Glossary and Vocabulary for History of Ming 《明史》, 卷一百四十九 列傳第三十七 蹇義 夏原吉 Volume 149 Biographies 37: Jian Yi, Xia Yuanji

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 78 Ji 蹇義夏原吉
2 73 yuán source / origin 蹇義夏原吉
3 55 supreme ruler / emperor 帝問
4 42 yuē to speak / to say
5 37 meaning / sense 蹇義夏原吉
6 28 shì matter / thing / item 奏事稱旨
7 23 to give / to bestow favors 手書賜之
8 20 rén person / people / a human being 巴人
9 19 yán to speak / to say / said 義從容言曰
10 19 nián year 洪武十八年進士
11 16 shí time / a period of time 是時齊泰
12 15 mìng life 特命滿九載
13 13 sān three 滿三載當遷
14 12 shǎo few 首進義少保
15 12 desire 今必欲盡復者
16 12 qīng minister / high officer 卿以先朝舊臣
17 11 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 永樂二年兼太子詹事
18 11 wèn to ask 帝問
19 11 guān an office 帝及太子皆遣官賜祭
20 11 shū book 授中書舍人
21 11 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 進尚書
22 11 shì a gentleman / a knight 俞士吉李文郁鄒師顏
23 10 mín the people / citizen / subjects 黜文武長吏擾民者數人
24 10 zhōng middle 授中書舍人
25 10 to reach 帝及太子皆遣官賜祭
26 9 chén minister / statesman / official 時舊臣見親用者
27 9 xíng to walk / to move 條興革數十事奏行之
28 9 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 黃子澄當國
29 9 jiǎn lame / cripple / unfortunate / slow / difficult 蹇義夏原吉
30 9 to enter 燕師入
31 9 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 七年詔有司為義營新第於文明門內
32 9 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 惠帝既即位
33 8 róng glory / honor 楊榮嘗毀義
34 8 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 所更易者悉罷之
35 8 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 超擢吏部右侍郎
36 8 zài in / at 朝夕在朕左右討論至理
37 8 戶部 hùbù Ministry of Revenue 戶部尚書夏原吉與義齊名
38 8 increase / benefit 不懈益恭
39 8 yòng to use / to apply 朕且用義
40 8 shī teacher 俞士吉李文郁鄒師顏
41 8 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 有請召民佃水退淤田益賦者
42 8 zhèn to shake / to shock 以太子曲宥呂震婿主事張鶴朝參失儀
43 8 明年 míngnián next year 明年
44 7 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 達治體
45 7 tóng like / same / similar 尋命與英國公輔及原吉同監修
46 7 child / son 黃子澄當國
47 7 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋命與英國公輔及原吉同監修
48 7 to help / to assist 命輔皇太子監國
49 7 jiā house / home / residence 不恤身家
50 7 to criticize 命義等四人議天下官吏軍民建言章奏
51 7 xià summer 蹇義夏原吉
52 7 děng et cetera / and so on 卿等皆祖宗遺老
53 7 cháng to taste 士奇嘗於帝前謂義曰
54 7 qǐng to ask / to inquire 原吉請循禹三江入海故跡
55 7 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 與大臣密議
56 7 guī to go back / to return 十七年以父喪歸
57 7 jìn to enter 進尚書
58 6 xīn new / fresh / modern 七年詔有司為義營新第於文明門內
59 6 zhào an imperial decree 詔起復
60 6 jiān to supervise / to inspect 命輔皇太子監國
61 6 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 由是朝夕侍左右
62 6 御史 yùshǐ a censor 復使僉都御史俞士吉賫水利書賜之
63 6 shǔ to count 因舉數事陳說本末
64 6 wén writing / text 俞士吉李文郁鄒師顏
65 6 chēng to call / to address 奏事稱旨
66 6 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 帝親宴二人便殿
67 6 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 帝親宴二人便殿
68 6 anger / rage / fury 帝怒
69 6 to die 遂卒
70 6 xún to patrol / to make one's rounds 帝巡北京
71 6 zhòng heavy 帝與太子俱愛重之
72 6 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 時方務反建文之政
73 6 néng can / able 能委曲導意
74 6 xuān to declare / to announce 宣宗即位
75 6 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 帝稱善
76 6 èr two 永樂二年兼太子詹事
77 6 liǎng two 兩京肇建
78 5 prison 逮義系錦衣衛獄
79 5 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 輒遣義
80 5 affairs / business / matter / activity 時方務反建文之政
81 5 qiān to move / to shift 滿三載當遷
82 5 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 國家大事輒令詳議
83 5 仁宗 Rén Zōng Emperor Renzong of Yuan 仁宗即位
84 5 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 三月而陵成
85 5 a musical note 以太子曲宥呂震婿主事張鶴朝參失儀
86 5 sūn Sun 輔太孫留守北京
87 5 cháo to face 卿以先朝舊臣
88 5 bīn a guest / a visitor 兵部尚書方賓
89 5 strange / unusual / uncanny 時惟楊士奇亦得賜
90 5 běi north 大起北都宮闕
91 5 qīn relatives 時舊臣見親用者
92 5 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂卒
93 5 elegant 俞士吉李文郁鄒師顏
94 5 yáng Yang 時惟楊士奇亦得賜
95 5 zhèng government / administration 時方務反建文之政
96 5 to connect / to relate 逮義系錦衣衛獄
97 5 jìng to pacify 靖難
98 5 jiù old / ancient 時舊臣見親用者
99 5 zhuó to pull out 超擢吏部右侍郎
100 5 zòu to present / to offer 奏事稱旨
101 5 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 創制
102 5 shuǐ water 言水雖由故道入海
103 5 Yu 俞士吉李文郁鄒師顏
104 5 shàng top / a high position 上接太湖
105 5 nán difficult / arduous / hard 行之而難繼者
106 4 wén to hear 左右莫得聞
107 4 rěn to bear / to endure / to tolerate 吾何忍獨適
108 4 a tutor / a teacher 傅堯俞之遇人以誠
109 4 shì to attend on 由是朝夕侍左右
110 4 使 shǐ to make / to cause 明年充采訪使
111 4 zāi disaster / calamity 三殿災
112 4 sàng to lose / to die 軍馬儲蓄十喪八九
113 4 帝命 dì mìng an imperial decree 帝命跪午門外質辨
114 4 to take / to get / to fetch 皆取給戶曹
115 4 dìng to decide 謚忠定
116 4 永樂 Yǒng Lè Emperor Yong Le 永樂二年兼太子詹事
117 4 jūn army / military 預軍中機務
118 4 西 The West 浙西大水
119 4 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 以蔭為尚寶司丞
120 4 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 原吉固辭
121 4 zhāng a chapter / a section 賜銀章一
122 4 proper / suitable / appropriate 字宜之
123 4 ministry / department 數奉命兼理他部事
124 4 can / may / permissible 可輟所務
125 4 to bestow on / to endow with 偕義等詳定賦役諸制
126 4 Li 俞士吉李文郁鄒師顏
127 4 滿 mǎn full 滿三載當遷
128 4 北京 Běijīng Beijing 帝巡北京
129 4 jiàn to see 時舊臣見親用者
130 4 hòu thick 尤厚倚之
131 4 líng mound / hill / mountain 時方修獻陵
132 4 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 義不能答
133 4 bīng soldier / troops 兵革初定
134 4 liú Liu 有劉郎中者
135 4 大理 Dàlǐ Dali 大理少卿袁復為之副
136 4 zōng school / sect 宣宗即位
137 4 láo to toil 帝又念義監國時舊勞
138 4 jīng Beijing 兩京肇建
139 4 reason / logic / truth 數奉命兼理他部事
