106 2 yáng sun 前已囚蒙恬於陽周
107 2 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願大夫為慮焉
108 2 襄王 Xiāng Wáng King Xiang of Zhou 秦莊襄王元年
109 2 chéng to mount / to climb onto 出則參乘
110 2 qiú a prisoner / a convict 前已囚蒙恬於陽周
111 2 tōng to go through / to open 通於獄法
112 2 qiáng strong / powerful 秦王聞高彊力
113 2 長城 chángchéng Great Wall 筑長城
114 2 to arise / to get up 起臨洮
115 2 xíng punishment / penalty 其母被刑僇
116 2 supreme ruler / emperor 帝以高之敦於事也
117 2 法治 fǎzhì rule by law 秦王令蒙毅法治之
118 2 to break / to ruin / to destroy 大破之
119 2 chén to sink / to submerge 公旦自揃其爪以沈於河
120 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 不若誅之
121 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 恬罪固當死矣
122 2 Wu 必參而伍之
123 2 yuán source / origin 道九原
124 2 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 皆各以變古者失其國而殃及其身
125 2 gōng a palace 皆生隱宮
126 2 valley / gorge / ravine 塹山堙谷
127 2 alone / independent / single / sole 獨智者不可以存君
128 2 zhǔ owner 則是不忠而惑主也
129 2 shùn to obey 順幸沒世
130 2 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 遣使者以罪賜公子扶蘇
131 2 忠臣 zhōngchén faithful official 齊王建殺其故世忠臣而用后勝之議
132 2 治國 zhìguó to rule a country 臣聞輕慮者不可以治國
133 2 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 是內使群臣不相信而外使鬬士之意離也
134 2 yuàn to blame / to complain 又怨蒙毅法治之而不為己也
135 2 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 塹山堙谷
136 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 成王觀於記府
137 2 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 諸趙疏遠屬也
138 2 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 以是籍於諸侯
139 2 rén person / people / a human being 其先齊人也
140 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 旦受其不祥
141 2 power / force / strength 秦王聞高彊力
142 2 wàn ten thousand 乃使蒙恬將三十萬眾北逐戎狄
143 2 to give / to bestow favors 遣使者以罪賜公子扶蘇
144 2 chē a vehicle 舉以為中車府令
145 2 qián front 入則御前
146 2 大夫 dàifu doctor 願大夫為慮焉
147 2 三十 sān shí thirty 乃使蒙恬將三十萬眾北逐戎狄
148 2 xīn heart 世無二心
149 2 hán Korea / South Korea 伐韓
150 2 萬餘 wàn yú more than ten thousand 延袤萬餘里
151 2 zōng school / sect 罪及其宗
152 2 huàn government official 除其宦籍
153 2 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 北走瑯邪
154 2 yān Yan 殺項燕
155 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 未反
156 2 to remember / to memorize / to bear in mind 乃書而藏之記府
157 2 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 欲以滅蒙氏
158 2 先人 xiānrén ancestors / deceased parents 自吾先人
159 2 甘泉 gānquán Ganquan 直抵甘泉
160 2 to doubt / to disbelieve 蒙恬疑而復請之
161 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 臣聞故趙王遷殺其良臣李牧而用顏聚
162 2 jiǔ nine 道九原
163 2 past / former times 昔者秦穆公殺三良而死
164 2 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 臣聞輕慮者不可以治國
165 2 二世 èrshì the Second (of numbered Kings) / second generation 太子立為二世皇帝
166 2 zhòng many / numerous 乃使蒙恬將三十萬眾北逐戎狄
167 2 guì expensive / costly / valuable 趙高恐蒙氏復貴而用事
168 2 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 以臣不能得先主之意
169 2 直道 Zhí Dào Straight Road / Jiuyuan to Yunyang Road 自直道歸
170 2 臨洮 Líntáo Lintao County 起臨洮
171 2 內史 nèishǐ Censor / Administrator 拜為內史
172 2 to connect / to relate 胡亥聽而系蒙毅於代
173 2 gōng merit 積功信於秦三世矣
174 2 can / may / permissible 臣故曰過可振而諫可覺也
175 2 遼東 Liáodōng Liaodong Peninsula 至遼東
176 2 百姓 bǎixìng common people 固輕百姓力矣
177 2 三十七 sānshíqī 37 取三十七城
178 2 zhù to build / to construct 筑長城
179 2 qiè to steal / to usurp / to encroach on / to endanger 臣竊以為不可
180 2 zuò to do 作置三川郡
181 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 前已囚蒙恬於陽周
182 1 荊軻 jīngKē Jing Ke 燕王喜陰用荊軻之謀而倍秦之約
183 1 而立 érlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 誅殺忠臣而立無節行之人
184 1 wēi power / might / prestige 是時蒙恬威振匈奴
185 1 wèi to call 孰謂周公旦欲為亂乎
186 1 地脈 dìmài geographical position 何乃罪地脈哉
187 1 gāo the high land along a river 取成皋
188 1 bào newspaper 使者還報
189 1 八百 bā bǎi eight hundred 千八百里
190 1 卑賤 bēijiàn lowly / mean and low 世世卑賤
191 1 shì a generation 世無二心
192 1 周書 Zhōu Shū History of Zhou of the Northern Dynasties 周書
193 1 to assemble / to meet together 臣聞故趙王遷殺其良臣李牧而用顏聚
194 1 山川 shān chuān mountains and rivers 使蒙毅還禱山川
195 1 太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe 太史公曰
196 1 féng to encounter / to meet by chance 桀殺關龍逢
197 1 無罪 wúzuì innocent / not guilty 用道治者不殺無罪
198 1 qǐng to ask / to inquire 蒙恬疑而復請之
199 1 guī to go back / to return 自直道歸
200 1 舍人 shèrén a palace attendant 胡亥以李斯舍人為護軍
201 1 fán ordinary / common 凡臣之言
202 1 不忍 bù rěn cannot bear to / disturbed 朕不忍
203 1 chà to differ 吳王夫差殺伍子胥
204 1 niè evil 是必孽臣逆亂
205 1 海上 hǎishàng maritime 并海上
206 1 養老 yǎnglǎo to provide for the elderly 養老存孤
207 1 xiān first 臣聞先帝欲舉賢立太子久矣
208 1 to avoid / to shun 非敢飾辭以避死也
209 1 yuē approximately 燕王喜陰用荊軻之謀而倍秦之約
210 1 shí real / true 使臣得死情實
211 1 疏遠 shūyuǎn to drift apart / to become estranged / to alienate 諸趙疏遠屬也
212 1 residence / dwelling 居上郡
213 1 大事 dàshì a major event 必有大事
214 1 shì to match 吾適北邊
215 1 bēng to rupture / to split apart / to collapse 始皇至沙丘崩
