Glossary and Vocabulary for Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》, 《陽貨第十七》 Commentary on Yang Huo XVII

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 56 yuē to speak / to say 謂孔子曰
2 42 yán to speak / to say / said 予與爾言
3 33 è evil / vice 固有美惡之不同矣
4 25 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 陽貨欲見孔子
5 25 子曰 zǐyuē Confucius says 子曰
6 22 rén person / people / a human being 人之氣質相近之中
7 20 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 季氏家臣
8 18 child / son 嘗囚季桓子而專國政
9 17 desire 陽貨欲見孔子
10 16 夫子 fūzǐ master 夫子莞爾而笑
11 16 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子學道則愛人
12 16 wèi to call 謂孔子曰
13 15 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 華版反
14 15 wǎng to go (in a direction) 而往拜之
15 15 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 唯上知與下愚不移
16 13 nián year 三年之喪
17 13 a man / a male adult 夫召我者而豈徒哉
18 12 zhī to know 可謂知乎
19 12 sān three 士之品大概有三
20 12 one 一作饋
21 12 yǒng brave / courageous 好勇不好學
22 12 xué to study / to learn 皆不可以不學
23 11 female / feminine 女聞六言六蔽矣乎
24 11 hǎo good 好從事而亟失時
25 11 去聲 qùshēng falling tone / fourth tone 並去聲
26 11 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 雖聖人與居
27 11 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal 六蔽
28 10 yīn sound / noise 音悅
29 10 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 貨以禮
30 10 zǎi to slaughter 時子游為武城宰
31 10 can / may / permissible 則無不可移
32 9 jiàn to see 陽貨欲見孔子
33 9 wén to hear 聞弦歌之聲
34 9 huò goods / products / commodities 陽貨第十七
35 9 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 但習於善則善
36 9 shí time / a period of time 孔子時其亡也
37 9 所謂 suǒwèi so-called 此所謂性
38 9 shī to lose 好從事而亟失時
39 9 Germany 德之賊也
40 9 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 樂云樂云
41 9 xíng to walk / to move 行是五者
42 9 sàng to lose / to die 三年之喪
43 9 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 小人學道則易使也
44 9 wèn to ask 隨問而對者
45 9 子路 zǐlù Zi Lu 子路不說
46 8 xīn heart 則心存而理得矣
47 8 huǒ fire / flame 鑽燧改火
48 8 hair 剛之發
49 8 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可
50 8 shàng top / a high position 唯上知與下愚不移
51 8 使 shǐ to make / to cause 貨語皆譏孔子而諷使速仕
52 8 天下 tiānxià China 聖人以天下無不可有為之人
53 8 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 患得之
54 7 zhǐ to stop / to halt 故問此以止夫子之行
55 7 reason / logic / truth 理之直也
56 7 shì matter / thing / item 謂不及事幾之會
57 7 dào way / road / path 言道既不行
58 7 xìng gender 此所謂性
59 7 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene
60 7 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 於女安乎
61 7 to take / to get / to fetch 取瑟而歌
62 7 ěr ear 但不仕於貨耳
63 7 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 故以為德之賊而深惡之
64 7 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋道外無身
65 7 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能化而入也
66 7 zhèng upright / straight 其猶正牆面而立也與
67 7 zhí straight 故直據理答之
68 7 disease / sickness / ailment 古者民有三疾
69 7 而言 éryán with regard to (preceding phrase) 兼氣質而言者也
70 7 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 不終絕也
71 6 yóu to swim 時子游為武城宰
72 6 chēng to call / to address 欲其稱也
73 6 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今也或是之亡也
74 6 子貢 Zǐ Gòng Zi Gong 子貢曰
75 6 shí food / food and drink 焉能繫而不食
76 6 不為 bùwéi to not do 自棄者絕之以不為
77 6 huái bosom / breast 懷其寶而迷其邦
78 6 yáng sun 陽貨第十七
79 6 rén a kernel / a pit 可謂仁乎
80 6 a period of time / phase / stage 期已久矣
81 6 Buddha / Awakened One 佛肸召
82 6 ancient / old / palaeo- 古者民有三疾
83 6 dào to rob / to steal 乃能為盜
84 6 禮樂 lǐlè rites and music 以禮樂為教
85 6 yún cloud 禮云禮云
86 6 程子 chéngzǐ a period of time 程子曰
87 6 yuǎn far / distant 習相遠也
88 6 xìn to believe / to trust 吾未之信也
89 6 qīn relatives 親於其身為不善者
90 6 不好 bù hǎo not good 好仁不好學
91 6 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 但眾人多不能用
92 6 to spread out 佛肸召
93 6 luàn chaotic / disorderly 然不過欲使助己為亂耳
94 5 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小笑貌
95 5 sūn Sun 言之孫而亦無所詘也
96 5 to fly 習相遠也
97 5 lín phosphorus 磨而不磷
98 5 下同 xiàtóng similarly hereinafter 下同
99 5 zhāng a chapter / a section 凡二十六章
100 5 tiān day 天何言哉
101 5 to give 予與爾言
102 5 jìng to respect /to honor 敬所不敬
103 5 idea 若不諭其意者
104 5 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 子路不說
105 5 shēn deep 故夫子驟聞而深喜之
106 5 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 自棄者絕之以不為
107 5 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 以禮樂為教
108 5 shēng to be born / to give birth 皆生於患失而已
109 5 thing / matter 染皁物
110 5 niè Nirvāṇa / Nibbāna / Nirvana 涅而不緇
111 5 zhì sign / mark / flag 感發志意
112 5 kuáng insane / mad 其蔽也狂
113 5 dialect / language / speech 貨語皆譏孔子而諷使速仕
114 5 shī poem / verse 何莫學夫詩
115 5 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 身詘矣而可以信道
116 4 past / former times 昔者偃也聞諸夫子曰
117 4 to enter 不能化而入也
118 4 yuán source / origin 鄉原
119 4 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公山弗擾以費畔
120 4 residence / dwelling 雖聖人與居
121 4 bài to bow / to pay respect to 而往拜之
122 4 jiāo to steal 惡徼以為知者
123 4 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 公山弗擾以費畔
124 4 yòng to use / to apply 何必用此大道也
125 4 jìn nearby 性相近也
126 4 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 而不察其天理流行之實
127 4 to doubt / to disbelieve 故疑而問之
128 4 五者 wǔ zhě fifth / the fifth is 能行五者於天下
129 4 to grind 皆可漸磨而進也
130 4 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 孔子固未嘗如此
131 4 Tu 遇諸塗
132 4 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 蓋因子張所不足而言耳
133 4 shí knowledge / understanding 多識於鳥獸草木之名
134 4 zéi thief 其蔽也賊
135 4 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 遠之事君