140 4 idea 推太祖意
141 4 xiào to smile / to laugh 帝笑曰
142 4 shì to release / to set free 又明年春得釋
143 4 南京 Nánjīng Nanjing 尋從還南京
144 4 建文 Jiàn Wén Emperor Jian Wen 時方務反建文之政
145 4 wài outside 外興大師
146 4 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 推太祖意
147 4 gěi to give 給牛種
148 4 yín silver 賜銀章一
149 4 zhè Zhejiang 浙西大水
150 4 service 偕義等詳定賦役諸制
151 4 one 賜銀章一
152 4 zàn to praise 贊襄治理
153 3 fèi fee / expenses 賞費於一時
154 3 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 帝征樂安
155 3 xìn to believe / to trust 原吉皆以元老為中外所信
156 3 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 七年詔有司為義營新第於文明門內
157 3 cǎi to pick / to pluck / to collect / to select / to choose / to gather 明年充采訪使
158 3 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷進少師
159 3 wàn ten thousand 發粟三十萬石
160 3 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 官湘陰教諭
161 3 a government official / a magistrate 黜文武長吏擾民者數人
162 3 tīng to listen 帝不聽
163 3 xiào result / effect 有司治不效
164 3 hòu after / later 汝蹇叔後乎
165 3 yuán a robe 大理少卿袁復為之副
166 3 to smear / to defile / to make dirty 吏汙所服金織賜衣
167 3 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 原吉能佐尚書理部事
168 3 成祖 Chéngzǔ Chengzu / Emperor Yong Le 成祖即位
169 3 chuán to transmit 帝有所傳諭太子
170 3 jiǔ nine 特命滿九載
171 3 Soviet Union
172 3 to beg / to request 乞遣將往征
173 3 tōng to go through / to open 袁復及左通政趙居任往振
174 3 chì an imperial decree 敕廷臣二十六人巡行天下
175 3 zōu Zou 俞士吉李文郁鄒師顏
176 3 suàn to count / to calculate / to figure 堂後書算生
177 3 主事 zhǔshì heads of affairs 以太子曲宥呂震婿主事張鶴朝參失儀
178 3 yòu to forgive / to pardon / to indulge 以太子曲宥呂震婿主事張鶴朝參失儀
179 3 shěng province 省賦役
180 3 ancient / old / palaeo- 古之遺愛也
181 3 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 輒遣義
182 3 zhōng loyalty / devotion 謚忠定
183 3 shǐ beginning / start 始益崇侈雲
184 3 to examine into / to impeach / to charge 會新劾諸司怠事者
185 3 shí food / food and drink 兼食二祿
186 3 祿 good fortune 兼食二祿
187 3 中外 zhōngwài Sino-foreign / Chinese-foreign 中外稱曰
188 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 外興大師
189 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今必欲盡復者
190 3 yán color 俞士吉李文郁鄒師顏
191 3 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 何過慮
192 3 bǎo to defend / to protect 首進義少保
193 3 shí ten 條興革數十事奏行之
194 3 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 選入禁中書制誥
195 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 前改者固不當
196 3 seven 七年
197 3 zhǐ to stop / to halt 原吉馳疏止之
198 3 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 滿三載當遷
199 3 alone / independent / single / sole 吾何忍獨適
200 3 xīn heart 所謂先人有奪人之心也
201 3 cáo Cao 曹務叢脞
202 3 letter / symbol / character 字宜之
203 3 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 三年從巡邊還
204 3 北征 běizhēng punitive expedition to the north 帝北征還
205 3 to ferry 知朕君臣共濟艱難
206 3 郎中 lángzhōng Langzhong 有劉郎中者
207 3 頓首 dùnshǒu kowtow 容頓首不敢對
208 3 to calculate / to compute / to count 非經久計
209 3 xiū to decorate / to embellish 尋命與英國公輔及原吉同監修
210 3 rèn to bear / to undertake 袁復及左通政趙居任往振
211 3 xiè to let out 以時蓄泄
212 3 gōng merit 比年師出無功
213 3 day of the month / a certain day 日侍左右
214 3 power / force / strength 蠲逋負以寬民力
215 3 jiā to add 將何以加
216 3 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 帝命鴻臚引震列其下
217 3 deputy / assistant / vice- 尋命侍郎李文郁為之副
218 3 píng flat / level / smooth 平賦役
219 3 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 貞一
220 3 shēng to be born / to give birth 堂後書算生
221 3 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 有請召民佃水退淤田益賦者
222 3 天下 tiānxià China 敕廷臣二十六人巡行天下
223 3 to arise / to get up 詔起復
224 3 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 內改制度
225 3 xuān xuan 平江伯陳瑄初亦惡原吉
226 3 liáng provisions 立命原吉出理開平糧儲
227 3 鞍馬 ān mǎ pommel horse 賜鞍馬甲胄弓劍
228 3 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 功臣封賞
229 3 rén a kernel / a pit 範景仁之不設城府
230 3 extra / surplus / remainder 建白三十余事
231 3 wěi to delegate / to commission 職務填委
232 3 shèn cautious 然過於周慎
233 3 xiàn to offer / to present 時方修獻陵
234 3 night 帝夜召諸臣議
235 3 zuǒ left 遷左侍郎
236 3 jiǔ old 久而後定
237 3 wǎng to go (in a direction) 遣醫往視
238 3 shǒu head 首進義少保
239 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 新持不可
240 3 yìn to stamp / to seal / to mark / to print 蹇忠貞印
241 3 jǐng sunlight 範景仁之不設城府
242 3 color 未嘗忤色
243 3 qián front 前改者固不當
244 3 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 時方務反建文之政
245 2 禮部 lǐbù Ministry of (Confucian) Rites 命兼攝行在禮部
246 2 è evil / vice 何惡也
247 2 biàn to distinguish / to recognize 帝命跪午門外質辨
248 2 yōu excellent / superior 傷朝廷優老待賢之禮
249 2 zhī to know 知朕君臣共濟艱難
250 2 to give 賚予甚厚
251 2 shì a posthumous name or title / funerary name 謚忠定
252 2 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 以蔭為尚寶司丞
253 2 to inherit 行之而難繼者
254 2 xié to harmonize 不能協贊大計
255 2 水利 shuǐlì water conservancy / irrigation works 復使僉都御史俞士吉賫水利書賜之
256 2 clothes / dress / garment 人皆悅服
257 2 zhí straight 帝不直榮
258 2 遺詔 yízhào posthumous edict (of former emperor) 帝欲遵遺詔從儉約
259 2 法王 Fǎ Wáng Buddha 西域法王來朝
260 2 nèi inside / interior 內改制度
261 2 以太 yǐtài Ether- 以太子曲宥呂震婿主事張鶴朝參失儀
262 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 今必欲盡復者
263 2 十八 shíbā eighteen 洪武十八年進士
264 2 chí to grasp / to hold 新持不可
265 2 xiáng detailed / complete / thorough 偕義等詳定賦役諸制
266 2 xiāng village / township 以鄉薦入太學
267 2 shū to remove obstructions 而支流未盡疏泄
268 2 shì a generation 傳之後世
269 2 hǎo good 張詠之不飾玩好
270 2 to lift / to hold up / to raise 因舉數事陳說本末
271 2 horse 義及給事中馬俊分巡應天諸府
272 2 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉左侍郎
273 2 to starve / to be hungry 浙西大饑
274 2 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 聖見高遠