216 1 不備 bùbèi unprepared / off guard 王若不備
217 1 solitary 養老存孤
218 1 shù numerous / various 務修眾庶之和
219 1 餘年 yúnián one's remaining years 暴師於外十餘年
220 1 to be fond of / to like 燕王喜陰用荊軻之謀而倍秦之約
221 1 萬民 wànmín all the people 願陛下為萬民思從道也
222 1 tíng pavilion 行觀蒙恬所為秦筑長城亭障
223 1 yāng misfortune / disaster / calamity 有罪殃
224 1 不明 bù míng not clear / unknown 以其君為不明
225 1 行法 xíngfǎ cultivation method 臣受詔行法於將軍
226 1 文學 wénxué literature 恬嘗書獄典文學
227 1 jié festival / a special day 誅殺忠臣而立無節行之人
228 1 高雅 gāoyǎ dainty / elegant 高雅得幸於胡亥
229 1 tūn to swallow 乃吞藥自殺
230 1 wáng to die 身死則國亡
231 1 to benefit / to aid 蒙武為秦裨將軍
232 1 平王 Píng Wáng King Ping of Zhou 楚平王殺伍奢
233 1 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公旦自揃其爪以沈於河
234 1 二十四 èrshísì 24 / twenty-four 二十四年
235 1 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang 齊王建殺其故世忠臣而用后勝之議
236 1 咸陽 xiányáng Xianyang 喪至咸陽
237 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 然自知必死而守義者
238 1 dài dangerous / perilous 及成王有病甚殆
239 1 hurried / worried 振百姓之急
240 1 cháng to taste 恬嘗書獄典文學
241 1 名將 míngjiāng famous general 而恬為名將
242 1 皇帝 huángdì Emperor 太子立為二世皇帝
243 1 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 取成皋
244 1 a bruise / a sore / a wound 痍傷者未瘳
245 1 five 五年
246 1 信任 xìnrèn to trust / to have confidence in 信任賢之
247 1 qiú to request 求其罪過
248 1 a shepherd 臣聞故趙王遷殺其良臣李牧而用顏聚
249 1 意興 yìxīng interest / enthusiasm 而阿意興功
250 1 èr two 二年
251 1 xíng appearance 因地形
252 1 meaning / sense 然自知必死而守義者
253 1 sàng to lose / to die 喪至咸陽
254 1 to criticize 齊王建殺其故世忠臣而用后勝之議
255 1 不祥 bùxiáng unwholesome 旦受其不祥
256 1 故世 gùshì to die / to pass away 齊王建殺其故世忠臣而用后勝之議
257 1 shí ten 暴師於外十餘年
258 1 二十 èrshí twenty 取二十城
259 1 pàn boundary path dividing fields 其勢足以倍畔
260 1 to protect / to guard 胡亥以李斯舍人為護軍
261 1 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 用道治者不殺無罪
262 1 biàn to change / to alter 皆各以變古者失其國而殃及其身
263 1 to humiliate / to treat with contempt 其母被刑僇
264 1 殃及 yāngjí to bring disaster to 皆各以變古者失其國而殃及其身
265 1 過多 guòduō too many / excessive 君之過多矣
266 1 tribes from northern china 乃使蒙恬將三十萬眾北逐戎狄
267 1 直抵 zhídǐ to directly arrive at 直抵甘泉
268 1 kūn elder brother 趙高昆弟數人
269 1 shī teacher 暴師於外十餘年
270 1 北邊 běibiān north 吾適北邊
271 1 自殺 zìshā to commit suicide 乃吞藥自殺
272 1 會稽 Kuàijī Kuaiji Mountain 行出游會稽
273 1 流涕 liú tì to shed tears 乃流涕曰
274 1 xiǎn dangerous 用制險塞
275 1 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 不敢辱先人之教
276 1 yán color 臣聞故趙王遷殺其良臣李牧而用顏聚
277 1 數年 shǔnián several years 數年之積也
278 1 絕地 juédì danger spot 此其中不能無絕地脈哉
279 1 to punish / to penalize 而罰不加於無辜
280 1 子嬰 Zǐ Yīng Zi Ying 子嬰進諫曰
281 1 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 此其兄弟遇誅
282 1 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 而事卒如此
283 1 列傳 lièzhuàn a historical biography 蒙恬列傳
284 1 a river / a stream 公旦自揃其爪以沈於河
285 1 néng can / able 以臣不知太子之能
286 1 伍子胥 wǔ zǐxū Wu Zixu 吳王夫差殺伍子胥
287 1 jiù to punish / to chastise / to blame 非以求免於咎也
288 1 官爵 guānjué official ranking / titles and honors 復其官爵
289 1 通道 tōngdào channel / thoroughfare / passage 乃使蒙恬通道
290 1 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 而主欲一旦棄去之
291 1 dòu to fight / to struggle / to condemn 是內使群臣不相信而外使鬬士之意離也
292 1 家世 jiāshì family background 蒙恬因家世得為秦將
293 1 zhú to chase / to expel 乃使蒙恬將三十萬眾北逐戎狄
294 1 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 暴師於外十餘年
295 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 務修眾庶之和
296 1 子孫 zǐsūn descendents 及至子孫
297 1 沙丘 shāqiū a sand dune / a sandy hill 始皇至沙丘崩
298 1 傷者 shāngzhě casualty / victim (of an accident) / wounded person 痍傷者未瘳
299 1 wèi Wei Dynasty 蒙驁攻魏
300 1 jiàn to build / to construct 齊王建殺其故世忠臣而用后勝之議
301 1 諸公 zhūgōng gentlemen (form of address) 去諸公子絕遠
302 1 bǎi one hundred 罪百里奚而非其罪也
303 1 昭王 Zhāo Wáng King Zhao of Zhou 自齊事秦昭王
304 1 dōng winter 始皇三十七年冬
305 1 yīn cloudy / overcast 燕王喜陰用荊軻之謀而倍秦之約
306 1 Jié Emperor Jie 桀殺關龍逢
307 1 未定 wèidìng undecided / indeterminate / still in doubt 天下之心未定
308 1 周旋 zhōuxuán to mix with others / to socialize / to deal with / to contend 周旋天下
309 1 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 不敢辱先人之教
310 1 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 以不忘先主也
311 1 伍奢 Wǔshē Wu She 楚平王殺伍奢
312 1 無辜 wúgū innocent / not guilty 而罰不加於無辜
313 1 hòu after / later 齊王建殺其故世忠臣而用后勝之議
314 1 nán difficult / arduous / hard 先主欲立太子而卿難之
315 1 four 此四君者
316 1 二十三 èrshísān 23 / twenty-three 始皇二十三年
317 1 御史 yùshǐ a censor 而遣御史曲宮乘傳之代
318 1 私事 sīshì personal matters 高既私事公子胡亥
319 1 to examine into / to impeach / to charge 舉劾之
320 1 Xu 徐曰
321 1 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 北走瑯邪
322 1 yǐn to hide / to conceal 皆生隱宮
323 1 to defend / to resist 入則御前
324 1 謀士 móushì skilled manipulator / tactician / strategist / advisor / counsellor 秦之大臣謀士也
325 1 秦穆公 qín mùgōng Duke Mu of Qin 昔者秦穆公殺三良而死
326 1 忠信 zhōngxìn faith and honesty / loyalty and sincerity 名為忠信
327 1 chōu to convalesce / to recover / to heal 痍傷者未瘳
