Glossary and Vocabulary for History of Ming 《明史》, 卷一百七十 列傳第五十八 于謙 Volume 170 Biographies 58: Yu Qian

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 115 qiān humble / modest 于謙子
2 33 wáng Wang 王偉
3 28 yuē to speak / to say 有僧奇之曰
4 23 kòu bandit / thieve 也先大入寇
5 21 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請以每歲三月
6 21 bīng soldier / troops 埜從治兵
7 19 supreme ruler / emperor 帝為傾聽
8 19 shàng top / a high position 一歲凡數上
9 18 yán to speak / to say / said 即俱疏言之
10 17 hēng smoothly progressing / no trouble 武臣如石亨
11 17 nián year 舉永樂十九年進士
12 16 zòu to present / to offer 奏對
13 16 to criticize 命群臣議戰守
14 15 也先 yěxiān Esen Taishi 也先大入寇
15 14 to enter 空橐以入
16 14 rén person / people / a human being 錢塘人
17 14 guān an office 疏奏陝西諸處官校為民害
18 14 níng Nanjing 吳寧
19 13 to die 稱萬死
20 13 děng et cetera / and so on 賞賚與諸大臣等
21 13 zhōng middle 於是給事中王竑廷擊順
22 12 huáng royal / imperial 而也先挾上皇破紫荊關直入
23 12 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令府州縣報缺食下戶
24 12 to reach 而免其老疾及貧不能償者
25 12 使 shǐ to make / to cause 通政使李錫阿振指
26 12 guī to go back / to return 皆令歸治喪
27 11 御史 yùshǐ a censor 授御史
28 11 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 詔遣御史捕之
29 10 jūn army / military 河南備操軍
30 10 chén minister / statesman / official 廷臣請族誅王振
31 10 京師 jīngshī a capital city 而謙每議事京師
32 10 yòng to use / to apply 以資邊用
33 9 zhòng many / numerous 又奏令布政使年富安集其眾
34 9 都督 dōudū to lead / to command 遣都督孫鏜
35 9 qiān to move / to shift 州縣吏秩滿當遷
36 9 shì matter / thing / item 太監王振方用事
37 9 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 而謙自與石亨率副總兵范廣
38 9 zhí straight 會增設各部右侍郎為直省巡撫
39 9 wěi great / robust 王偉
40 8 to give / to bestow favors 帝賜第西華門
41 8 河南 hénán Henan 巡撫河南
42 8 gōng merit 而內官數百騎欲爭功
43 8 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 賞賚與諸大臣等
44 8 child / son 于謙子
45 8 zhèn to flap 太監王振方用事
46 8 one 一歲凡數上
47 8 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 四郊多壘
48 8 shí time / a period of time 他日救時宰相也
49 8 alone / independent / single / sole 獨下謙
50 8 to die 三楊已前卒
51 7 xíng to walk / to move 詔行之
52 7 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 雷通分兵守九門要地
53 7 wàn ten thousand 稱萬死
54 7 idea 意稍沮
55 7 increase / benefit 字廷益
56 7 èr two 食二品俸
57 7 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 下法司論死
58 7 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 京營兵械且盡
59 7 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 會增設各部右侍郎為直省巡撫
60 7 miǎn crown
61 7 zhī to know 帝知謙可大任
62 7 shòu to teach 授御史
63 7 ministry / department 會增設各部右侍郎為直省巡撫
64 7 enemy / foe 毋棄以資敵
65 7 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose
66 7 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 郕王監國
67 7 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 固辭
68 7 yáng Yang 三楊在政府
69 7 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 宜亟分道募民兵
70 7 to look after / to attend to 顧佐為都御史
71 6 day of the month / a certain day 他日救時宰相也
72 6 Wu 吳寧
73 6 deputy / assistant / vice- 而謙自與石亨率副總兵范廣
74 6 巡撫 xúnfǔ inspector-general 會增設各部右侍郎為直省巡撫
75 6 can / may / permissible 帝知謙可大任
76 6 sān three 三楊在政府
77 6 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 臨陣將不顧軍先退者
78 6 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 守議乃定
79 6 big / great / huge / large / major 帝大悅