275 2 dàn dawn 每旦
276 2 yòu right / right-hand 超擢吏部右侍郎
277 2 móu to plan / to scheme 帝疑長沙有通謀者
278 2 sōng to loosen / to relax 松農田大利
279 2 valley / gorge / ravine 谷幾何
280 2 yìn shade / shelter 以蔭為尚寶司丞
281 2 four 榮四人者皆已老
282 2 róng to hold / to contain 初名容
283 2 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 願陛下慎察
284 2 to send / to transmit / to mail 委寄益重
285 2 yuè to peruse / to review / to inspect 從閱武兔兒山
286 2 a ruler's seal 復賜璽書曰
287 2 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 獨不見李景隆已事耶
288 2 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 原吉請循禹三江入海故跡
289 2 to look after / to attend to 顧左右曰
290 2 不當 bùdàng unsuitable / improper / inappropriate 前改者固不當
291 2 niàn to read aloud 帝又念義監國時舊勞
292 2 手書 shǒushū to write personally / personal letter 手書賜之
293 2 chén Chen 平江伯陳瑄初亦惡原吉
294 2 drama / play / show / opera 不宜復典冗劇
295 2 艱難 jiānnán difficult 知朕君臣共濟艱難
296 2 誠篤 chéngdǔ honest / sincere and serious 帝嘉其誠篤
297 2 to move / to shift / to remove 移駐蘄州
298 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 至是乞歸終制
299 2 to protect / to guard 尚須調護
300 2 參政 cān zhèng to be involved in politics / participation in politics 復命陜西參政宋性佐之
301 2 gain / advantage / benefit 萬世之利也
302 2 dài idle / remiss / negligent 會新劾諸司怠事者
303 2 shì to look at / to see 義視原吉尤重厚
304 2 十九 shíjiǔ nineteen 十九年
305 2 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 傷朝廷優老待賢之禮
306 2 二十 èrshí twenty 二十余年
307 2 to take / to receive / to accept 在道隨事納忠
308 2 to rely on / to depend on 軍國事皆倚辦
309 2 三十 sān shí thirty 建白三十余事
310 2 to reply / to answer 義不能答
311 2 實錄 shílù Veritable Records / Chronicle of a Monarch / Shilu 太宗實錄
312 2 xián virtuous / worthy 傷朝廷優老待賢之禮
313 2 big / great / huge / large / major 浙西大饑
314 2 jùn to deepen / to extract / to manage / ladle 浚吳淞下流
315 2 hair 發粟三十萬石
316 2 zuì crime / sin / vice 罪義不匡正
317 2 疾苦 jíkǔ pain and difficulties / suffering 問軍民疾苦
318 2 eight 八年
319 2 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 陛下初嗣大寶
320 2 吏治 lìzhì government system / achievement in office 核吏治
321 2 suì age 連歲營建
322 2 太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy 歷官太常少卿
323 2 residence / dwelling 袁復及左通政趙居任往振
324 2 shǔ to sign 以嘗署戶部也
325 2 zàng to bury the dead 馳傳歸葬
326 2 jiū to investigate / to inspect / to entangle 繩愆糾繆
327 2 bǎi one hundred 增設武衛百司
328 2 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 望敬守祖宗成憲
329 2 不見 bújiàn to not see 皆不見敵
330 2 xiān first 卿以先朝舊臣
331 2 to flee / to run away / to leave a debt unsettled 蠲逋負以寬民力
332 2 shí a rock / a stone 發粟三十萬石
333 2 to die 吏叩頭請死
334 2 gāo high / tall 高皇帝養賢以貽朕
335 2 ài to love 帝與太子俱愛重之
336 2 martial / military 增設武衛百司
337 2 yuè pleased 人皆悅服
338 2 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 明年正月
339 2 chuàng to begin / to initiate / to inaugurate / to start / to create 創制
340 2 miǎn to spare 悉得免
341 2 yàn a feast / a banquet 帝親宴二人便殿
342 2 布衣 bùyī plain cotton clothing / the common people 原吉布衣徒步
343 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 處之裕如
344 2 a relay station 宣宗命驛舟送之
345 2 míng dark 君子不以冥冥墮行
346 2 xiào to be filial 姚廣孝還自浙西
347 2 zhòng many / numerous 原吉慮犯者眾
348 2 wáng Wang 國子博士王紳遺書責之
349 2 zhèn to flap 袁復及左通政趙居任往振
350 2 dào way / road / path 在道隨事納忠
351 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 容頓首不敢對
352 2 wéi dangerous / precarious 今黃髮危齒
353 2 Kangxi radical 177 條興革數十事奏行之
354 2 to attain / to reach 達治體
355 2 兵部 bīngbù Ministry of War 兵部
356 2 fàn to commit crime / to violate 原吉慮犯者眾
357 2 dǎo to lead / to guide / to conduct / to direct 能委曲導意
358 2 軍民 jūnmín army-civilian / military-masses / military-civilian 問軍民疾苦
359 2 huà painting / picture / drawing 日夜經畫
360 2 民間 mínjiān folk / civilian / community 觀民間疾苦
361 2 zuò to sit 原吉危坐儼然
362 2 qiān a fault / a transgression 繩愆糾繆
363 2 guǎng wide / large / vast 姚廣孝還自浙西
364 2 朝夕 zhāoxī morning and evening 由是朝夕侍左右
365 2 bēng to rupture / to split apart / to collapse 崩聞至之三日
366 2 zhé to punish / to demote 士吉謫為事官
367 2 clothes / clothing 褫其衣
368 2 to stop / to cease / to suspend 所更易者悉罷之
369 2 qiú to request 初以殿災詔求直言
370 2 xún sincere 退則恂恂若無預者
371 2 shì an official 仕至南京刑部侍郎
372 2 dialect / language / speech 未嘗一語傷物
373 2 shéng rope / string / cord 繩愆糾繆
374 2 to think over / to consider 何過慮
375 2 lài to bestow / to confer 賚予甚厚
376 2 shū to transport 供億轉輸以鉅萬萬計
377 2 elegant / graceful / refined 帝雅善繪事
378 2 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 帝指二人謂群臣曰
379 2 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 原吉入佐太孫參決庶務
380 2 miào Miao 繩愆糾繆
381 2 zèng to give a present 贈太師
382 2 bàn to do / to manage / to handle / to go about / to run / to deal with 軍國事皆倚辦
383 2 致仕 zhìshì to retire from a government post 致仕
384 2 to console / to comfort 宜撫流亡
385 2 ér son 山東唐賽兒反
386 2 wèi to call 士奇嘗於帝前謂義曰
387 2 chí to go quickly or swiftly 原吉馳疏止之
388 2 chǔ to save / to deposit / to store 召原吉問邊儲多寡
389 2 shí real / true 具以實奏
390 2 祖宗 zǔzōng ancestor / forebear 卿等皆祖宗遺老
391 2 jiàn to recommend / to elect 以鄉薦入太學
392 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 觀民間疾苦
393 2 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor 贈太師
394 2 交阯 jiāozhǐ Jiaozhi 交阯平
395 2 to cry / to weep / to wail 哭而告之
396 2 京師 jīngshī a capital city 還京師
397 2 huì can / be able to 會新劾諸司怠事者
398 2 easy / simple 皆簡便易遵守
399 2 a human or animal body 達治體
400 2 yǐn to lead / to guide 以糧盡引還
401 2 ěr ear 恐鹵莽為後憂耳
402 2 to instruct / to expound / to explain 帝有所傳諭太子
403 2 wán to play / to amuse oneself / to have fun 張詠之不飾玩好
404 2 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 欺君病民