136 4 之中 zhīzhōng inside 人之氣質相近之中
137 4 néng can / able 焉能繫而不食
138 4 apprentice / disciple 夫召我者而豈徒哉
139 4 小子 xiǎozi a boy 小子
140 4 shí real / true 而自實其戲也
141 4 shì an official 吾將仕矣
142 4 to cover 惡利口之覆邦家者
143 4 dàng to toss about / to swing / to rock 其蔽也蕩
144 4 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 范氏曰
145 4 shàn to curse / to abuse 惡居下流而訕上者
146 4 guī to go back / to return 歸孔子豚
147 4 a drama / a play / a show 前言戲之耳
148 4 氣質 qìzhì temperament / nature 兼氣質而言者也
149 4 wáng to die 孔子時其亡也
150 4 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 且然而未必之辭
151 4 letter / symbol / character 如字
152 3 black silk 涅而不緇
153 3 yáng Yang 楊氏曰
154 3 yuàn to blame / to complain 可以怨
155 3 孟子 Mèng Zǐ Mencius / Mengzi 孟子之言性善是也
156 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 吾未之信也
157 3 district / county 故邑人皆弦歌也
158 3 clothes / clothing 衣夫錦
159 3 meaning / sense 義也
160 3 jǐng to alert / to warn 故夫子發此以警之
161 3 jié to accuse / to pry 惡訐以為直者
162 3 páo a gourd / a calabash 吾豈匏瓜也哉
163 3 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 惠則足以使人
164 3 無禮 wúlǐ rude 天下無一物無禮樂
165 3 season / period 季氏家臣
166 3 穿 chuān to dress / to wear 其猶穿窬之盜也與
167 3 不忍 bù rěn cannot bear to / disturbed 自得其所以不忍者
168 3 end / final stage / latter part 末之也已
169 3 xián virtuous / worthy 以賢為不肖
170 3 a whetstone 色厲而內荏
171 3 bāng nation / country / state 懷其寶而迷其邦
172 3 to move / to shift / to remove 而非習之所能移者
173 3 武城 wǔchéng Wucheng 子之武城
174 3 big / great / huge / large / major 大則弒父與君
175 3 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 因言其治小邑
176 3 rustic / low / base / mean 鄙夫可與事君也與哉
177 3 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 無序便乖
178 3 父母 fùmǔ parents / mother and father 父母之喪
179 3 qiáng wall 其猶正牆面而立也與
180 3 ài to love 予也有三年之愛於其父母乎
181 3 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 與愿同
182 3 mín the people / citizen / subjects 細民也
183 3 學者 xuézhě scholar 學者須要識得
184 3 zhì to stop up / to obstruct 惡果敢而窒者
185 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 此章盡之
186 3 平聲 píng shēng first tone 平聲
187 3 gain / advantage / benefit 惡利口之覆邦家者
188 3 to bend / to violate / to go against 往往強戾而才力有過人者
189 3 míng bright / brilliant 然徒好之而不學以明其理
190 3 xiāng village / township 鄉原
191 3 to bend / to stoop / to crouch 言之孫而亦無所詘也
192 3 百物 bǎiwù all things 百物生焉
193 3 nán south 女為周南召南矣乎
194 3 tīng to listen 必相聽順
195 3 gǎi to change / to alter 知其必不能改故也
196 3 jīn to pity / feel sorry for 古之矜也廉
197 3 rěn mint / perilla 色厲而內荏
198 3 gōng respectful / polite / reverent
199 3 富貴 fùguì riches and honor 富貴不足以累其心
200 3 lái to come 欲令孔子來見己
201 3 měi beautiful 固有美惡之不同矣
202 3 shēn human body / torso 為詘身以信道
203 3 周南 zhōunán Zhou Nan 女為周南召南矣乎
204 3 四時 sì shí the four seasons 四時行焉
205 3 六言 liùyán hexametric 此章與六言
206 3 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 可以觀
207 3 to support /to help 音扶
208 2 學道 xuédào examiner 君子學道則愛人
209 2 dào a rice paddy 食夫稻
210 2 liù six 六蔽
211 2 有為 yǒuwèi saṃskṛta / conditioned 聖人以天下無不可有為之人
212 2 未能 wèinéng to fail to 未能好學以明之也
213 2 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 欲令孔子來見己
214 2 lián upright / honorable / honest 古之矜也廉
215 2 beard / mustache 胡氏曰
216 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 有所疑於心而不敢強焉爾
217 2 天理 tiānlǐ tianli / the Principle of Heaven 而不察其天理流行之實
218 2 無序 wúxù random / disorderly / irregular 便是無序
219 2 a human or animal body 聖人體道之大權也
220 2 responsibility / duty 而再言女安則為之以深責之
221 2 shǐ beginning / start 於是始相遠耳
222 2 忿 fèn get angry 今之矜也忿戾
223 2 妄作 wàngzuò rash conduct 詐則挾私妄作矣
224 2 guā melon / gourd / squash 吾豈匏瓜也哉
225 2 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 子路恐佛肸之浼夫子
226 2 shēng to ascend / to go up 新穀既升
227 2 a child 孺悲欲見孔子
228 2 rǎo to disturb / to annoy / to agitate 公山弗擾以費畔
229 2 xīng to flourish / to be popular 言興周道於東方
230 2 相近 xiāng jìn to be close to / to be similar to 何相近之有哉
231 2 信道 xìndào a signal path / a channel 為詘身以信道
232 2 měi to request / to to ask a favour of 子路恐佛肸之浼夫子
233 2 四十 sì shí forty 年四十而見惡焉
234 2 yǐn to govern 尹氏曰
235 2 告之 gàozhī to tell / to inform 使還坐而告之
236 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 受以成布
237 2 改過 gǎiguò to correct / to fix 亦無不可改過之人
238 2 道德 dàodé moral / morality / ethics 謂懷藏道德
239 2 to read 讀是經者
240 2 to bewitch / to charm / to infatuate 懷其寶而迷其邦
241 2 yǎn to lie / to lay down 昔者偃也聞諸夫子曰
242 2 zhū vermilion 惡紫之奪朱也
243 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 則往拜其門
244 2 valley / gorge / ravine 舊穀既沒
245 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 不得受於其家
246 2 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness
247 2 流行 liúxíng popular / fashionable / prevalent 而不察其天理流行之實
248 2 to give / to bestow favors 大夫有賜於士
249 2 gas / vapour / fumes 氣失其平則為疾
250 2 jiān hard / strong / firm 不曰堅乎
251 2 zuān to drill / to bore 鑽燧改火
252 2 huán big 嘗囚季桓子而專國政
253 2 hūn dusk / nightfall / twilight 雖昏愚之至
254 2 不善 bù shàn akuśala / akusala / unvirtuous / unwholesome / inauspicious 親於其身為不善者
255 2 shēng sound 聞弦歌之聲
256 2 免於 miǎnyú to be saved from / to be spared 然後免於父母之懷
257 2 to exceed / to transcend / to cross over 踰牆
258 2 zhì matter / material / substance 然其質非必昏且愚也
259 2 yuè pleased 音悅
260 2 kǎo to examine / to test 然考其歸則誠愚也
261 2 easy / simple 小人學道則易使也
262 2 而立 érlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 其猶正牆面而立也與
263 2 lèi to be tired 功名不足以累其心
264 2 qián to act with reverence 於虔反
265 2 to connect / to relate 焉能繫而不食
266 2 a small door or window / a hole in the wall to cut through a wall 其猶穿窬之盜也與