328 1 王子 wángzǐ a prince 紂殺王子比干而不悔
329 1 wēi winding / curving 逶蛇而北
330 1 shǎo few 則臣少宦
331 1 周成王 Zhōuchéng wáng King Cheng of Zhou 昔周成王初立
332 1 shè to forgive / to pardon 赦之
333 1 二十六 èrshíliù 26 / twenty-six 始皇二十六年
334 1 世世 shìshì from age to age 世世卑賤
335 1 ancient / old / palaeo- 皆各以變古者失其國而殃及其身
336 1 陰謀 yīnmóu plot / conspiracy 公子胡亥陰謀
337 1 定天下 dìng tiānxià to give a universal command 卒定天下
338 1 名為 míngwèi to be called 名為忠信
339 1 以求 yǐqiú in order to 非以求免於咎也
340 1 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 用制險塞
341 1 yóu to swim 始皇欲游天下
342 1 chǒng to favor 始皇甚尊寵蒙氏
343 1 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 喻之決獄
344 1 zhòu Emperor Zhou 紂殺王子比干而不悔
345 1 interest 蒙恬喟然太息曰
346 1 to cut down 伐韓
347 1 shì to release / to set free 即欲釋蒙恬
348 1 陽山 yángshān Yangshan 據陽山
349 1 王能 wáng néng Wang Neng 及王能治國
350 1 shé snake 逶蛇而北
351 1 proper / suitable / appropriate 不亦宜乎
352 1 誅殺 zhūshā to kill / to murder 誅殺忠臣而立無節行之人
353 1 秦三世 Qín Sān Shì Emperor Qin San Shi 積功信於秦三世矣
354 1 zhāo illustrious 昭襄王殺武安君白起
355 1 執事 zhíshì to serve as / to hold a post 是旦執事
356 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 是必孽臣逆亂
357 1 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 用制險塞
358 1 日夜 rìyè day and night / around the clock 日夜毀惡蒙氏
359 1 to resist / to oppose / to push away 自九原抵甘泉
360 1 mother 其母被刑僇
361 1 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 卿其圖之
362 1 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 趙高恐蒙氏復貴而用事
363 1 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 秦之大臣謀士也
364 1 dūn honest / candid / sincere 帝以高之敦於事也
365 1 huǐ to destroy 日夜毀惡蒙氏
366 1 zūn to honor / to respect 始皇甚尊寵蒙氏
367 1 比干 bìgān Bi Gan (Chinese god of wealth) 紂殺王子比干而不悔
368 1 to calculate / to compute / to count 趙高因為胡亥忠計
369 1 因地 yīndì the circumstances of place 因地形
370 1 留心 liúxīn to keep a lookout / to be careful 唯大夫留心
371 1 舉用 jǔyòng to select the best (for a job) 夫先主之舉用太子
372 1 cáng to hide 乃書而藏之記府
373 1 zhuāng a village 秦莊襄王元年
374 1 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 此其兄弟遇誅
375 1 jiǎn to cut down 與王翦攻楚
376 1 數人 shǔrén Sarvāstivāda 趙高昆弟數人
377 1 良久 liáng jiǔ a long time 良久
378 1 huò to confuse / to mislead / to baffle 則是不忠而惑主也
379 1 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 延袤萬餘里
380 1 罪過 zuìguò sin / offense 求其罪過
381 1 lóng dragon 桀殺關龍逢
382 1 zhǎo claw 公旦自揃其爪以沈於河
383 1 miào Miao
384 1 qiān one thousand 千八百里
385 1 jué to awake 臣故曰過可振而諫可覺也
386 1 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 而遣御史曲宮乘傳之代
387 1 shōu to receive / to accept 收河南
388 1 無二 wú èr advaya / nonduality / not two 世無二心
389 1 child / son 去諸公子絕遠
390 1 dōng east 作置東郡
391 1 有罪 yǒuzuì guilty 有罪殃
392 1 jiǎn shear 公旦自揃其爪以沈於河
393 1 外事 wàishì foreign affairs 恬任外事而毅常為內謀
394 1 dǎo to pray / to entreat / to beg / to plead 使蒙毅還禱山川
395 1 jìn to enter 子嬰進諫曰
396 1 to capture / to imprison / to seize 虜楚王
397 1 chāng Chang 夫成王失而復振則卒昌
398 1 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 使臣得死情實
399 1 白起 báiqǐ Bai Qi 昭襄王殺武安君白起
400 1 bǎo swaddling 未離襁緥周公旦負王以朝
401 1 to bear / to carry 未離襁緥周公旦負王以朝
402 1 bīng soldier / troops 今臣將兵三十餘萬
403 1 a song 而遣御史曲宮乘傳之代
404 1 xiū to be ashamed 為羞累先主之名
405 1 出游 chūyóu to go on a tour / to have an outing 行出游會稽
406 1 shì power / authority 其勢足以倍畔
407 1 bēn to run fast / to flee 周公旦走而奔於楚
408 1 cháo to face 未離襁緥周公旦負王以朝
409 1 不知 bùzhī do not know 以臣不知太子之能
410 1 è evil / vice 日夜毀惡蒙氏
411 1 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 齊王建殺其故世忠臣而用后勝之議
412 1 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 察於參伍
413 1 免於 miǎnyú to be saved from / to be spared 非以求免於咎也
414 1 不亦 bùyì is that not also? 不亦宜乎
415 1 Wu 吳王夫差殺伍子胥
416 1 賊心 zéixīn evil intentions 因有賊心
417 1 zàng to bury the dead 已葬
418 1 huǐ to regret 紂殺王子比干而不悔
419 1 zhào an imperial decree 臣受詔行法於將軍
420 1 智者 zhìzhě a sage / a wise man 獨智者不可以存君
421 1 chuán to transmit 而遣御史曲宮乘傳之代
422 1 yuǎn far / distant 去諸公子絕遠
423 1 róng arms / armaments / a military affair 乃使蒙恬將三十萬眾北逐戎狄
424 1 qiǎng a string of copper coins 未離襁緥周公旦負王以朝
425 1 zhàng to separate 行觀蒙恬所為秦筑長城亭障
426 1 匈奴 Xiōngnú Huns / Xiongnu 是時蒙恬威振匈奴
427 1 相信 xiāngxìn to believe 是內使群臣不相信而外使鬬士之意離也
428 1 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 非敢飾辭以避死也
429 1 號曰 hào yuē to be named / called 故立號曰
430 1 Li 臣聞故趙王遷殺其良臣李牧而用顏聚
431 1 陛下 bì xià your majesty 願陛下為萬民思從道也
432 1 十三 shísān thirteen 取十三城
433 1 shēng to be born / to give birth 皆生隱宮
434 1 將相 jiāng xiāng generals and ministers 故雖諸將相莫敢與之爭焉
435 1 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂殺之
436 1 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 其勢足以倍畔
437 1 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 恬嘗書獄典文學
438 1 所為 suǒwèi what one does / doings 行觀蒙恬所為秦筑長城亭障
439 1 yào a pharmaceutical / medication / medicine / a drug / a remedy 乃吞藥自殺
440 1 zéi thief 有賊臣言
441 1 武安 wǔān Wu'an 昭襄王殺武安君白起
442 1 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang 滎陽