405 2 陛下 bì xià your majesty 願陛下慎察
406 2 zhǒng kind / type 給牛種
407 2 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 迨世宗營永陵
408 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 亦未悉當也
409 2 chāo paper money 賜鈔幣
410 2 to stand 立命原吉出理開平糧儲
411 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 榮四人者皆已老
412 2 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 迎附
413 2 huáng yellow 黃子澄當國
414 2 吳中 Wúzhōng Wuzhong 工部尚書吳中等議
415 2 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願陛下慎察
416 1 to bear / to carry 蠲逋負以寬民力
417 1 言官 yánguān Imperial Censor / Remonstrance Official 若言官得罪
418 1 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 況聖躬少安
419 1 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 宣宗命驛舟送之
420 1 mǐn fast / quick / clever / smart 父時敏
421 1 shī to lose 言雖失
422 1 cóng crowded together / thickset 曹務叢脞
423 1 liáo a bureaucrat / an official 善處僚友間
424 1 yuán personel / employee 臣等備員大臣
425 1 移時 yíshí for a while 召語移時
426 1 tuó a sack / a bag opening at both ends 帝取原吉橐糗嘗之
427 1 更易 gèngyì to replace 所更易者悉罷之
428 1 宣德 Xuāndé Emperor Xuande 宣德初
429 1 功臣 gōngchén a minister who has given outstanding service 功臣封賞
430 1 dōng winter 十九年冬
431 1 吏部 lì bù personnel office / ministry of appointments 超擢吏部右侍郎
432 1 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 帝欲斬之
433 1 xìng fortunate / lucky 幸上憐之
434 1 bài to bow / to pay respect to 不拜
435 1 肅然 sùrán respectful / solemn / awed 京師肅然
436 1 shú cooked 義熟典故
437 1 敬慎 jìngshèn to be reverent and catious 小心敬慎
438 1 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 傅堯俞之遇人以誠
439 1 上書 shàngshū to write a letter (to the authorities) / to present a petition 上書言時政
440 1 六十五 liùshíwǔ 65 年六十五
441 1 建白 jiànbái to propose / to suggest / to state a view 建白三十余事
442 1 bǐng to grasp / to hold 義秉銓政
443 1 different / other 太祖诇而異之
444 1 to defend / to resist 帝每禦便殿闕門
445 1 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 反覆力諫
446 1 戶口 hùkǒu Hukou / registered residence 凡中外戶口
447 1 yǐn to drink 與同列飲他所
448 1 yǒu friend / companion 善處僚友間
449 1 hair 今黃髮危齒
450 1 a river / a stream 劉家河
451 1 mud / sediment 有請召民佃水退淤田益賦者
452 1 慰勞 wèiláo to show appreciation (by kind words, small gifts etc) / to comfort 慰勞有加
453 1 dǎi to arrest / to catch / to seize 逮義系錦衣衛獄
454 1 zuò to do 災眚叠作
455 1 soil / ground / land 而度地為閘
456 1 大舉 dàjǔ (do sth) on a large scale 帝將大舉征沙漠
457 1 five 五年正月
458 1 kuāng to correct / to restore / to revise 匡翼令主
459 1 後日 hòurì the close of day / evening 遷官為後日費
460 1 錦衣 jǐnyī apparel 詔以錦衣官校從
461 1 xiòng to spy / to give information 太祖诇而異之
462 1 陳說 chénshuō to state / to assert / to describe 因舉數事陳說本末
463 1 故道 gùdào an old road / old way / the old course of a river 言水雖由故道入海
464 1 guō Guo 郭琎代為尚書
465 1 意解 yì jiě liberation of thought 帝意解
466 1 寬宏 kuānhóng magnanimous 忠厚寬宏
467 1 委曲 wěiqǔ sinuous / devious / full details of a story / to stoop 能委曲導意
468 1 復命 fùmìng to report on completion of a mission / debriefing 復命陜西參政宋性佐之
469 1 to enjoy / to be glad / to be pleased 帝不懌
470 1 喪禮 sànglǐ funeral 與議喪禮
471 1 shè to absorb / to assimilate 命兼攝行在禮部
472 1 忠厚 zhōnghòu honest and sincere 忠厚寬宏
473 1 宏麗 hónglì elegant / eloquent [writing] 宏麗不及長陵
474 1 雲南 yúnnán Yunnan 罷西洋取寶船及雲南
475 1 fān a fence / a pale / a border / a vassal state 分封諸藩
476 1 匡正 kuāngzhèng to correct / to amend / to redress (evils) 罪義不匡正
477 1 cān to take part in / to participate 原吉入佐太孫參決庶務
478 1 qīng light / not heavy 非輕舉也
479 1 fán complicated / complex 益任以繁劇
480 1 儉約 jiǎnyuē sparing / economical 帝欲遵遺詔從儉約
481 1 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 具以實奏
482 1 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子不以冥冥墮行
483 1 enemy / foe 皆不見敵
484 1 諳練 ānliàn conversant / skilled / proficient 諳練章程
485 1 文書 wénshū document / official correspondence 又有汙精微文書者
486 1 láo secure 牢醴
487 1 裨益 bìyì to benefit / to help 多所裨益
488 1 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 奏事稱旨
489 1 zhào Zhao 袁復及左通政趙居任往振
490 1 悉心 xīxīn to put one's heart into something / with great care 原吉悉心計應之
491 1 qián money / currency 天下錢
492 1 小過 xiǎoguò little mistake / minor offense / slightly too much 或有小過
493 1 finely chopped meat or vegetables 原吉取齏黍以進
494 1 冗食 rǒngshí eating without working 首請裁冗食
495 1 niú an ox / a cow / a bull 給牛種
496 1 chéng honesty / sincerity 傅堯俞之遇人以誠
497 1 shè to set up / to establish 範景仁之不設城府
498 1 常言 chángyán a common saying 士奇常言
499 1 蘄州 Qízhōu Qizhou 移駐蘄州
500 1 hóng liberal / great 含弘貞靖

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 78 Ji 蹇義夏原吉
2 73 yuán source / origin 蹇義夏原吉
3 65 zhī him / her / them / that 字宜之
4 55 supreme ruler / emperor 帝問
5 42 yuē to speak / to say
6 40 so as to / in order to 十七年以父喪歸
7 37 meaning / sense 蹇義夏原吉
8 28 shì matter / thing / item 奏事稱旨
9 27 wèi for / to 為更名義
10 25 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 所更易者悉罷之
11 23 to give / to bestow favors 手書賜之
12 23 yǒu is / are / to exist 即左右有讒榮者
13 20 rén person / people / a human being 巴人
14 19 and 帝與太子俱愛重之
15 19 yán to speak / to say / said 義從容言曰
16 19 nián year 洪武十八年進士
17 18 not / no 罪義不匡正
18 18 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 軍國事皆倚辦
19 18 again / more / repeatedly 今必欲盡復者
20 17 hái also / in addition / more 還治部事
21 16 shí time / a period of time 是時齊泰
22 16 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 義無所建明
23 16 also / too 亦未悉當也
24 15 mìng life 特命滿九載
25 13 sān three 滿三載當遷
26 13 in / at 俾藏於家
27 13 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 三月而陵成
28 13 zhū all / many / various 義及給事中馬俊分巡應天諸府
29 12 shǎo few 首進義少保
30 12 desire 今必欲盡復者