267 2 power / force / strength 往往強戾而才力有過人者
268 2 suì flint 鑽燧改火
269 2 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 懷其寶而迷其邦
270 2 pàn boundary path dividing fields 公山弗擾以費畔
271 2 能行 néngxíng ability to act 能行五者於天下
272 2 kuān wide / broad
273 2 無言 wúyán to remain silent / to have nothing to say 予欲無言
274 2 rèn to bear / to undertake 信則人任焉
275 2 to raise animals 君子多識前言往行以畜其德
276 2 piān chapter / section / essay / article 詩首篇名
277 2 無義 wúyì without meaning / nonsense / immoral / faithless 君子有勇而無義為亂
278 2 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 而不得其所以言
279 2 duān to carry 君子問更端
280 2 precious 玉帛云乎哉
281 2 bēi sadness / sorrow / grief 孺悲欲見孔子
282 2 gāo high / tall 謂窮高極廣而無所止
283 2 cháng to taste 嘗囚季桓子而專國政
284 2 鐘鼓 zhōnggǔ bell and drum / an ancient percussion instrument 鐘鼓云乎哉
285 2 qiáng strong / powerful 往往強戾而才力有過人者
286 2 suì to comply with / to follow along 謂徑行自遂
287 2 purple / violet 惡紫之奪朱也
288 2 莞爾 guānr to smile 夫子莞爾而笑
289 2 qiú to request 夫子欲宰我反求諸心
290 2 biàn to dispute / to debate / to argue / to discuss 不復與辯
291 2 guāi obedient / well-behaved 無序便乖
292 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 則國家之覆也不難矣
293 2 piān to be one-sided / leaning / to slant 又皆所以救其偏也
294 2 wèi position / location / place 以位言之
295 2 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 遇諸塗
296 2 門人 mén rén disciple 又以解門人之惑也
297 2 shuāi to weaken / to decline 傷俗之益衰也
298 2 無所不至 wú suǒ bù zhì to reach everywhere / to stop at nothing / to do one's utmost 無所不至矣
299 2 liǎng two 只此兩字
300 2 mǐn fast / quick / clever / smart
301 2 大夫 dàifu doctor 大夫有賜於士
302 2 jǐn brocade / embroidered work 衣夫錦
303 2 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 豈惟賢者不如古哉
304 2 jiù to save / to rescue 又皆所以救其偏也
305 2 東周 Dōng Zhōu Eastern Zhou 吾其為東周乎
306 2 bái white 不曰白乎
307 2 博弈 bóyì games (such as chess, dice etc) / gambling / contest 不有博弈者乎
308 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 正而勝者常少
309 2 李氏 lǐshì the Korean Yi or Lee Dynasty 李氏曰
310 2 不如 bùrú not equal to / not as good as 人則不如是也
311 2 前言 qiányán a preface / a forward / an introduction 前言戲之耳
312 2 言語 yányǔ spoken language 學者多以言語觀聖人
313 2 miàn side / surface 其猶正牆面而立也與
314 2 to be fond of / to like 蓋喜之也
315 2 仁者 rénzhe compassionate one / benevolent one / a compassionate person 仁者無不愛
316 2 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 和而不流
317 2 biàn to change / to alter 知其人之終不可變而事之終不可為耳
318 2 居喪 jūsàng to observe the ritual mourning 恐居喪不習而崩壞也
319 2 jiā house / home / residence 不得受於其家
320 2 color 色厲而內荏
321 2 shì a gentleman / a knight 大夫有賜於士
322 2 不待 bù dài not need 有不待言而著者
323 2 four 古之狂也肆
324 2 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 食旨不甘
325 2 弦歌 xiángē to sing to a string accompaniment 聞弦歌之聲
326 2 shù to state / to tell / to narrate / to relate 則小子何述焉
327 2 tóng like / same / similar 與愿同
328 2 zhà to cheat / to swindle 今之愚也詐而已矣
329 2 功名 gōngmíng a scholarly honor / rank / achievement / fame / glory 功名不足以累其心
330 2 不移 bùyí steadfast / inalienable 唯上知與下愚不移
331 2 báo thin / slight / weak 薄也
332 2 tún a suckling pig 歸孔子豚
333 2 無所用心 wú suǒ yòngxīn not paying attention to anything / to idle time away 無所用心
334 2 鄉人 xiāngrén villager / fellow villager 鄉人之愿者也
335 2 to instruct / to expound / to explain 若不諭其意者
336 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 始食菜果
337 2 不見 bújiàn to not see 孔子不見
338 2 silk / plain silk 玉帛云乎哉
339 2 special / unique / distinguished 特以聖人為之中制而不敢過
340 2 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 以賢為不肖
341 2 之類 zhī lèi and so on / and such 四惡之類
342 2 不仁 bùrén not benevolent / heartless / numb 予之不仁也
343 1 jiǎo to twist / to entangle / to wring / to hang 其蔽也絞
344 1 無二 wú èr advaya / nonduality / not two 則無二者之患矣
345 1 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 特以責宰我之無恩
346 1 zuò to sit 使還坐而告之
347 1 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 惡紫之奪朱也
348 1 xīn new / fresh / modern 新穀既升
349 1 無道 wú dào tyrannical / brutal 身外無道
350 1 xiān fresh / new / delicious 鮮矣仁
351 1 method / way 學詩之法
352 1 義理 yìlǐ a doctrine / doctrinism / an argument within a paper 含蓄多少義理
353 1 含蓄 hánxù implicit / implied / unspoken / veiled / reserved 含蓄多少義理
354 1 dēng to rise / to mount / to board / to climb 登也
355 1 魯人 Lǔrén person from Shandong / often refers to Confucius / stupid person 魯人
356 1 譬如 pìrú for examlpe 譬如日星之明
357 1 móu barley 晉大夫趙氏之中牟宰也
358 1 to arise / to get up 則起而對
359 1 不信 bùxìn disbelief / lack of faith 惟自暴者拒之以不信
360 1 居處 jūchù a dwelling / a home 居處不安
361 1 huài bad / spoiled / broken / defective 禮必壞
362 1 仲尼 Zhòng Ní Zhong Ni 仲尼之所謂下愚也
363 1 creeping / crawling 欲其有以跂而及之爾
364 1 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 與陽貨共執桓子
365 1 kàn to watch / to spy / to overlook / to look down 故瞰孔子之亡而歸之豚
366 1 鳥獸 niǎoshòu birds and beasts / fauna 多識於鳥獸草木之名
367 1 大小 dàxiǎo dimension / magnitude / size / measurement 治有大小
368 1 疑問 yíwèn to question / to query 其他則未免疑問
369 1 shǔn to suck with mouth / to sip / to lick 小則吮癰舐痔
370 1 遮掩 zhēyǎn to cover 遮掩也
371 1 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 固有美惡之不同矣
372 1 常言 chángyán a common saying 蓋夫子之常言
373 1 前後文 qiánhòuwén context / the surrounding words 皆與前後文體大不相似
374 1 已久 yǐjiǔ already a long time 期已久矣
375 1 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 蓋必有總屬
376 1 private 詐則挾私妄作矣
377 1 bìn to encoffin a corpse / to carry to burial 既殯
378 1 本心 běnxīn original intent 或能反求而終得其本心也
379 1 cái to cut out 許昌靳裁之有言曰
380 1 to grow / to multiply / to increase 末世滋偽