443 1 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 非敢飾辭以避死也
444 1 不為 bùwéi to not do 又怨蒙毅法治之而不為己也
445 1 tiān day 我何罪於天
446 1 渡河 dùhé to cross a river 於是渡河
447 1 大怒 dànù angry / indignant 王乃大怒
448 1 an analogy / a simile / a metaphor / an allegory 喻之決獄
449 1 father 恬大父蒙驁
450 1 láng a kind of white cornelian 北走瑯邪
451 1 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜為內史
452 1 guān to close 桀殺關龍逢
453 1 Yu 若知賢而俞弗立
454 1 河南 hénán Henan 收河南
455 1 mào length / distance from north to south 延袤萬餘里
456 1 wèi position / location / place 位至上卿
457 1 楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu 虜楚王
458 1 愚意 yúyì my humble opinion 以臣愚意
459 1 secret 祕之
460 1 沒世 mòshì to die 順幸沒世
461 1 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 上聖之法也
462 1 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 故雖諸將相莫敢與之爭焉
463 1 seven 始皇七年
464 1 rèn to bear / to undertake 恬任外事而毅常為內謀
465 1 to think / consider / to ponder 願陛下為萬民思從道也
466 1 lèi to be tired 為羞累先主之名
467 1 xiū to decorate / to embellish 務修眾庶之和
468 1 chuān Sichuan 作置三川郡
469 1 kuì to sigh 蒙恬喟然太息曰
470 1 jūn army / military 胡亥以李斯舍人為護軍
471 1 qiān to move / to shift 臣聞故趙王遷殺其良臣李牧而用顏聚
472 1 shì a gentleman / a knight 是內使群臣不相信而外使鬬士之意離也
473 1 extra / surplus / remainder 今臣將兵三十餘萬
474 1 guān an office 官至上卿
475 1 屬吏 shǔlì subordinate / underling 使者以蒙恬屬吏
476 1 其中 qízhōng among 此其中不能無絕地脈哉
477 1 有病 yǒubìng to be sick 及成王有病甚殆
478 1 mài pulse 此其中不能無絕地脈哉
479 1 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 秦莊襄王元年
480 1 shí knowledge / understanding 王未有識
481 1 成全 chéngquán to help somebody accomplish his aim / to help somebody succeed 且夫順成全者
482 1 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 道病
483 1 to enter 入則御前
484 1 líng mound / hill / mountain 內陵之道也

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 54 zhī him / her / them / that 大破之
2 37 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 逶蛇而北
3 20 also / too 其先齊人也
4 20 mēng to deceive / to cheat / to hoodwink / to knock unconscious 恬大父蒙驁
5 19 chén minister / statesman / official 臣聞先帝欲舉賢立太子久矣
6 17 so as to / in order to 帝以高之敦於事也
7 17 wèi for / to 蒙驁為秦將
8 16 yuē to speak / to say 乃言曰
9 16 in / at 暴師於外十餘年
10 15 his / hers / its / theirs 其母被刑僇
11 15 蒙恬 Mēng Tián Meng Tian 蒙恬列傳
12 14 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 蒙恬者
13 14 resolute / decisive / firm / persistent 蒙恬弟毅
14 13 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 殺項燕
15 13 to die 當高罪死
16 12 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃使蒙恬將三十萬眾北逐戎狄
17 12 qín Shaanxi 自齊事秦昭王
18 11 胡亥 Hú Hài Hu Hai 高既私事公子胡亥
19 11 zuì crime / sin / vice 高有大罪
20 10 wáng Wang 與王翦攻楚
21 9 not / no 則是不忠而惑主也
22 9 desire 始皇欲游天下
23 9 tián quiet / calm / tranquil / peaceful 恬大父蒙驁
24 9 to stand 欲立之
25 8 nián year 二年
26 8 final particle 亦甚幸矣
27 8 huáng royal / imperial 始皇三年
28 8 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 立胡亥為太子
29 8 dào way / road / path 道九原
30 8 shǐ beginning / start 始皇三年
31 7 qīng minister / high officer 官至上卿
32 7 yán to speak / to say / said 乃言曰
33 7 ào a wild horse / a mustang 恬大父蒙驁
34 6 naturally / of course / certainly 自齊事秦昭王
35 6 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 此三君者
36 6 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故雖諸將相莫敢與之爭焉
37 6 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 而毅諫曰
38 6 already / afterwards 秦已并天下
39 6 yòng to use / to apply 用制險塞
40 6 otherwise / but / however 出則參乘
41 6 周公旦 Zhōu Gōng Dàn Duke of Zhou 未離襁緥周公旦負王以朝
42 6 big / great / huge / large / major 恬大父蒙驁
43 6 gōng to attack / to assault 蒙驁攻趙
44 6 wén to hear 秦王聞高彊力
45 6 趙高 Zhào Gāo Zhao Gao 趙高者
46 6 使 shǐ to make / to cause 乃使蒙恬將三十萬眾北逐戎狄
47 5 天下 tiānxià China 秦已并天下
48 5 this / these 此三君者
49 5 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 始皇甚尊寵蒙氏
50 5 gāo high / tall 秦王聞高彊力
51 5 to die 蒙驁卒
52 5 先主 xiānzhǔ former sovereign 先主欲立太子而卿難之
53 5 de potential marker 蒙恬因家世得為秦將
54 5 shì is / are / am / to be 是時蒙恬威振匈奴
55 5 yǒu is / are / to exist 高有大罪
56 5 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 蒙驁為秦將
57 5 zhī to know 群臣莫知
58 5 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 舉以為中車府令
59 5 a man / a male adult 夫先主之舉用太子
60 4 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今蒙氏
61 4 gǎn bold / brave 故雖諸將相莫敢與之爭焉
62 4 method / way 通於獄法
63 4 wèi Eighth earthly branch 道未就
64 4 chéng a city / a town 取三十七城
65 4 what / where / which 臣乃何言之敢諫
66 4 again / more / repeatedly 復其官爵
67 4 certainly / must / will / necessarily 然自知必死而守義者
68 4 martial / military 驁子曰武
69 4 inside / interior 延袤萬餘里
70 4 zhèn to flap 是時蒙恬威振匈奴
71 4 zhì to / until 至遼東
72 4 fēi not / non- / un- 非敢飾辭以避死也
73 4 an official institution / a state bureau 舉以為中車府令
74 4 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 使者以蒙恬屬吏
75 4 公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific) 高既私事公子胡亥
76 4 shì matter / thing / item 自齊事秦昭王
77 4 no 誅殺忠臣而立無節行之人
78 4 idea 是內使群臣不相信而外使鬬士之意離也