31 12 qīng minister / high officer 卿以先朝舊臣
32 12 his / hers / its / theirs 帝嘉其誠篤
33 11 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 初名容
34 11 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 永樂二年兼太子詹事
35 11 wèn to ask 帝問
36 11 guān an office 帝及太子皆遣官賜祭
37 11 shū book 授中書舍人
38 11 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 進尚書
39 11 shì a gentleman / a knight 俞士吉李文郁鄒師顏
40 11 cóng from 從其言
41 10 mín the people / citizen / subjects 黜文武長吏擾民者數人
42 10 zhōng middle 授中書舍人
43 10 to reach 帝及太子皆遣官賜祭
44 9 zhì to / until 俘脅從者三千余人至
45 9 chén minister / statesman / official 時舊臣見親用者
46 9 xíng to walk / to move 條興革數十事奏行之
47 9 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 黃子澄當國
48 9 jiǎn lame / cripple / unfortunate / slow / difficult 蹇義夏原吉
49 9 to enter 燕師入
50 9 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 七年詔有司為義營新第於文明門內
51 9 zhèn I / we 朕且用義
52 9 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 惠帝既即位
53 8 róng glory / honor 楊榮嘗毀義
54 8 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 所更易者悉罷之
55 8 already / afterwards
56 8 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 超擢吏部右侍郎
57 8 zài in / at 朝夕在朕左右討論至理
58 8 戶部 hùbù Ministry of Revenue 戶部尚書夏原吉與義齊名
59 8 increase / benefit 不懈益恭
60 8 yòng to use / to apply 朕且用義
61 8 shī teacher 俞士吉李文郁鄒師顏
62 8 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 有請召民佃水退淤田益賦者
63 8 no 義無所建明
64 8 dōu all 復使僉都御史俞士吉賫水利書賜之
65 8 duì to / toward 容頓首不敢對
66 8 zhèn to shake / to shock 以太子曲宥呂震婿主事張鶴朝參失儀
67 8 明年 míngnián next year 明年
68 7 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 達治體
69 7 tóng like / same / similar 尋命與英國公輔及原吉同監修
70 7 child / son 黃子澄當國
71 7 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋命與英國公輔及原吉同監修
72 7 to help / to assist 命輔皇太子監國
73 7 jiā house / home / residence 不恤身家
74 7 to criticize 命義等四人議天下官吏軍民建言章奏
75 7 xià summer 蹇義夏原吉
76 7 děng et cetera / and so on 卿等皆祖宗遺老
77 7 cháng to taste 士奇嘗於帝前謂義曰
78 7 qǐng to ask / to inquire 原吉請循禹三江入海故跡
79 7 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 與大臣密議
80 7 guī to go back / to return 十七年以父喪歸
81 7 jìn to enter 進尚書
82 6 xīn new / fresh / modern 七年詔有司為義營新第於文明門內
83 6 zhào an imperial decree 詔起復
84 6 jiān to supervise / to inspect 命輔皇太子監國
85 6 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 由是朝夕侍左右
86 6 huò or / either / else 諸生或喧笑
87 6 御史 yùshǐ a censor 復使僉都御史俞士吉賫水利書賜之
88 6 shǔ to count 因舉數事陳說本末
89 6 shì is / are / am / to be 由是朝夕侍左右
90 6 wén writing / text 俞士吉李文郁鄒師顏
91 6 jiān simultaneously 永樂二年兼太子詹事
92 6 chēng to call / to address 奏事稱旨
93 6 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 帝親宴二人便殿
94 6 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 帝親宴二人便殿
95 6 anger / rage / fury 帝怒
96 6 to die 遂卒
97 6 de potential marker 又明年春得釋
98 6 xún to patrol / to make one's rounds 帝巡北京
99 6 naturally / of course / certainly 姚廣孝還自浙西
100 6 zhòng heavy 帝與太子俱愛重之
101 6 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 時方務反建文之政
102 6 néng can / able 能委曲導意
103 6 xuān to declare / to announce 宣宗即位
104 6 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 帝稱善
105 6 èr two 永樂二年兼太子詹事
106 6 liǎng two 兩京肇建
107 5 prison 逮義系錦衣衛獄
108 5 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 輒遣義
109 5 I 吾固弗信也
110 5 affairs / business / matter / activity 時方務反建文之政
111 5 qiān to move / to shift 滿三載當遷
112 5 qiě moreover / also 朕且用義
113 5 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 國家大事輒令詳議
114 5 仁宗 Rén Zōng Emperor Renzong of Yuan 仁宗即位
115 5 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 三月而陵成
116 5 a musical note 以太子曲宥呂震婿主事張鶴朝參失儀
117 5 sūn Sun 輔太孫留守北京
118 5 cháo to face 卿以先朝舊臣
119 5 bīn a guest / a visitor 兵部尚書方賓
120 5 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 帝乃下書算生於獄
121 5 tài very / extremely 輔太孫留守北京
122 5 strange / unusual / uncanny 時惟楊士奇亦得賜
123 5 běi north 大起北都宮闕
124 5 qīn relatives 時舊臣見親用者
125 5 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂卒
126 5 elegant 俞士吉李文郁鄒師顏
127 5 yáng Yang 時惟楊士奇亦得賜
128 5 zhèng government / administration 時方務反建文之政
129 5 to connect / to relate 逮義系錦衣衛獄
130 5 jìng to pacify 靖難
131 5 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 滿三載當遷
132 5 jiù old / ancient 時舊臣見親用者
133 5 zhuó to pull out 超擢吏部右侍郎
134 5 zòu to present / to offer 奏事稱旨
135 5 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 創制
136 5 shuǐ water 言水雖由故道入海
137 5 Yu 俞士吉李文郁鄒師顏
138 5 shàng top / a high position 上接太湖
139 5 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 將何以加
140 5 nán difficult / arduous / hard 行之而難繼者
141 5 final particle 此其人矣
142 4 wén to hear 左右莫得聞
143 4 rěn to bear / to endure / to tolerate 吾何忍獨適
144 4 chū to go out / to leave 皆言兵不當出
145 4 a tutor / a teacher 傅堯俞之遇人以誠
146 4 shì to attend on 由是朝夕侍左右
147 4 使 shǐ to make / to cause 明年充采訪使
148 4 xià next 帝乃下書算生於獄
149 4 zāi disaster / calamity 三殿災
150 4 sàng to lose / to die 軍馬儲蓄十喪八九
151 4 帝命 dì mìng an imperial decree 帝命跪午門外質辨
152 4 to take / to get / to fetch 皆取給戶曹
153 4 dìng to decide 謚忠定
154 4 永樂 Yǒng Lè Emperor Yong Le 永樂二年兼太子詹事
155 4 jūn army / military 預軍中機務
156 4 西 The West 浙西大水
157 4 yòu again / also 又明年春得釋
158 4 promptly / right away / immediately 即左右有讒榮者
159 4 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 以蔭為尚寶司丞
160 4 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 原吉固辭
161 4 zhāng a chapter / a section 賜銀章一
162 4 proper / suitable / appropriate 字宜之
163 4 ministry / department 數奉命兼理他部事
164 4 can / may / permissible 可輟所務
165 4 to bestow on / to endow with 偕義等詳定賦役諸制
166 4 Li 俞士吉李文郁鄒師顏
167 4 滿 mǎn full 滿三載當遷
168 4 also / too 亦未悉當也
169 4 北京 Běijīng Beijing 帝巡北京
170 4 final interogative 汝欲陷之耶