381 1 rèn edged tool / cutlery / knife edge 力刃反
382 1 wáng Wang 王氏曰
383 1 hóu marquis / lord 侯氏曰
384 1 xìng apricot 夏取棗杏之火
385 1 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 孔子固未嘗如此
386 1 yōng a boil / a carbuncle 小則吮癰舐痔
387 1 zàng to bury the dead 既葬
388 1 xiǎo xiao 猶患門人未能盡曉
389 1 nèi inside / interior 色厲而內荏
390 1 bào to embrace / to hold in arms / to hug 抱也
391 1 bàng to slander / to defame / to speak ill of 謗毀也
392 1 不和 bùhé not to get along well / to be on bad terms / to be at odds / discord 乖便不和
393 1 人性 rénxìng humanity 人性本善
394 1 zhù to inject / to pour into 注讀作愿是也
395 1 to bow down / to face down / to look down 故必俯而就之
396 1 道外 dàowài Daowai 蓋道外無身
397 1 齊家 qíjiā to govern one's family / to manage one's household 所言皆修身齊家之事
398 1 coarse / rough 麤衰
399 1 què honest 荀子原愨
400 1 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 匏瓜繫於一處而不能飲食
401 1 知者 zhī zhě the wise 惡徼以為知者
402 1 不通 bùtōng illogical 不通也
403 1 不甘 bùgān unreconciled to / not resigned to / unwilling 食旨不甘
404 1 zhòng heavy 重出
405 1 jìng still / calm 聖人一動一靜
406 1 wén writing / text 蓋衍文耳
407 1 琴瑟 qínsè qin and se, two string instruments that play in perfect harmony / marital harmony 琴瑟也
408 1 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 若可陷可罔之類
409 1 yóu tinder 秋取柞楢之火
410 1 gěi to give 捷給
411 1 美德 měidé virtue 六言皆美德
412 1 ào island 故氣岙之偏者亦謂之疾
413 1 zuò to do 一作饋
414 1 zào tense / excited / irritable 躁率也
415 1 身為 shēnwèi in the capacity of / as 親於其身為不善者
416 1 xià summer 夏取棗杏之火
417 1 所見 suǒjiàn what one seen / all one sees 而一物無所見
418 1 ěr to be near / to be close / to be recent 邇之事父
419 1 荀子 Xúnzǐ Xunzi / Hsun Tzu 荀子原愨
420 1 yáo Yao 古堯反
421 1 zào black 染皁物
422 1 專事 zhuānshì specialized 遺其本而專事其末
423 1 zhōu congee / gruel / porridge 食粥
424 1 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 嘗囚季桓子而專國政
425 1 cún to exist / to survive 則心存而理得矣
426 1 miǎn to encourage 勉人及時遷善改過也
427 1 wall 穿壁
428 1 an analogy / a simile / a metaphor / an allegory 惜乎其終不喻也
429 1 zuò oak 秋取柞楢之火
430 1 為難 wéinán to make things difficult for 唯女子與小人為難養也
431 1 不復 bùfù to not go back 不復與辯
432 1 shì to match 言無適而不然
433 1 夷狄 yídí foreign countries 猶所謂雖之夷狄不可棄者
434 1 fán ordinary / common 凡二十六章
435 1 不行 bùxíng will not do / will not work 言道既不行
436 1 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 豈待言而顯哉
437 1 有用 yǒuyòng useful 如有用我者
438 1 篤信 dǔxìn devotion and honesty 嘉子游之篤信
439 1 柔弱 róuruò weak / delicate 柔弱也
440 1 shì to lick 小則吮癰舐痔
441 1 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding 一則知人之智也
442 1 suí to follow 隨問而對者
443 1 守身 shǒushēn to keep oneself pure / to preserve one's integrity / to remain chaste 君子守身之常法
444 1 preface / introduction 禮只是一箇序
445 1 惡人 èrén an evil-doer / a malefactor / an ugly person 所謂唯仁者能惡人也
446 1 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 所諫反
447 1 可見 kějiàn can be understood 不待言而可見
448 1 之下 zhīxià below / under 謂之下愚
449 1 to make an analogy / to use as a simile / to give an example / for example / 譬諸小人
450 1 反亂 fǎnluàn an armed rebellion 而反亂乎德
451 1 luò Luo 下音洛
452 1 wood / lumber 取火之木也
453 1 liǔ willow 春取榆柳之火
454 1 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 言期年則天運一周
455 1 二十六 èrshíliù 26 / twenty-six 凡二十六章
456 1 從事 cóngshì to deal with / to handle / to do 好從事而亟失時
457 1 傷害 shānghài to injure / to harm 謂傷害於物
458 1 suì age 歲不我與
459 1 qiē to cut / to mince / to slice / to carve 此亦開示子貢之切
460 1 相聚 xiāngjù to meet together / to assemble 不能一日相聚而為盜也
461 1 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 然賢者之情則無窮也
462 1 xiáng detailed / complete / thorough 學者詳之
463 1 xīng a star / a planet 譬如日星之明
464 1 據理 jùlǐ according to reason 故直據理答之
465 1 識得 shíde to know 學者須要識得
466 1 新編 xīnbiān to compile anew / new (version) / newly set up (part of an organization) 新編諸子集成
467 1 qiū fall / autumn 秋取柞楢之火
468 1 無可無不可 wúkě wúbù kě neither for nor against / indifferent 而後無可無不可
469 1 proper / suitable / appropriate 所宜盡心也
470 1 中華書局 Zhōnghuá shūjú Zhonghua Book Company 中華書局
471 1 體大 tǐ dà great in substance 皆與前後文體大不相似
472 1 to ward off with hand / to defend 惟自暴者拒之以不信
473 1 善言 shànyán good words 雖聞善言
474 1 明白 míngbai to understand / to realize 則可謂至明白矣
475 1 是非 shìfēi right and wrong 故問焉以質其是非
476 1 base / foundation 音基
477 1 a chair / a seat 且如置此兩椅
478 1 clothes / dress / garment 芳服反
479 1 yǐn to hide / to conceal 此與前篇無隱之意相發
480 1 弒父 shìfù patricide / to kill one's own father 大則弒父與君
481 1 fāng fragrant 芳服反
482 1 疏食 shūshí a coarse meal 疏食
483 1 日月 rì yuè the sun and moon 日月逝矣
484 1 救國 jiùguó to save the nation 不救國之迷亂
485 1 to insult / to ridicule / to disgrace 恭則不侮
486 1 guān an office 祖官反
487 1 揚雄 Yáng Xióng Yang Xiong 揚雄謂孔子於陽貨也
488 1 jìng a narrow path 謂徑行自遂
489 1 to be attached to / be subordinate to / to be affilitated with 亦謂僕隸下人也
490 1 dòng to move / to act 聖人一動一靜
491 1 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 末世滋偽
492 1 secret / hidden / confidential 許密反
493 1 father's elder brother / uncle 子謂伯魚曰
494 1 day of the month / a certain day 譬如日星之明
495 1 倚仗 yǐzhàng to lean on / to rely on 倚仗也
496 1 bào newspaper 為足以報其親也
497 1 ancestor / forefather 祖官反
498 1 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 特以聖人為之中制而不敢過
499 1 chūn spring 春取榆柳之火
500 1 相似 xiāngsì similar 皆與前後文體大不相似

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 191 zhī him / her / them / that 而往拜之
2 147 also / too 孔子時其亡也
3 85 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而往拜之
4 74 his / hers / its / theirs 孔子時其亡也
5 59 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 將者