79 4 sān three 作置三川郡
80 4 chǔ state of Chu 與王翦攻楚
81 4 to take / to get / to fetch 取成皋
82 3 younger brother 蒙恬弟毅
83 3 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 臣無所疑矣
84 3 cān to take part in / to participate 出則參乘
85 3 to lift / to hold up / to raise 舉以為中車府令
86 3 zhōng loyalty / devotion 趙高因為胡亥忠計
87 3 shū book 恬嘗書獄典文學
88 3 móu to plan / to scheme 恬任外事而毅常為內謀
89 3 even / equal / uniform 其先齊人也
90 3 and 與王翦攻楚
91 3 xìng fortunate / lucky 高雅得幸於胡亥
92 3 cóng from 中車府令趙高常從
93 3 shàng top / a high position 居上郡
94 3 to think over / to consider 臣聞輕慮者不可以治國
95 3 dàn dawn 公旦自揃其爪以沈於河
96 3 shén what 始皇甚尊寵蒙氏
97 3 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 蒙武為秦裨將軍
98 3 hái also / in addition / more 使蒙毅還禱山川
99 3 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆生隱宮
100 3 nèi inside / interior 恬任外事而毅常為內謀
101 3 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 舉以為中車府令
102 3 zhì to place / to lay out 作置三川郡
103 3 xián virtuous / worthy 信任賢之
104 3 shēn human body / torso 皆各以變古者失其國而殃及其身
105 3 shí time / a period of time 是時蒙恬威振匈奴
106 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可
107 3 shī to lose 皆各以變古者失其國而殃及其身
108 3 prison 恬嘗書獄典文學
109 3 Soviet Union 遣使者以罪賜公子扶蘇
110 3 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 作置三川郡
111 3 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 是時丞相李斯
112 3 luàn chaotic / disorderly 周公旦欲為亂久矣
113 3 李斯 Lǐ Sī Li Si 是時丞相李斯
114 3 qiàn moat around a city 塹山堙谷
115 3 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 毅不敢阿法
116 3 to support /to help 遣使者以罪賜公子扶蘇
117 3 成王 Chéng Wáng King Cheng of Zhou 及成王有病甚殆
118 3 tīng to listen 胡亥聽而系蒙毅於代
119 3 zhào Zhao 蒙驁攻趙
120 3 to reach 法及內史
121 3 běi north 乃使蒙恬將三十萬眾北逐戎狄
122 3 expresses question or doubt 孰謂周公旦欲為亂乎
123 3 xíng to walk / to move 行出游會稽
124 2 zhōng middle 舉以為中車府令
125 2 qīng light / not heavy 臣聞輕慮者不可以治國
126 2 to go 而主欲一旦棄去之
127 2 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 昔周成王初立
128 2 親近 qīnjìn to get close to 而親近蒙毅
129 2 cún to exist / to survive 獨智者不可以存君
130 2 子曰 zǐyuē Confucius says 驁子曰武
131 2 record / register / list / census 除其宦籍
132 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 臣故曰過可振而諫可覺也
133 2 wài outside 暴師於外十餘年
134 2 xìn to believe / to trust 積功信於秦三世矣
135 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 胡亥聽而系蒙毅於代
136 2 至上 zhìshàng supreme / paramount / above all else 官至上卿
137 2 to store 數年之積也
138 2 yīn bury / mound 塹山堙谷
139 2 ā prefix to names of people 毅不敢阿法
140 2 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 群臣莫知
141 2 yáng sun 前已囚蒙恬於陽周
142 2 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當高罪死
143 2 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願大夫為慮焉
144 2 yòu again / also 又怨蒙毅法治之而不為己也
145 2 zāi exclamatory particle 此其中不能無絕地脈哉
146 2 襄王 Xiāng Wáng King Xiang of Zhou 秦莊襄王元年
147 2 chéng to mount / to climb onto 出則參乘
148 2 zhū all / many / various 故雖諸將相莫敢與之爭焉
149 2 qiú a prisoner / a convict 前已囚蒙恬於陽周
150 2 tōng to go through / to open 通於獄法
151 2 bèi -fold / times (multiplier) 燕王喜陰用荊軻之謀而倍秦之約
152 2 qiáng strong / powerful 秦王聞高彊力
153 2 長城 chángchéng Great Wall 筑長城
154 2 to arise / to get up 起臨洮
155 2 xíng punishment / penalty 其母被刑僇
156 2 supreme ruler / emperor 帝以高之敦於事也
157 2 法治 fǎzhì rule by law 秦王令蒙毅法治之
158 2 to break / to ruin / to destroy 大破之
159 2 chén to sink / to submerge 公旦自揃其爪以沈於河
160 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 不若誅之
161 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 恬罪固當死矣
162 2 Wu 必參而伍之
163 2 yuán source / origin 道九原
164 2 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 皆各以變古者失其國而殃及其身
165 2 gōng a palace 皆生隱宮
166 2 valley / gorge / ravine 塹山堙谷
167 2 alone / independent / single / sole 獨智者不可以存君
168 2 zhǔ owner 則是不忠而惑主也
169 2 shùn to obey 順幸沒世
170 2 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 遣使者以罪賜公子扶蘇
171 2 忠臣 zhōngchén faithful official 齊王建殺其故世忠臣而用后勝之議
172 2 治國 zhìguó to rule a country 臣聞輕慮者不可以治國
173 2 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 是內使群臣不相信而外使鬬士之意離也
174 2 yuàn to blame / to complain 又怨蒙毅法治之而不為己也
175 2 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 塹山堙谷
176 2 do not 故雖諸將相莫敢與之爭焉
177 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 成王觀於記府
178 2 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 諸趙疏遠屬也
179 2 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 以是籍於諸侯
180 2 rén person / people / a human being 其先齊人也
181 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 旦受其不祥
182 2 power / force / strength 秦王聞高彊力
183 2 wàn ten thousand 乃使蒙恬將三十萬眾北逐戎狄
184 2 yān where / how 故雖諸將相莫敢與之爭焉
185 2 to give / to bestow favors 遣使者以罪賜公子扶蘇
186 2 chē a vehicle 舉以為中車府令
187 2 qián front 入則御前
188 2 大夫 dàifu doctor 願大夫為慮焉
189 2 三十 sān shí thirty 乃使蒙恬將三十萬眾北逐戎狄
190 2 xīn heart 世無二心
191 2 hán Korea / South Korea 伐韓
192 2 萬餘 wàn yú more than ten thousand 延袤萬餘里
193 2 zōng school / sect 罪及其宗
194 2 huàn government official 除其宦籍