171 4 jiàn to see 時舊臣見親用者
172 4 hòu thick 尤厚倚之
173 4 fēi not / non- / un- 非經久計
174 4 líng mound / hill / mountain 時方修獻陵
175 4 yīn because 因舉數事陳說本末
176 4 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 義不能答
177 4 bīng soldier / troops 兵革初定
178 4 liú Liu 有劉郎中者
179 4 大理 Dàlǐ Dali 大理少卿袁復為之副
180 4 zōng school / sect 宣宗即位
181 4 láo to toil 帝又念義監國時舊勞
182 4 jīng Beijing 兩京肇建
183 4 reason / logic / truth 數奉命兼理他部事
184 4 idea 推太祖意
185 4 xiào to smile / to laugh 帝笑曰
186 4 shì to release / to set free 又明年春得釋
187 4 what / where / which 何過慮
188 4 南京 Nánjīng Nanjing 尋從還南京
189 4 建文 Jiàn Wén Emperor Jian Wen 時方務反建文之政
190 4 wài outside 外興大師
191 4 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 推太祖意
192 4 gěi to give 給牛種
193 4 yín silver 賜銀章一
194 4 zhè Zhejiang 浙西大水
195 4 service 偕義等詳定賦役諸制
196 4 one 賜銀章一
197 4 zàn to praise 贊襄治理
198 3 fèi fee / expenses 賞費於一時
199 3 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 帝征樂安
200 3 xìn to believe / to trust 原吉皆以元老為中外所信
201 3 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 七年詔有司為義營新第於文明門內
202 3 ruò to seem / to be like / as 誰教若
203 3 cǎi to pick / to pluck / to collect / to select / to choose / to gather 明年充采訪使
204 3 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷進少師
205 3 wàn ten thousand 發粟三十萬石
206 3 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 官湘陰教諭
207 3 a government official / a magistrate 黜文武長吏擾民者數人
208 3 tīng to listen 帝不聽
209 3 shén what 賚予甚厚
210 3 xiào result / effect 有司治不效
211 3 hòu after / later 汝蹇叔後乎
212 3 gòng together 知朕君臣共濟艱難
213 3 yuán a robe 大理少卿袁復為之副
214 3 to smear / to defile / to make dirty 吏汙所服金織賜衣
215 3 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 原吉能佐尚書理部事
216 3 成祖 Chéngzǔ Chengzu / Emperor Yong Le 成祖即位
217 3 chuán to transmit 帝有所傳諭太子
218 3 jiǔ nine 特命滿九載
219 3 Soviet Union
220 3 expresses question or doubt 汝蹇叔後乎
221 3 to beg / to request 乞遣將往征
222 3 tōng to go through / to open 袁復及左通政趙居任往振
223 3 chì an imperial decree 敕廷臣二十六人巡行天下
224 3 zōu Zou 俞士吉李文郁鄒師顏
225 3 suàn to count / to calculate / to figure 堂後書算生
226 3 主事 zhǔshì heads of affairs 以太子曲宥呂震婿主事張鶴朝參失儀
227 3 yòu to forgive / to pardon / to indulge 以太子曲宥呂震婿主事張鶴朝參失儀
228 3 shěng province 省賦役
229 3 ancient / old / palaeo- 古之遺愛也
230 3 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 輒遣義
231 3 zhōng loyalty / devotion 謚忠定
232 3 shǐ beginning / start 始益崇侈雲
233 3 to examine into / to impeach / to charge 會新劾諸司怠事者
234 3 shí food / food and drink 兼食二祿
235 3 祿 good fortune 兼食二祿
236 3 中外 zhōngwài Sino-foreign / Chinese-foreign 中外稱曰
237 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 外興大師
238 3 shàng still / yet / to value 以蔭為尚寶司丞
239 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今必欲盡復者
240 3 yán color 俞士吉李文郁鄒師顏
241 3 未嘗 wèi cháng not yet once / not yet 未嘗忤色
242 3 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 何過慮
243 3 bǎo to defend / to protect 首進義少保
244 3 shí ten 條興革數十事奏行之
245 3 he / him 數奉命兼理他部事
246 3 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 選入禁中書制誥
247 3 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 以太子曲宥呂震婿主事張鶴朝參失儀
248 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 前改者固不當
249 3 seven 七年
250 3 zhǐ to stop / to halt 原吉馳疏止之
251 3 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 滿三載當遷
252 3 alone / independent / single / sole 吾何忍獨適
253 3 xīn heart 所謂先人有奪人之心也
254 3 this / these 願殿下食此
255 3 cáo Cao 曹務叢脞
256 3 yóu especially / particularly 尤厚倚之
257 3 suī although / even though 言水雖由故道入海
258 3 letter / symbol / character 字宜之
259 3 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 三年從巡邊還
260 3 北征 běizhēng punitive expedition to the north 帝北征還
261 3 míng measure word for people 初名容
262 3 to ferry 知朕君臣共濟艱難
263 3 郎中 lángzhōng Langzhong 有劉郎中者
264 3 yīng should / ought 義及給事中馬俊分巡應天諸府
265 3 頓首 dùnshǒu kowtow 容頓首不敢對
266 3 to calculate / to compute / to count 非經久計
267 3 xiū to decorate / to embellish 尋命與英國公輔及原吉同監修
268 3 rèn to bear / to undertake 袁復及左通政趙居任往振
269 3 xiè to let out 以時蓄泄
270 3 gōng merit 比年師出無功
271 3 day of the month / a certain day 日侍左右
272 3 power / force / strength 蠲逋負以寬民力
273 3 jiā to add 將何以加
274 3 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 帝命鴻臚引震列其下
275 3 deputy / assistant / vice- 尋命侍郎李文郁為之副
276 3 píng flat / level / smooth 平賦役
277 3 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 貞一
278 3 shēng to be born / to give birth 堂後書算生
279 3 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 有請召民佃水退淤田益賦者
280 3 天下 tiānxià China 敕廷臣二十六人巡行天下
281 3 such as / for example / for instance 處之裕如
282 3 to arise / to get up 詔起復
283 3 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 內改制度
284 3 xuān xuan 平江伯陳瑄初亦惡原吉
285 3 liáng provisions 立命原吉出理開平糧儲
286 3 鞍馬 ān mǎ pommel horse 賜鞍馬甲胄弓劍
287 3 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 功臣封賞
288 3 rén a kernel / a pit 範景仁之不設城府
289 3 extra / surplus / remainder 建白三十余事
290 3 wěi to delegate / to commission 職務填委
291 3 shèn cautious 然過於周慎
292 3 xiàn to offer / to present 時方修獻陵
293 3 night 帝夜召諸臣議
294 3 zuǒ left 遷左侍郎
295 3 jiǔ old 久而後定
296 3 wǎng to go (in a direction) 遣醫往視
297 3 shǒu head 首進義少保
298 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 新持不可
299 3 yìn to stamp / to seal / to mark / to print 蹇忠貞印
300 3 jǐng sunlight 範景仁之不設城府
301 3 color 未嘗忤色
302 3 qián front 前改者固不當
303 3 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 時方務反建文之政
304 2 禮部 lǐbù Ministry of (Confucian) Rites 命兼攝行在禮部
305 2 è evil / vice 何惡也
306 2 biàn to distinguish / to recognize 帝命跪午門外質辨
307 2 yōu excellent / superior 傷朝廷優老待賢之禮
308 2 zhī to know 知朕君臣共濟艱難
309 2 to give 賚予甚厚