6 56 yuē to speak / to say 謂孔子曰
7 55 otherwise / but / however 則往拜其門
8 52 so as to / in order to 貨以禮
9 44 not / no 而孔子不往
10 42 yán to speak / to say / said 予與爾言
11 37 wèi for / to 然不過欲使助己為亂耳
12 35 in / at 大夫有賜於士
13 33 è evil / vice 固有美惡之不同矣
14 29 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故瞰孔子之亡而歸之豚
15 27 final particle 日月逝矣
16 27 yǒu is / are / to exist 大夫有賜於士
17 25 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 陽貨欲見孔子
18 25 子曰 zǐyuē Confucius says 子曰
19 22 rén person / people / a human being 人之氣質相近之中
20 22 and 予與爾言
21 20 this / these 此所謂性
22 20 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 季氏家臣
23 19 expresses question or doubt 可謂仁乎
24 18 child / son 嘗囚季桓子而專國政
25 17 also / too 而亦非不欲仕也
26 17 no 言之孫而亦無所詘也
27 17 desire 陽貨欲見孔子
28 16 夫子 fūzǐ master 夫子莞爾而笑
29 16 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子學道則愛人
30 16 wèi to call 謂孔子曰
31 15 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 華版反
32 15 wǎng to go (in a direction) 而往拜之
33 15 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 唯上知與下愚不移
34 14 shì is / are / am / to be 則性即是理
35 14 zāi exclamatory particle 何相近之有哉
36 13 yān where / how 所謂下愚有二焉
37 13 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必時其亡而往者
38 13 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 貨語皆譏孔子而諷使速仕
39 13 nián year 三年之喪
40 13 a man / a male adult 夫召我者而豈徒哉
41 12 zhī to know 可謂知乎
42 12 sān three 士之品大概有三
43 12 one 一作饋
44 12 yǒng brave / courageous 好勇不好學
45 12 xué to study / to learn 皆不可以不學
46 11 female / feminine 女聞六言六蔽矣乎
47 11 hǎo good 好從事而亟失時
48 11 去聲 qùshēng falling tone / fourth tone 並去聲
49 11 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 雖聖人與居
50 11 fēi not / non- / un- 而亦非不欲仕也
51 11 I / me / my 歲不我與
52 11 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 言之孫而亦無所詘也
53 11 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal 六蔽
54 10 yīn sound / noise 音悅
55 10 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 貨以禮
56 10 zǎi to slaughter 時子游為武城宰
57 10 yòu again / also 又有美惡一定
58 10 can / may / permissible 則無不可移
59 10 rán correct / right / certainly 然不過欲使助己為亂耳
60 10 what / where / which 何相近之有哉
61 9 jiàn to see 陽貨欲見孔子
62 9 wén to hear 聞弦歌之聲
63 9 huò goods / products / commodities 陽貨第十七
64 9 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 但習於善則善
65 9 shí time / a period of time 孔子時其亡也
66 9 所謂 suǒwèi so-called 此所謂性
67 9 shī to lose 好從事而亟失時
68 9 Germany 德之賊也
69 9 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 樂云樂云
70 9 xíng to walk / to move 行是五者
71 9 sàng to lose / to die 三年之喪
72 9 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 小人學道則易使也
73 9 wèn to ask 隨問而對者
74 9 子路 zǐlù Zi Lu 子路不說
75 8 xīn heart 則心存而理得矣
76 8 huǒ fire / flame 鑽燧改火
77 8 such as / for example / for instance 如字
78 8 無不 wúbù not lacking 理無不善
79 8 hair 剛之發
80 8 xià next 唯上知與下愚不移
81 8 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可
82 8 shàng top / a high position 唯上知與下愚不移
83 8 使 shǐ to make / to cause 貨語皆譏孔子而諷使速仕
84 8 天下 tiānxià China 聖人以天下無不可有為之人
85 8 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 患得之
86 8 de potential marker 寬則得眾
87 7 zhǐ to stop / to halt 故問此以止夫子之行
88 7 suī although / even though 雖其善意
89 7 reason / logic / truth 理之直也
90 7 shì matter / thing / item 謂不及事幾之會
91 7 dào way / road / path 言道既不行
92 7 xìng gender 此所謂性
93 7 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene
94 7 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 於女安乎
95 7 to take / to get / to fetch 取瑟而歌
96 7 ěr ear 但不仕於貨耳
97 7 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 故以為德之賊而深惡之
98 7 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋道外無身
99 7 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能化而入也
100 7 zhèng upright / straight 其猶正牆面而立也與
101 7 zhí straight 故直據理答之
102 7 disease / sickness / ailment 古者民有三疾
103 7 而言 éryán with regard to (preceding phrase) 兼氣質而言者也
104 7 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 不終絕也
105 6 yóu to swim 時子游為武城宰
106 6 běn measure word for books 非言性之本也
107 6 chēng to call / to address 欲其稱也
108 6 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今也或是之亡也
109 6 子貢 Zǐ Gòng Zi Gong 子貢曰
110 6 shí food / food and drink 焉能繫而不食
111 6 naturally / of course / certainly 惟自暴者拒之以不信
112 6 yóu also / as if / still 猶所謂雖之夷狄不可棄者
113 6 不為 bùwéi to not do 自棄者絕之以不為
114 6 huái bosom / breast 懷其寶而迷其邦
115 6 zhū all / many / various 遇諸塗
116 6 yáng sun 陽貨第十七
117 6 rén a kernel / a pit 可謂仁乎
118 6 a period of time / phase / stage 期已久矣
119 6 Buddha / Awakened One 佛肸召
120 6 ancient / old / palaeo- 古者民有三疾
121 6 dào to rob / to steal 乃能為盜
122 6 禮樂 lǐlè rites and music 以禮樂為教
123 6 yún cloud 禮云禮云
124 6 程子 chéngzǐ a period of time 程子曰
125 6 yuǎn far / distant 習相遠也
126 6 xìn to believe / to trust 吾未之信也
127 6 qīn relatives 親於其身為不善者
128 6 how can it be that? 夫召我者而豈徒哉
129 6 already / afterwards 末之也已
130 6 不好 bù hǎo not good 好仁不好學
131 6 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 但眾人多不能用
132 6 to spread out 佛肸召
133 6 already / since 言道既不行
134 6 luàn chaotic / disorderly 然不過欲使助己為亂耳
135 5 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小笑貌
136 5 sūn Sun 言之孫而亦無所詘也
137 5 to fly 習相遠也
138 5 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 又皆所以救其偏也
139 5 lín phosphorus 磨而不磷
140 5 下同 xiàtóng similarly hereinafter 下同
141 5 zhāng a chapter / a section 凡二十六章
142 5 tiān day 天何言哉
143 5 to give 予與爾言
144 5 duì to / toward 隨問而對者
145 5 jìng to respect /to honor 敬所不敬
146 5 而已 éryǐ that is all 皆生於患失而已
147 5 idea 若不諭其意者
148 5 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 習相遠也