195 2 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 北走瑯邪
196 2 yān Yan 殺項燕
197 2 I 自吾先人
198 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 未反
199 2 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若知賢而俞弗立
200 2 to remember / to memorize / to bear in mind 乃書而藏之記府
201 2 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 欲以滅蒙氏
202 2 先人 xiānrén ancestors / deceased parents 自吾先人
203 2 甘泉 gānquán Ganquan 直抵甘泉
204 2 to doubt / to disbelieve 蒙恬疑而復請之
205 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 臣聞故趙王遷殺其良臣李牧而用顏聚
206 2 jiǔ nine 道九原
207 2 past / former times 昔者秦穆公殺三良而死
208 2 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 臣聞輕慮者不可以治國
209 2 suī although / even though 故雖諸將相莫敢與之爭焉
210 2 二世 èrshì the Second (of numbered Kings) / second generation 太子立為二世皇帝
211 2 zhòng many / numerous 乃使蒙恬將三十萬眾北逐戎狄
212 2 guì expensive / costly / valuable 趙高恐蒙氏復貴而用事
213 2 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 以臣不能得先主之意
214 2 直道 Zhí Dào Straight Road / Jiuyuan to Yunyang Road 自直道歸
215 2 bìng and / furthermore / also 秦已并天下
216 2 久矣 jiǔyǐ already for a long time 臣聞先帝欲舉賢立太子久矣
217 2 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 恬任外事而毅常為內謀
218 2 臨洮 Líntáo Lintao County 起臨洮
219 2 內史 nèishǐ Censor / Administrator 拜為內史
220 2 to connect / to relate 胡亥聽而系蒙毅於代
221 2 gōng merit 積功信於秦三世矣
222 2 can / may / permissible 臣故曰過可振而諫可覺也
223 2 遼東 Liáodōng Liaodong Peninsula 至遼東
224 2 百姓 bǎixìng common people 固輕百姓力矣
225 2 三十七 sānshíqī 37 取三十七城
226 2 zhù to build / to construct 筑長城
227 2 rán correct / right / certainly 然自知必死而守義者
228 2 qiè to steal / to usurp / to encroach on / to endanger 臣竊以為不可
229 2 yīn because 蒙恬因家世得為秦將
230 2 可謂 kěwèi it could even be said 可謂知意矣
231 2 zuò to do 作置三川郡
232 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 前已囚蒙恬於陽周
233 1 荊軻 jīngKē Jing Ke 燕王喜陰用荊軻之謀而倍秦之約
234 1 而立 érlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 誅殺忠臣而立無節行之人
235 1 wēi power / might / prestige 是時蒙恬威振匈奴
236 1 wèi to call 孰謂周公旦欲為亂乎
237 1 and 務修眾庶之和
238 1 地脈 dìmài geographical position 何乃罪地脈哉
239 1 gāo the high land along a river 取成皋
240 1 bào newspaper 使者還報
241 1 八百 bā bǎi eight hundred 千八百里
242 1 卑賤 bēijiàn lowly / mean and low 世世卑賤
243 1 shì a generation 世無二心
244 1 周書 Zhōu Shū History of Zhou of the Northern Dynasties 周書
245 1 each 皆各以變古者失其國而殃及其身
246 1 to assemble / to meet together 臣聞故趙王遷殺其良臣李牧而用顏聚
247 1 山川 shān chuān mountains and rivers 使蒙毅還禱山川
248 1 太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe 太史公曰
249 1 féng to encounter / to meet by chance 桀殺關龍逢
250 1 無罪 wúzuì innocent / not guilty 用道治者不殺無罪
251 1 qǐng to ask / to inquire 蒙恬疑而復請之
252 1 guī to go back / to return 自直道歸
253 1 一旦 yīdàn in one day 而主欲一旦棄去之
254 1 舍人 shèrén a palace attendant 胡亥以李斯舍人為護軍
255 1 fán ordinary / common 凡臣之言
256 1 不忍 bù rěn cannot bear to / disturbed 朕不忍
257 1 chà to differ 吳王夫差殺伍子胥
258 1 niè evil 是必孽臣逆亂
259 1 海上 hǎishàng maritime 并海上
260 1 養老 yǎnglǎo to provide for the elderly 養老存孤
261 1 xiān first 臣聞先帝欲舉賢立太子久矣
262 1 to avoid / to shun 非敢飾辭以避死也
263 1 yuē approximately 燕王喜陰用荊軻之謀而倍秦之約
264 1 shí real / true 使臣得死情實
265 1 及其 jíqí as well as 罪及其宗
266 1 疏遠 shūyuǎn to drift apart / to become estranged / to alienate 諸趙疏遠屬也
267 1 residence / dwelling 居上郡
268 1 因為 yīnwèi because / owing to / on account of 趙高因為胡亥忠計
269 1 不若 bùruò not as good as 不若誅之
270 1 大事 dàshì a major event 必有大事
271 1 shì to match 吾適北邊
272 1 bēng to rupture / to split apart / to collapse 始皇至沙丘崩
273 1 不備 bùbèi unprepared / off guard 王若不備
274 1 solitary 養老存孤
275 1 shù numerous / various 務修眾庶之和
276 1 餘年 yúnián one's remaining years 暴師於外十餘年
277 1 to be fond of / to like 燕王喜陰用荊軻之謀而倍秦之約
278 1 萬民 wànmín all the people 願陛下為萬民思從道也
279 1 tíng pavilion 行觀蒙恬所為秦筑長城亭障
280 1 yāng misfortune / disaster / calamity 有罪殃
281 1 不明 bù míng not clear / unknown 以其君為不明
282 1 行法 xíngfǎ cultivation method 臣受詔行法於將軍
283 1 文學 wénxué literature 恬嘗書獄典文學
284 1 jié festival / a special day 誅殺忠臣而立無節行之人
285 1 高雅 gāoyǎ dainty / elegant 高雅得幸於胡亥
286 1 tūn to swallow 乃吞藥自殺
287 1 wáng to die 身死則國亡
288 1 to benefit / to aid 蒙武為秦裨將軍
289 1 平王 Píng Wáng King Ping of Zhou 楚平王殺伍奢
290 1 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公旦自揃其爪以沈於河
291 1 二十四 èrshísì 24 / twenty-four 二十四年
292 1 according to 據陽山
293 1 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang 齊王建殺其故世忠臣而用后勝之議
294 1 咸陽 xiányáng Xianyang 喪至咸陽
295 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 然自知必死而守義者
296 1 dài dangerous / perilous 及成王有病甚殆
297 1 hurried / worried 振百姓之急
298 1 cháng to taste 恬嘗書獄典文學
299 1 名將 míngjiāng famous general 而恬為名將
300 1 皇帝 huángdì Emperor 太子立為二世皇帝
301 1 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 取成皋
302 1 a bruise / a sore / a wound 痍傷者未瘳
303 1 five 五年
304 1 信任 xìnrèn to trust / to have confidence in 信任賢之
305 1 qiú to request 求其罪過
306 1 a shepherd 臣聞故趙王遷殺其良臣李牧而用顏聚
307 1 意興 yìxīng interest / enthusiasm 而阿意興功
308 1 èr two 二年
309 1 xíng appearance 因地形
310 1 meaning / sense 然自知必死而守義者