310 2 shì a posthumous name or title / funerary name 謚忠定
311 2 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 以蔭為尚寶司丞
312 2 lián even 連歲營建
313 2 bìng and / furthermore / also 並系大理丞鄒師顏
314 2 to inherit 行之而難繼者
315 2 xié to harmonize 不能協贊大計
316 2 used to indicate order 七年詔有司為義營新第於文明門內
317 2 水利 shuǐlì water conservancy / irrigation works 復使僉都御史俞士吉賫水利書賜之
318 2 clothes / dress / garment 人皆悅服
319 2 zhí straight 帝不直榮
320 2 遺詔 yízhào posthumous edict (of former emperor) 帝欲遵遺詔從儉約
321 2 法王 Fǎ Wáng Buddha 西域法王來朝
322 2 nèi inside / interior 內改制度
323 2 以太 yǐtài Ether- 以太子曲宥呂震婿主事張鶴朝參失儀
324 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 今必欲盡復者
325 2 十八 shíbā eighteen 洪武十八年進士
326 2 chí to grasp / to hold 新持不可
327 2 xiáng detailed / complete / thorough 偕義等詳定賦役諸制
328 2 xiāng village / township 以鄉薦入太學
329 2 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 黜文武長吏擾民者數人
330 2 shū to remove obstructions 而支流未盡疏泄
331 2 shì a generation 傳之後世
332 2 hǎo good 張詠之不飾玩好
333 2 to lift / to hold up / to raise 因舉數事陳說本末
334 2 horse 義及給事中馬俊分巡應天諸府
335 2 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉左侍郎
336 2 to starve / to be hungry 浙西大饑
337 2 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 聖見高遠
338 2 dàn dawn 每旦
339 2 yòu right / right-hand 超擢吏部右侍郎
340 2 móu to plan / to scheme 帝疑長沙有通謀者
341 2 sōng to loosen / to relax 松農田大利
342 2 valley / gorge / ravine 谷幾何
343 2 yìn shade / shelter 以蔭為尚寶司丞
344 2 four 榮四人者皆已老
345 2 róng to hold / to contain 初名容
346 2 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 願陛下慎察
347 2 to send / to transmit / to mail 委寄益重
348 2 yuè to peruse / to review / to inspect 從閱武兔兒山
349 2 a ruler's seal 復賜璽書曰
350 2 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 獨不見李景隆已事耶
351 2 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 原吉請循禹三江入海故跡
352 2 to look after / to attend to 顧左右曰
353 2 不當 bùdàng unsuitable / improper / inappropriate 前改者固不當
354 2 niàn to read aloud 帝又念義監國時舊勞
355 2 手書 shǒushū to write personally / personal letter 手書賜之
356 2 chén Chen 平江伯陳瑄初亦惡原吉
357 2 drama / play / show / opera 不宜復典冗劇
358 2 艱難 jiānnán difficult 知朕君臣共濟艱難
359 2 誠篤 chéngdǔ honest / sincere and serious 帝嘉其誠篤
360 2 to move / to shift / to remove 移駐蘄州
361 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 至是乞歸終制
362 2 to protect / to guard 尚須調護
363 2 參政 cān zhèng to be involved in politics / participation in politics 復命陜西參政宋性佐之
364 2 gain / advantage / benefit 萬世之利也
365 2 dài idle / remiss / negligent 會新劾諸司怠事者
366 2 shì to look at / to see 義視原吉尤重厚
367 2 十九 shíjiǔ nineteen 十九年
368 2 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 傷朝廷優老待賢之禮
369 2 二十 èrshí twenty 二十余年
370 2 to take / to receive / to accept 在道隨事納忠
371 2 to rely on / to depend on 軍國事皆倚辦
372 2 三十 sān shí thirty 建白三十余事
373 2 to reply / to answer 義不能答
374 2 qiān all / unanimous 復使僉都御史俞士吉賫水利書賜之
375 2 實錄 shílù Veritable Records / Chronicle of a Monarch / Shilu 太宗實錄
376 2 xián virtuous / worthy 傷朝廷優老待賢之禮
377 2 in advance / beforehand 預軍中機務
378 2 big / great / huge / large / major 浙西大饑
379 2 jùn to deepen / to extract / to manage / ladle 浚吳淞下流
380 2 hair 發粟三十萬石
381 2 zuì crime / sin / vice 罪義不匡正
382 2 疾苦 jíkǔ pain and difficulties / suffering 問軍民疾苦
383 2 eight 八年
384 2 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 陛下初嗣大寶
385 2 吏治 lìzhì government system / achievement in office 核吏治
386 2 suì age 連歲營建
387 2 太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy 歷官太常少卿
388 2 residence / dwelling 袁復及左通政趙居任往振
389 2 shǔ to sign 以嘗署戶部也
390 2 zàng to bury the dead 馳傳歸葬
391 2 jiū to investigate / to inspect / to entangle 繩愆糾繆
392 2 bǎi one hundred 增設武衛百司
393 2 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 望敬守祖宗成憲
394 2 不見 bújiàn to not see 皆不見敵
395 2 而後 érhòu after that / then 告戒而後行
396 2 xiān first 卿以先朝舊臣
397 2 to flee / to run away / to leave a debt unsettled 蠲逋負以寬民力
398 2 shí a rock / a stone 發粟三十萬石
399 2 to die 吏叩頭請死
400 2 gāo high / tall 高皇帝養賢以貽朕
401 2 ài to love 帝與太子俱愛重之
402 2 martial / military 增設武衛百司
403 2 yuè pleased 人皆悅服
404 2 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 明年正月
405 2 chuàng to begin / to initiate / to inaugurate / to start / to create 創制
406 2 miǎn to spare 悉得免
407 2 certainly / must / will / necessarily 今必欲盡復者
408 2 yàn a feast / a banquet 帝親宴二人便殿
409 2 布衣 bùyī plain cotton clothing / the common people 原吉布衣徒步
410 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 處之裕如
411 2 a relay station 宣宗命驛舟送之
412 2 míng dark 君子不以冥冥墮行
413 2 xiào to be filial 姚廣孝還自浙西
414 2 zhòng many / numerous 原吉慮犯者眾
415 2 wáng Wang 國子博士王紳遺書責之
416 2 zhèn to flap 袁復及左通政趙居任往振
417 2 dào way / road / path 在道隨事納忠
418 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 容頓首不敢對
419 2 wéi dangerous / precarious 今黃髮危齒
420 2 Kangxi radical 177 條興革數十事奏行之
421 2 to attain / to reach 達治體
422 2 兵部 bīngbù Ministry of War 兵部
423 2 fàn to commit crime / to violate 原吉慮犯者眾
424 2 dǎo to lead / to guide / to conduct / to direct 能委曲導意
425 2 軍民 jūnmín army-civilian / military-masses / military-civilian 問軍民疾苦
426 2 huà painting / picture / drawing 日夜經畫
427 2 民間 mínjiān folk / civilian / community 觀民間疾苦
428 2 zuò to sit 原吉危坐儼然
429 2 qiān a fault / a transgression 繩愆糾繆
430 2 guǎng wide / large / vast 姚廣孝還自浙西
431 2 朝夕 zhāoxī morning and evening 由是朝夕侍左右
432 2 bēng to rupture / to split apart / to collapse 崩聞至之三日
433 2 zhé to punish / to demote 士吉謫為事官
434 2 clothes / clothing 褫其衣
435 2 do not 左右莫得聞
436 2 to stop / to cease / to suspend 所更易者悉罷之
437 2 qiú to request 初以殿災詔求直言
438 2 xún sincere 退則恂恂若無預者
439 2 měi each / every 每旦
440 2 shì an official 仕至南京刑部侍郎