149 5 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 子路不說
150 5 shēn deep 故夫子驟聞而深喜之
151 5 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 自棄者絕之以不為
152 5 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 以禮樂為教
153 5 shēng to be born / to give birth 皆生於患失而已
154 5 thing / matter 染皁物
155 5 niè Nirvāṇa / Nibbāna / Nirvana 涅而不緇
156 5 zhì sign / mark / flag 感發志意
157 5 kuáng insane / mad 其蔽也狂
158 5 dialect / language / speech 貨語皆譏孔子而諷使速仕
159 5 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若不諭其意者
160 5 shī poem / verse 何莫學夫詩
161 5 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 身詘矣而可以信道
162 5 I 吾將仕矣
163 4 past / former times 昔者偃也聞諸夫子曰
164 4 to enter 不能化而入也
165 4 yuán source / origin 鄉原
166 4 míng measure word for people 名虎
167 4 ěr thus / so / like that 予與爾言
168 4 qiě moreover / also 且然而未必之辭
169 4 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公山弗擾以費畔
170 4 residence / dwelling 雖聖人與居
171 4 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 吾將仕矣
172 4 bài to bow / to pay respect to 而往拜之
173 4 jiāo to steal 惡徼以為知者
174 4 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 公山弗擾以費畔
175 4 yòng to use / to apply 何必用此大道也
176 4 chū to go out / to leave 重出
177 4 jìn nearby 性相近也
178 4 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 而不察其天理流行之實
179 4 bìng and / furthermore / also 並去聲
180 4 to doubt / to disbelieve 故疑而問之
181 4 五者 wǔ zhě fifth / the fifth is 能行五者於天下
182 4 self 欲令孔子來見己
183 4 to grind 皆可漸磨而進也
184 4 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 孔子固未嘗如此
185 4 Tu 遇諸塗
186 4 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 蓋因子張所不足而言耳
187 4 shí knowledge / understanding 多識於鳥獸草木之名
188 4 zéi thief 其蔽也賊
189 4 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 遠之事君
190 4 之中 zhīzhōng inside 人之氣質相近之中
191 4 néng can / able 焉能繫而不食
192 4 apprentice / disciple 夫召我者而豈徒哉
193 4 小子 xiǎozi a boy 小子
194 4 shí real / true 而自實其戲也
195 4 shì an official 吾將仕矣
196 4 to cover 惡利口之覆邦家者
197 4 dàng to toss about / to swing / to rock 其蔽也蕩
198 4 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 范氏曰
199 4 shàn to curse / to abuse 惡居下流而訕上者
200 4 guī to go back / to return 歸孔子豚
201 4 a drama / a play / a show 前言戲之耳
202 4 氣質 qìzhì temperament / nature 兼氣質而言者也
203 4 gāng just / barely / exactly 好剛不好學
204 4 wáng to die 孔子時其亡也
205 4 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 且然而未必之辭
206 4 letter / symbol / character 如字
207 3 black silk 涅而不緇
208 3 yáng Yang 楊氏曰
209 3 yuàn to blame / to complain 可以怨
210 3 以此 yǐcǐ hence 故告之以此
211 3 孟子 Mèng Zǐ Mencius / Mengzi 孟子之言性善是也
212 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 吾未之信也
213 3 district / county 故邑人皆弦歌也
214 3 clothes / clothing 衣夫錦
215 3 meaning / sense 義也
216 3 jǐng to alert / to warn 故夫子發此以警之
217 3 dàn but / yet / however 但不仕於貨耳
218 3 jié to accuse / to pry 惡訐以為直者
219 3 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 惡利口之覆邦家者
220 3 páo a gourd / a calabash 吾豈匏瓜也哉
221 3 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 惠則足以使人
222 3 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 蓋因子張所不足而言耳
223 3 無禮 wúlǐ rude 天下無一物無禮樂
224 3 season / period 季氏家臣
225 3 穿 chuān to dress / to wear 其猶穿窬之盜也與
226 3 不忍 bù rěn cannot bear to / disturbed 自得其所以不忍者
227 3 end / final stage / latter part 末之也已
228 3 xián virtuous / worthy 以賢為不肖
229 3 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 而常畏人知也
230 3 shàng still / yet / to value 君子尚勇乎
231 3 a whetstone 色厲而內荏
232 3 jué absolutely 不終絕也
233 3 bāng nation / country / state 懷其寶而迷其邦
234 3 to move / to shift / to remove 而非習之所能移者
235 3 何必 hébì why 何必用此大道也
236 3 武城 wǔchéng Wucheng 子之武城
237 3 big / great / huge / large / major 大則弒父與君
238 3 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 因言其治小邑
239 3 gǒu in a sordid way 人苟以善自治
240 3 rustic / low / base / mean 鄙夫可與事君也與哉
241 3 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 無序便乖
242 3 父母 fùmǔ parents / mother and father 父母之喪
243 3 qiáng wall 其猶正牆面而立也與
244 3 zhì to / until 言即其至近之地
245 3 ài to love 予也有三年之愛於其父母乎
246 3 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 與愿同
247 3 mín the people / citizen / subjects 細民也
248 3 學者 xuézhě scholar 學者須要識得
249 3 promptly / right away / immediately 則性即是理
250 3 zhì to stop up / to obstruct 惡果敢而窒者
251 3 wéi only / solely / alone 惟自暴者拒之以不信
252 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 此章盡之
253 3 平聲 píng shēng first tone 平聲
254 3 可謂 kěwèi it could even be said 可謂仁乎
255 3 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 昔者由也聞諸夫子曰
256 3 gain / advantage / benefit 惡利口之覆邦家者
257 3 urgently / immediately / extremely 好從事而亟失時
258 3 to bend / to violate / to go against 往往強戾而才力有過人者
259 3 míng bright / brilliant 然徒好之而不學以明其理
260 3 xiāng village / township 鄉原
261 3 to bend / to stoop / to crouch 言之孫而亦無所詘也
262 3 百物 bǎiwù all things 百物生焉
263 3 wěi yes 唯上知與下愚不移
264 3 nán south 女為周南召南矣乎
265 3 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 然以其初而言
266 3 tīng to listen 必相聽順
267 3 gǎi to change / to alter 知其必不能改故也
268 3 you / thou 音汝
269 3 jīn to pity / feel sorry for 古之矜也廉
270 3 rěn mint / perilla 色厲而內荏
271 3 gōng respectful / polite / reverent
272 3 富貴 fùguì riches and honor 富貴不足以累其心
273 3 lái to come 欲令孔子來見己
274 3 měi beautiful 固有美惡之不同矣
275 3 shēn human body / torso 為詘身以信道
276 3 and 和而不流
277 3 周南 zhōunán Zhou Nan 女為周南召南矣乎
278 3 四時 sì shí the four seasons 四時行焉
279 3 六言 liùyán hexametric 此章與六言
280 3 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 可以觀
281 3 to support /to help 音扶
282 2 學道 xuédào examiner 君子學道則愛人