311 1 sàng to lose / to die 喪至咸陽
312 1 to criticize 齊王建殺其故世忠臣而用后勝之議
313 1 不祥 bùxiáng unwholesome 旦受其不祥
314 1 wěi yes 唯大夫留心
315 1 故世 gùshì to die / to pass away 齊王建殺其故世忠臣而用后勝之議
316 1 shí ten 暴師於外十餘年
317 1 則是 zéshì only 則是不忠而惑主也
318 1 xiàng an item / a thing / a clause 殺項燕
319 1 二十 èrshí twenty 取二十城
320 1 pàn boundary path dividing fields 其勢足以倍畔
321 1 to protect / to guard 胡亥以李斯舍人為護軍
322 1 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 用道治者不殺無罪
323 1 biàn to change / to alter 皆各以變古者失其國而殃及其身
324 1 jiù right away 道未就
325 1 to humiliate / to treat with contempt 其母被刑僇
326 1 其先 qíxiān previously 其先齊人也
327 1 殃及 yāngjí to bring disaster to 皆各以變古者失其國而殃及其身
328 1 過多 guòduō too many / excessive 君之過多矣
329 1 tribes from northern china 乃使蒙恬將三十萬眾北逐戎狄
330 1 直抵 zhídǐ to directly arrive at 直抵甘泉
331 1 shú which 孰謂周公旦欲為亂乎
332 1 kūn elder brother 趙高昆弟數人
333 1 shī teacher 暴師於外十餘年
334 1 北邊 běibiān north 吾適北邊
335 1 自殺 zìshā to commit suicide 乃吞藥自殺
336 1 jué absolutely 去諸公子絕遠
337 1 會稽 Kuàijī Kuaiji Mountain 行出游會稽
338 1 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是渡河
339 1 流涕 liú tì to shed tears 乃流涕曰
340 1 xiǎn dangerous 用制險塞
341 1 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 不敢辱先人之教
342 1 yán color 臣聞故趙王遷殺其良臣李牧而用顏聚
343 1 數年 shǔnián several years 數年之積也
344 1 絕地 juédì danger spot 此其中不能無絕地脈哉
345 1 to punish / to penalize 而罰不加於無辜
346 1 子嬰 Zǐ Yīng Zi Ying 子嬰進諫曰
347 1 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 此其兄弟遇誅
348 1 不加 bùjiā without / not / un- 而罰不加於無辜
349 1 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 而事卒如此
350 1 列傳 lièzhuàn a historical biography 蒙恬列傳
351 1 a river / a stream 公旦自揃其爪以沈於河
352 1 néng can / able 以臣不知太子之能
353 1 伍子胥 wǔ zǐxū Wu Zixu 吳王夫差殺伍子胥
354 1 jiù to punish / to chastise / to blame 非以求免於咎也
355 1 官爵 guānjué official ranking / titles and honors 復其官爵
356 1 通道 tōngdào channel / thoroughfare / passage 乃使蒙恬通道
357 1 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 而主欲一旦棄去之
358 1 dòu to fight / to struggle / to condemn 是內使群臣不相信而外使鬬士之意離也
359 1 家世 jiāshì family background 蒙恬因家世得為秦將
360 1 zhú to chase / to expel 乃使蒙恬將三十萬眾北逐戎狄
361 1 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 暴師於外十餘年
362 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 務修眾庶之和
363 1 子孫 zǐsūn descendents 及至子孫
364 1 沙丘 shāqiū a sand dune / a sandy hill 始皇至沙丘崩
365 1 傷者 shāngzhě casualty / victim (of an accident) / wounded person 痍傷者未瘳
366 1 wèi Wei Dynasty 蒙驁攻魏
367 1 jiàn to build / to construct 齊王建殺其故世忠臣而用后勝之議
368 1 諸公 zhūgōng gentlemen (form of address) 去諸公子絕遠
369 1 bǎi one hundred 罪百里奚而非其罪也
370 1 昭王 Zhāo Wáng King Zhao of Zhou 自齊事秦昭王
371 1 dōng winter 始皇三十七年冬
372 1 yīn cloudy / overcast 燕王喜陰用荊軻之謀而倍秦之約
373 1 Jié Emperor Jie 桀殺關龍逢
374 1 未定 wèidìng undecided / indeterminate / still in doubt 天下之心未定
375 1 周旋 zhōuxuán to mix with others / to socialize / to deal with / to contend 周旋天下
376 1 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 不敢辱先人之教
377 1 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 以不忘先主也
378 1 伍奢 Wǔshē Wu She 楚平王殺伍奢
379 1 無辜 wúgū innocent / not guilty 而罰不加於無辜
380 1 未有 wèiyǒu is not / has never been 王未有識
381 1 gèng more / even more 更置
382 1 hòu after / later 齊王建殺其故世忠臣而用后勝之議
383 1 nán difficult / arduous / hard 先主欲立太子而卿難之
384 1 four 此四君者
385 1 二十三 èrshísān 23 / twenty-three 始皇二十三年
386 1 御史 yùshǐ a censor 而遣御史曲宮乘傳之代
387 1 私事 sīshì personal matters 高既私事公子胡亥
388 1 to examine into / to impeach / to charge 舉劾之
389 1 Xu 徐曰
390 1 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 北走瑯邪
391 1 yǐn to hide / to conceal 皆生隱宮
392 1 to defend / to resist 入則御前
393 1 謀士 móushì skilled manipulator / tactician / strategist / advisor / counsellor 秦之大臣謀士也
394 1 chú except / besides 除其宦籍
395 1 秦穆公 qín mùgōng Duke Mu of Qin 昔者秦穆公殺三良而死
396 1 以是 yǐshì for that reason / therefore / for this reason 以是籍於諸侯
397 1 忠信 zhōngxìn faith and honesty / loyalty and sincerity 名為忠信
398 1 chōu to convalesce / to recover / to heal 痍傷者未瘳
399 1 王子 wángzǐ a prince 紂殺王子比干而不悔
400 1 wēi winding / curving 逶蛇而北
401 1 shǎo few 則臣少宦
402 1 周成王 Zhōuchéng wáng King Cheng of Zhou 昔周成王初立
403 1 shè to forgive / to pardon 赦之
404 1 二十六 èrshíliù 26 / twenty-six 始皇二十六年
405 1 what? / where? / why? 罪百里奚而非其罪也
406 1 世世 shìshì from age to age 世世卑賤
407 1 ancient / old / palaeo- 皆各以變古者失其國而殃及其身
408 1 陰謀 yīnmóu plot / conspiracy 公子胡亥陰謀
409 1 promptly / right away / immediately 即欲釋蒙恬
410 1 定天下 dìng tiānxià to give a universal command 卒定天下
411 1 名為 míngwèi to be called 名為忠信
412 1 以求 yǐqiú in order to 非以求免於咎也
413 1 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 用制險塞
414 1 yóu to swim 始皇欲游天下
415 1 chǒng to favor 始皇甚尊寵蒙氏
416 1 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 喻之決獄
417 1 zhòu Emperor Zhou 紂殺王子比干而不悔
418 1 interest 蒙恬喟然太息曰
419 1 to cut down 伐韓
420 1 shì to release / to set free 即欲釋蒙恬
421 1 陽山 yángshān Yangshan 據陽山
422 1 王能 wáng néng Wang Neng 及王能治國
423 1 shé snake 逶蛇而北