441 2 entirely / without exception 帝與太子俱愛重之
442 2 dialect / language / speech 未嘗一語傷物
443 2 shéng rope / string / cord 繩愆糾繆
444 2 to think over / to consider 何過慮
445 2 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 由是朝夕侍左右
446 2 lài to bestow / to confer 賚予甚厚
447 2 shū to transport 供億轉輸以鉅萬萬計
448 2 elegant / graceful / refined 帝雅善繪事
449 2 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 帝指二人謂群臣曰
450 2 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 原吉入佐太孫參決庶務
451 2 miào Miao 繩愆糾繆
452 2 zèng to give a present 贈太師
453 2 bàn to do / to manage / to handle / to go about / to run / to deal with 軍國事皆倚辦
454 2 致仕 zhìshì to retire from a government post 致仕
455 2 to console / to comfort 宜撫流亡
456 2 ér son 山東唐賽兒反
457 2 wèi to call 士奇嘗於帝前謂義曰
458 2 chí to go quickly or swiftly 原吉馳疏止之
459 2 wéi only / solely / alone 時惟楊士奇亦得賜
460 2 otherwise / but / however 退則恂恂若無預者
461 2 chǔ to save / to deposit / to store 召原吉問邊儲多寡
462 2 shí real / true 具以實奏
463 2 do not 勿勞車駕
464 2 祖宗 zǔzōng ancestor / forebear 卿等皆祖宗遺老
465 2 jiàn to recommend / to elect 以鄉薦入太學
466 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 觀民間疾苦
467 2 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor 贈太師
468 2 交阯 jiāozhǐ Jiaozhi 交阯平
469 2 to cry / to weep / to wail 哭而告之
470 2 京師 jīngshī a capital city 還京師
471 2 huì can / be able to 會新劾諸司怠事者
472 2 easy / simple 皆簡便易遵守
473 2 a human or animal body 達治體
474 2 yǐn to lead / to guide 以糧盡引還
475 2 ěr ear 恐鹵莽為後憂耳
476 2 you / thou 汝蹇叔後乎
477 2 to instruct / to expound / to explain 帝有所傳諭太子
478 2 wán to play / to amuse oneself / to have fun 張詠之不飾玩好
479 2 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 欺君病民
480 2 陛下 bì xià your majesty 願陛下慎察
481 2 zhǒng kind / type 給牛種
482 2 already / since 惠帝既即位
483 2 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 迨世宗營永陵
484 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 亦未悉當也
485 2 chāo paper money 賜鈔幣
486 2 zhe indicates that an action is continuing 著為令
487 2 to stand 立命原吉出理開平糧儲
488 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 榮四人者皆已老
489 2 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 迎附
490 2 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 原吉口答手書
491 2 huáng yellow 黃子澄當國
492 2 吳中 Wúzhōng Wuzhong 工部尚書吳中等議
493 2 so that / in order that 俾藏於家
494 2 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願陛下慎察
495 1 to bear / to carry 蠲逋負以寬民力
496 1 言官 yánguān Imperial Censor / Remonstrance Official 若言官得罪
497 1 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 況聖躬少安
498 1 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 宣宗命驛舟送之
499 1 mǐn fast / quick / clever / smart 父時敏
500 1 shī to lose 言雖失

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安南 Ānnán
  1. Annam
  2. Annan
白茆 Báimǎo Baimao
北京 Běijīng Beijing
兵部 bīngbù Ministry of War
长沙 長沙 Chángshā Changsha
成祖 Chéngzǔ Chengzu / Emperor Yong Le
大宝 大寶 dàbǎo mahāratna / a precious jewel
大理 Dàlǐ Dali
德兴 德興 déxīng Dexing
帝释 帝釋 Dìshì Śakra / Sakka / Śakra Devānām Indra / Kauśika
督军 督軍 dūjūn Du Jun
法王 Fǎ Wáng Buddha
凤阳 鳳陽 fèngyáng Fengyang
福建 Fújiàn Fujian
给事 給事 gěishì official (imperial) position
汉王 漢王 Hàn Wáng Han Wang
韩愈 韓愈 Hán Yù Han Yu
洪武 Hóng Wǔ Hong Wu / Emperor Taizu of Ming
皇太子 Huáng Tàizǐ Crown Prince
户部 戶部 hùbù Ministry of Revenue
湖广 湖廣 húguǎng Hubei and Hunan provinces
徽州 Huīzhōu Huizhou dialect
户口 戶口 hùkǒu Hukou / registered residence
湖州 húzhōu Huzhou
建文 Jiàn Wén Emperor Jian Wen
jiāng
  1. a large river
  2. Yangtze River
  3. Jiang
  4. Jiangsu
  5. Jiang
江西 Jiāngxī Jiangxi
建明 jiànmíng
  1. Jianming
  2. Jianming
  3. Jianming
jiāo
  1. suburbs / outskirts
  2. Jiao
  3. Jiao
交阯 jiāozhǐ Jiaozhi
锦衣卫 錦衣衛 Jǐn Yī Wèi
  1. Imperial Guards in the Ming Dynasty
  2. Fourteen Blades
景泰 Jǐngtài Emperor Jingtai
九卿 Jiǔ Qīng Nine Ministers
九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month
开平 Kāipíng
  1. Kaiping / Kemenfu / Kaipingfu
  2. Kaiping
乐安 樂安 Lè'ān Le'an
辽东 遼東 Liáodōng Liaodong Peninsula
礼部 禮部 lǐbù Ministry of (Confucian) Rites
礼部尚书 禮部尚書 lǐbùshàngshū Director of Board of Rites
卢沟桥 盧溝橋 Lú Gōu Qiáo Marco Polo Bridge
南京 Nánjīng Nanjing
南召 nánzhào Nanzhao
平江 píngjiāng
  1. Pingjiang
  2. Pingjiang
蕲州 蘄州 Qízhōu Qizhou
仁宗 Rén Zōng Emperor Renzong of Yuan
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
山东 山東 Shāndōng Shandong
世宗 shìzōng
  1. King Sejong the Great / Sejong Daewang
  2. Sejong
  3. Shizong
数人 數人 shǔrén Sarvāstivāda
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
太学 太學 Tài Xué Taixue / Imperial Academy / Grand Academy
太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy
太湖 tàihú Taihu
太师 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor
太宗 Tàizōng
  1. Emperor Taizong of Song
  2. Tai Zong
同德 tóngdé Tongde
通海 tōnghǎi Tonghai
通州 Tōngzhōu Tongzhou District
吴淞 吳淞 wúsōng Wusong
吴中 吳中 Wúzhōng Wuzhong
西域 xī yù Western Regions
象山 xiàngshān Xiangshan
襄阳 襄陽 Xiāngyáng
  1. Xiangyang
  2. Xangyang
湘阴 湘陰 Xiāngyīn Lake Shizhu
刑部 xíngbù Ministry of Justice
西洋 Xīyáng
  1. the West
  2. countries of the Indian Ocean
宣德 Xuāndé Emperor Xuande
言官 yánguān Imperial Censor / Remonstrance Official
兖州 兗州 Yǎnzhōu
  1. Yanzhou
  2. Yanzhou
yáo Yao
英宗 Yīngzōng Yingzong
以太 yǐtài Ether-
永乐 永樂 Yǒng Lè Emperor Yong Le
  1. Emperor Yu
  2. Yu
云南 雲南 yúnnán Yunnan
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
zhè
  1. Zhejiang
  2. Zhe River
正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year
终南 終南 zhōngnán Zhongnan
诸生 諸生 zhūshēng Imperial scholar from the Ming Dynasty onwards
zōu
  1. Zou
  2. Zou

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English