283 2 dào a rice paddy 食夫稻
284 2 liù six 六蔽
285 2 有為 yǒuwèi saṃskṛta / conditioned 聖人以天下無不可有為之人
286 2 未能 wèinéng to fail to 未能好學以明之也
287 2 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 欲令孔子來見己
288 2 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃結反
289 2 lián upright / honorable / honest 古之矜也廉
290 2 beard / mustache 胡氏曰
291 2 不然 bùrán or else / otherwise / if not 言無適而不然
292 2 huò or / either / else 或曰
293 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 有所疑於心而不敢強焉爾
294 2 天理 tiānlǐ tianli / the Principle of Heaven 而不察其天理流行之實
295 2 無序 wúxù random / disorderly / irregular 便是無序
296 2 a human or animal body 聖人體道之大權也
297 2 tài very / extremely 志願太高
298 2 responsibility / duty 而再言女安則為之以深責之
299 2 shǐ beginning / start 於是始相遠耳
300 2 忿 fèn get angry 今之矜也忿戾
301 2 妄作 wàngzuò rash conduct 詐則挾私妄作矣
302 2 guā melon / gourd / squash 吾豈匏瓜也哉
303 2 只是 zhǐshì merely / simply / only 禮只是一箇序
304 2 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 子路恐佛肸之浼夫子
305 2 shēng to ascend / to go up 新穀既升
306 2 a child 孺悲欲見孔子
307 2 rǎo to disturb / to annoy / to agitate 公山弗擾以費畔
308 2 xīng to flourish / to be popular 言興周道於東方
309 2 相近 xiāng jìn to be close to / to be similar to 何相近之有哉
310 2 信道 xìndào a signal path / a channel 為詘身以信道
311 2 měi to request / to to ask a favour of 子路恐佛肸之浼夫子
312 2 四十 sì shí forty 年四十而見惡焉
313 2 yǐn to govern 尹氏曰
314 2 yīn because 因言其治小邑
315 2 告之 gàozhī to tell / to inform 使還坐而告之
316 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 受以成布
317 2 改過 gǎiguò to correct / to fix 亦無不可改過之人
318 2 道德 dàodé moral / morality / ethics 謂懷藏道德
319 2 to read 讀是經者
320 2 to bewitch / to charm / to infatuate 懷其寶而迷其邦
321 2 yǎn to lie / to lay down 昔者偃也聞諸夫子曰
322 2 zhū vermilion 惡紫之奪朱也
323 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 則往拜其門
324 2 méi not have 舊穀既沒
325 2 valley / gorge / ravine 舊穀既沒
326 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 不得受於其家
327 2 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness
328 2 流行 liúxíng popular / fashionable / prevalent 而不察其天理流行之實
329 2 to give / to bestow favors 大夫有賜於士
330 2 gas / vapour / fumes 氣失其平則為疾
331 2 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 然後免於父母之懷
332 2 jiān hard / strong / firm 不曰堅乎
333 2 zuān to drill / to bore 鑽燧改火
334 2 huán big 嘗囚季桓子而專國政
335 2 hūn dusk / nightfall / twilight 雖昏愚之至
336 2 不善 bù shàn akuśala / akusala / unvirtuous / unwholesome / inauspicious 親於其身為不善者
337 2 一則 yīzé on the one hand 一則生物之仁
338 2 然而 ránér however / yet / but 且然而未必之辭
339 2 shēng sound 聞弦歌之聲
340 2 免於 miǎnyú to be saved from / to be spared 然後免於父母之懷
341 2 to exceed / to transcend / to cross over 踰牆
342 2 zhì matter / material / substance 然其質非必昏且愚也
343 2 yuè pleased 音悅
344 2 kǎo to examine / to test 然考其歸則誠愚也
345 2 easy / simple 小人學道則易使也
346 2 而立 érlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 其猶正牆面而立也與
347 2 莫非 mòfēi must be 莫非天理發見流行之實
348 2 lèi to be tired 功名不足以累其心
349 2 shén what 則皆不甚相遠也
350 2 qián to act with reverence 於虔反
351 2 to connect / to relate 焉能繫而不食
352 2 a small door or window / a hole in the wall to cut through a wall 其猶穿窬之盜也與
353 2 power / force / strength 往往強戾而才力有過人者
354 2 suì flint 鑽燧改火
355 2 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 懷其寶而迷其邦
356 2 pàn boundary path dividing fields 公山弗擾以費畔
357 2 能行 néngxíng ability to act 能行五者於天下
358 2 no 公山弗擾以費畔
359 2 kuān wide / broad
360 2 無言 wúyán to remain silent / to have nothing to say 予欲無言
361 2 rèn to bear / to undertake 信則人任焉
362 2 to raise animals 君子多識前言往行以畜其德
363 2 piān chapter / section / essay / article 詩首篇名
364 2 無義 wúyì without meaning / nonsense / immoral / faithless 君子有勇而無義為亂
365 2 有所 yǒusuǒ somewhat / to some extent 則各有所蔽
366 2 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 而不得其所以言
367 2 duān to carry 君子問更端
368 2 precious 玉帛云乎哉
369 2 bēi sadness / sorrow / grief 孺悲欲見孔子
370 2 gāo high / tall 謂窮高極廣而無所止
371 2 cháng to taste 嘗囚季桓子而專國政
372 2 鐘鼓 zhōnggǔ bell and drum / an ancient percussion instrument 鐘鼓云乎哉
373 2 qiáng strong / powerful 往往強戾而才力有過人者
374 2 suì to comply with / to follow along 謂徑行自遂
375 2 purple / violet 惡紫之奪朱也
376 2 莞爾 guānr to smile 夫子莞爾而笑
377 2 qiú to request 夫子欲宰我反求諸心
378 2 biàn to dispute / to debate / to argue / to discuss 不復與辯
379 2 guāi obedient / well-behaved 無序便乖
380 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 則國家之覆也不難矣
381 2 piān to be one-sided / leaning / to slant 又皆所以救其偏也
382 2 wèi position / location / place 以位言之
383 2 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 遇諸塗
384 2 門人 mén rén disciple 又以解門人之惑也
385 2 shuāi to weaken / to decline 傷俗之益衰也
386 2 cái just now 語其才則有下愚之不移
387 2 無所不至 wú suǒ bù zhì to reach everywhere / to stop at nothing / to do one's utmost 無所不至矣
388 2 a piece / general classifier 禮只是一箇序
389 2 liǎng two 只此兩字
390 2 mǐn fast / quick / clever / smart
391 2 大夫 dàifu doctor 大夫有賜於士
392 2 jǐn brocade / embroidered work 衣夫錦
393 2 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 豈惟賢者不如古哉
394 2 jiù to save / to rescue 又皆所以救其偏也
395 2 東周 Dōng Zhōu Eastern Zhou 吾其為東周乎
396 2 bái white 不曰白乎
397 2 博弈 bóyì games (such as chess, dice etc) / gambling / contest 不有博弈者乎
398 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 正而勝者常少
399 2 李氏 lǐshì the Korean Yi or Lee Dynasty 李氏曰
400 2 不如 bùrú not equal to / not as good as 人則不如是也
401 2 前言 qiányán a preface / a forward / an introduction 前言戲之耳
402 2 言語 yányǔ spoken language 學者多以言語觀聖人
403 2 miàn side / surface 其猶正牆面而立也與
404 2 to be fond of / to like 蓋喜之也
405 2 仁者 rénzhe compassionate one / benevolent one / a compassionate person 仁者無不愛