424 1 proper / suitable / appropriate 不亦宜乎
425 1 誅殺 zhūshā to kill / to murder 誅殺忠臣而立無節行之人
426 1 秦三世 Qín Sān Shì Emperor Qin San Shi 積功信於秦三世矣
427 1 zhāo illustrious 昭襄王殺武安君白起
428 1 執事 zhíshì to serve as / to hold a post 是旦執事
429 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 是必孽臣逆亂
430 1 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 用制險塞
431 1 日夜 rìyè day and night / around the clock 日夜毀惡蒙氏
432 1 to resist / to oppose / to push away 自九原抵甘泉
433 1 mother 其母被刑僇
434 1 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 卿其圖之
435 1 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 趙高恐蒙氏復貴而用事
436 1 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 秦之大臣謀士也
437 1 dūn honest / candid / sincere 帝以高之敦於事也
438 1 huǐ to destroy 日夜毀惡蒙氏
439 1 zūn to honor / to respect 始皇甚尊寵蒙氏
440 1 比干 bìgān Bi Gan (Chinese god of wealth) 紂殺王子比干而不悔
441 1 to calculate / to compute / to count 趙高因為胡亥忠計
442 1 因地 yīndì the circumstances of place 因地形
443 1 留心 liúxīn to keep a lookout / to be careful 唯大夫留心
444 1 舉用 jǔyòng to select the best (for a job) 夫先主之舉用太子
445 1 及至 jízhì up until / by the time that 及至子孫
446 1 cáng to hide 乃書而藏之記府
447 1 zhuāng a village 秦莊襄王元年
448 1 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 此其兄弟遇誅
449 1 jiǎn to cut down 與王翦攻楚
450 1 數人 shǔrén Sarvāstivāda 趙高昆弟數人
451 1 良久 liáng jiǔ a long time 良久
452 1 huò to confuse / to mislead / to baffle 則是不忠而惑主也
453 1 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 延袤萬餘里
454 1 罪過 zuìguò sin / offense 求其罪過
455 1 lóng dragon 桀殺關龍逢
456 1 zhǎo claw 公旦自揃其爪以沈於河
457 1 miào Miao
458 1 qiān one thousand 千八百里
459 1 zhèn I / we 朕不忍
460 1 jué to awake 臣故曰過可振而諫可覺也
461 1 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 而遣御史曲宮乘傳之代
462 1 shōu to receive / to accept 收河南
463 1 無二 wú èr advaya / nonduality / not two 世無二心
464 1 child / son 去諸公子絕遠
465 1 dōng east 作置東郡
466 1 有罪 yǒuzuì guilty 有罪殃
467 1 no 若知賢而俞弗立
468 1 jiǎn shear 公旦自揃其爪以沈於河
469 1 外事 wàishì foreign affairs 恬任外事而毅常為內謀
470 1 dǎo to pray / to entreat / to beg / to plead 使蒙毅還禱山川
471 1 jìn to enter 子嬰進諫曰
472 1 to capture / to imprison / to seize 虜楚王
473 1 chū to go out / to leave 出則參乘
474 1 chāng Chang 夫成王失而復振則卒昌
475 1 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 使臣得死情實
476 1 白起 báiqǐ Bai Qi 昭襄王殺武安君白起
477 1 bǎo swaddling 未離襁緥周公旦負王以朝
478 1 to bear / to carry 未離襁緥周公旦負王以朝
479 1 bīng soldier / troops 今臣將兵三十餘萬
480 1 a song 而遣御史曲宮乘傳之代
481 1 xiū to be ashamed 為羞累先主之名
482 1 出游 chūyóu to go on a tour / to have an outing 行出游會稽
483 1 míng measure word for people 為羞累先主之名
484 1 shì power / authority 其勢足以倍畔
485 1 bēn to run fast / to flee 周公旦走而奔於楚
486 1 cháo to face 未離襁緥周公旦負王以朝
487 1 不知 bùzhī do not know 以臣不知太子之能
488 1 è evil / vice 日夜毀惡蒙氏
489 1 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 齊王建殺其故世忠臣而用后勝之議
490 1 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 察於參伍
491 1 免於 miǎnyú to be saved from / to be spared 非以求免於咎也
492 1 不亦 bùyì is that not also? 不亦宜乎
493 1 Wu 吳王夫差殺伍子胥
494 1 賊心 zéixīn evil intentions 因有賊心
495 1 zàng to bury the dead 已葬
496 1 huǐ to regret 紂殺王子比干而不悔
497 1 zhào an imperial decree 臣受詔行法於將軍
498 1 智者 zhìzhě a sage / a wise man 獨智者不可以存君
499 1 chuán to transmit 而遣御史曲宮乘傳之代
500 1 yuǎn far / distant 去諸公子絕遠

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
白起 báiqǐ Bai Qi
比干 bìgān Bi Gan (Chinese god of wealth)
长城 長城 chángchéng Great Wall
成王 Chéng Wáng King Cheng of Zhou
楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu
甘泉 gānquán Ganquan
公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific)
hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
胡亥 Hú Hài Hu Hai
Jié Emperor Jie
荆轲 荊軻 jīngKē Jing Ke
会稽 會稽 Kuàijī Kuaiji Mountain
李斯 Lǐ Sī Li Si
辽东 遼東 Liáodōng Liaodong Peninsula
临洮 臨洮 Líntáo Lintao County
蒙恬 Mēng Tián Meng Tian
内史 內史 nèishǐ Censor / Administrator
平王 Píng Wáng King Ping of Zhou
齐王 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
秦穆公 qín mùgōng Duke Mu of Qin
秦三世 Qín Sān Shì Emperor Qin San Shi
数人 數人 shǔrén Sarvāstivāda
太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe
王能 wáng néng Wang Neng
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
  6. to speak loudly
伍子胥 wǔ zǐxū Wu Zixu
武安 wǔān Wu'an
伍奢 Wǔshē Wu She
  1. what? / where? / why?
  2. a slave / a servant
  3. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  4. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  5. Xi
襄王 Xiāng Wáng King Xiang of Zhou
咸阳 咸陽 xiányáng
  1. Xianyang
  2. Xianyang
荥阳 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
阳山 陽山 yángshān Yangshan
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
赵高 趙高 Zhào Gāo Zhao Gao
昭王 Zhāo Wáng King Zhao of Zhou
直道 Zhí Dào Straight Road / Jiuyuan to Yunyang Road
zhòu Emperor Zhou
周公旦 Zhōu Gōng Dàn Duke of Zhou
周书 周書 Zhōu Shū History of Zhou of the Northern Dynasties
周成王 Zhōuchéng wáng King Cheng of Zhou
子婴 子嬰 Zǐ Yīng Zi Ying

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English