406 2 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 和而不流
407 2 biàn to change / to alter 知其人之終不可變而事之終不可為耳
408 2 居喪 jūsàng to observe the ritual mourning 恐居喪不習而崩壞也
409 2 jiā house / home / residence 不得受於其家
410 2 以是 yǐshì for that reason / therefore / for this reason 以是為非
411 2 color 色厲而內荏
412 2 shì a gentleman / a knight 大夫有賜於士
413 2 不待 bù dài not need 有不待言而著者
414 2 four 古之狂也肆
415 2 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 不得受於其家
416 2 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 食旨不甘
417 2 弦歌 xiángē to sing to a string accompaniment 聞弦歌之聲
418 2 shù to state / to tell / to narrate / to relate 則小子何述焉
419 2 tóng like / same / similar 與愿同
420 2 zhà to cheat / to swindle 今之愚也詐而已矣
421 2 功名 gōngmíng a scholarly honor / rank / achievement / fame / glory 功名不足以累其心
422 2 不移 bùyí steadfast / inalienable 唯上知與下愚不移
423 2 báo thin / slight / weak 薄也
424 2 tún a suckling pig 歸孔子豚
425 2 無所用心 wú suǒ yòngxīn not paying attention to anything / to idle time away 無所用心
426 2 鄉人 xiāngrén villager / fellow villager 鄉人之愿者也
427 2 to instruct / to expound / to explain 若不諭其意者
428 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 始食菜果
429 2 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 此與上章當合為一
430 2 不見 bújiàn to not see 孔子不見
431 2 silk / plain silk 玉帛云乎哉
432 2 special / unique / distinguished 特以聖人為之中制而不敢過
433 2 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 以賢為不肖
434 2 之類 zhī lèi and so on / and such 四惡之類
435 2 不仁 bùrén not benevolent / heartless / numb 予之不仁也
436 1 jiǎo to twist / to entangle / to wring / to hang 其蔽也絞
437 1 無二 wú èr advaya / nonduality / not two 則無二者之患矣
438 1 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 特以責宰我之無恩
439 1 zuò to sit 使還坐而告之
440 1 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 惡紫之奪朱也
441 1 xīn new / fresh / modern 新穀既升
442 1 至此 zhìcǐ up until now / so far 喪至此可止也
443 1 無道 wú dào tyrannical / brutal 身外無道
444 1 xiān fresh / new / delicious 鮮矣仁
445 1 method / way 學詩之法
446 1 義理 yìlǐ a doctrine / doctrinism / an argument within a paper 含蓄多少義理
447 1 含蓄 hánxù implicit / implied / unspoken / veiled / reserved 含蓄多少義理
448 1 dēng to rise / to mount / to board / to climb 登也
449 1 魯人 Lǔrén person from Shandong / often refers to Confucius / stupid person 魯人
450 1 譬如 pìrú for examlpe 譬如日星之明
451 1 móu barley 晉大夫趙氏之中牟宰也
452 1 to arise / to get up 則起而對
453 1 不信 bùxìn disbelief / lack of faith 惟自暴者拒之以不信
454 1 居處 jūchù a dwelling / a home 居處不安
455 1 huài bad / spoiled / broken / defective 禮必壞
456 1 不過 bùguò but / however 然不過欲使助己為亂耳
457 1 仲尼 Zhòng Ní Zhong Ni 仲尼之所謂下愚也
458 1 creeping / crawling 欲其有以跂而及之爾
459 1 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 與陽貨共執桓子
460 1 kàn to watch / to spy / to overlook / to look down 故瞰孔子之亡而歸之豚
461 1 鳥獸 niǎoshòu birds and beasts / fauna 多識於鳥獸草木之名
462 1 大小 dàxiǎo dimension / magnitude / size / measurement 治有大小
463 1 疑問 yíwèn to question / to query 其他則未免疑問
464 1 shǔn to suck with mouth / to sip / to lick 小則吮癰舐痔
465 1 zhī measure word for birds and certain animals, one of a pair, etc 只此兩字
466 1 遮掩 zhēyǎn to cover 遮掩也
467 1 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 固有美惡之不同矣
468 1 常言 chángyán a common saying 蓋夫子之常言
469 1 前後文 qiánhòuwén context / the surrounding words 皆與前後文體大不相似
470 1 已久 yǐjiǔ already a long time 期已久矣
471 1 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 蓋必有總屬
472 1 private 詐則挾私妄作矣
473 1 bìn to encoffin a corpse / to carry to burial 既殯
474 1 本心 běnxīn original intent 或能反求而終得其本心也
475 1 cái to cut out 許昌靳裁之有言曰
476 1 to grow / to multiply / to increase 末世滋偽
477 1 rèn edged tool / cutlery / knife edge 力刃反
478 1 wáng Wang 王氏曰
479 1 hóu marquis / lord 侯氏曰
480 1 xìng apricot 夏取棗杏之火
481 1 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 孔子固未嘗如此
482 1 yōng a boil / a carbuncle 小則吮癰舐痔
483 1 zhe indicates that an action is continuing 有不待言而著者
484 1 zàng to bury the dead 既葬
485 1 xiǎo xiao 猶患門人未能盡曉
486 1 nèi inside / interior 色厲而內荏
487 1 bào to embrace / to hold in arms / to hug 抱也
488 1 bàng to slander / to defame / to speak ill of 謗毀也
489 1 不和 bùhé not to get along well / to be on bad terms / to be at odds / discord 乖便不和
490 1 人性 rénxìng humanity 人性本善
491 1 zhù to inject / to pour into 注讀作愿是也
492 1 to bow down / to face down / to look down 故必俯而就之
493 1 道外 dàowài Daowai 蓋道外無身
494 1 齊家 qíjiā to govern one's family / to manage one's household 所言皆修身齊家之事
495 1 coarse / rough 麤衰
496 1 què honest 荀子原愨
497 1 周遍 zhōubiàn everywhere 則其心公平而周遍可知矣
498 1 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 匏瓜繫於一處而不能飲食
499 1 知者 zhī zhě the wise 惡徼以為知者
500 1 不通 bùtōng illogical 不通也

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
北京 Běijīng Beijing
道外 dàowài Daowai
道一 dàoyī Daoyi / Mazu Daoyi
东周 東周 Dōng Zhōu Eastern Zhou
东方 東方 dōngfāng The East / The Orient
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
孟子 Mèng Zǐ
  1. Mencius / Mengzi
  2. Mencius / Mengzi
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
四书章句集注 四書章句集注 Sìshū Zhāng Jù Jízhù Sishu Jizhu / Collected Annotations on the Four Books
武城 wǔchéng Wucheng
许昌 許昌 xǔchāng Xuchang
学道 學道 xuédào examiner
荀子 Xúnzǐ Xunzi / Hsun Tzu
扬雄 揚雄 Yáng Xióng Yang Xiong
yáo Yao
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
zhèng
  1. Zheng
  2. Zheng
中华书局 中華書局 Zhōnghuá shūjú Zhonghua Book Company
中牟 Zhōngmóu Zhongmou
周南 zhōunán Zhou Nan
子贡 子貢 Zǐ Gòng Zi Gong
子张 子張 zǐ zhāng Zi Zhang
子路 zǐlù Zi Lu
作愿 作願 zuòyuàn Head Rector

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English