80 6 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 以資邊用
81 6 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 上下無固志
82 6 cháng to taste 嘗忤振
83 6 吉祥 jíxiáng lucky / auspicious 與內侍曹吉祥等皆素憾謙
84 6 shí real / true 實出卿等
85 6 to ride an animal or bicycle 時京師勁甲精騎皆陷沒
86 6 nán south 當南遷
87 6 tián field / farmland 盡奪鎮將私墾田為官屯
88 6 yōu to worry / to be concerned 大臣憂國無主
89 6 shì to look at / to see 視京城可旦夕下
90 6 shǔ to count 帝命謙口數其罪
91 6 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 孫原貞自代
92 6 qián front 三楊已前卒
93 6 an official institution / a state bureau 令府州縣報缺食下戶
94 6 shí a rock / a stone 武臣如石亨
95 5 jiā house / home / residence 請特釋忠勇伯把台家
96 5 qiān one thousand 請留謙者以千數
97 5 yuān grievance / injustice / a wrong 雪冤囚數百
98 5 Li 通政使李錫阿振指
99 5 desire 王懼欲起
100 5 jiàn to recommend / to elect 薦參政王來
101 5 tōng to go through / to open 通政使李錫阿振指
102 5 guān to close 令官軍自詣關支
103 5 mìng life 命群臣議戰守
104 5 to lift / to hold up / to raise 舉永樂十九年進士
105 5 wén to hear 輒上聞
106 5 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 國家正賴公耳
107 5 山西 shānxī Shanxi 山西
108 5 qīng minister / high officer 左遷大理寺少卿
109 5 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 太監王振方用事
110 5 to stand 請皇太后立郕王
111 5 mín the people / citizen / subjects 疏奏陝西諸處官校為民害
112 5 zài in / at 在官九年
113 5 wǎng to go (in a direction) 嶽謙往
114 5 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂擁上皇由良鄉西去
115 5 xuān to declare / to announce 且啟王宣諭曰
116 5 shū to remove obstructions 疏奏陝西諸處官校為民害
117 5 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 欲朝廷遣使講和
118 5 zuì crime / sin / vice 帝命謙口數其罪
119 5 shēn human body / torso 臣身當之
120 5 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 謙與尚書鄺埜極諫
121 5 兵部 bīngbù Ministry of War 超遷兵部右侍郎
122 5 sūn Sun 孫原貞自代
123 4 ér son 又計授王偉誘誅間者小田兒
124 4 to strike / to hit / to beat 於是給事中王竑廷擊順
125 4 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 都指揮李端正陽門
126 4 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡奪鎮將私墾田為官屯
127 4 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 衛卒聲洶洶
128 4 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 悉閉諸城門
129 4 hóng large 於是給事中王竑廷擊順
130 4 chéng Cheng 郕王監國
131 4 to arise / to get up 旋起復
132 4 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument
133 4 meaning / sense 毛福壽卻敵彰義門北
134 4 chéng a city / a town 徙附郭居民入城
135 4 lèi to be tired 前後贖還累數百人
136 4 biàn to change / to alter 侍講徐珵言星象有變
137 4 正統 zhèngtǒng orthodox 正統六年疏言
138 4 nèi inside / interior 多為內應
139 4 to calculate / to compute / to count 計裏置亭
140 4 zuò to sit 從之則坐敝
141 4 天下 tiānxià China 京師天下根本
142 4 běi north 毛福壽卻敵彰義門北
143 4 to defend / to resist 都督孫堂禦之
144 4 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 不允
145 4 chì an imperial decree 十月敕謙提督各營軍馬
146 4 gǎn bold / brave 敢邀功賞哉
147 4 景帝 Jǐng Dì Emperor Jing of Han 景帝立
148 4 to go 一動則大事去矣
149 4 dìng to decide 守議乃定
150 4 gǎi to change / to alter 帝顧而改容曰
151 4 liáng provisions 預備糧有未足
152 4 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 十三年以兵部左侍郎召
153 4 xiān first 先菽秫
154 4 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 請留謙者以千數
155 4 suì age 生七歲
156 4 private 盡奪鎮將私墾田為官屯
157 4 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 輒上聞
158 4 shè to set up / to establish 奏別設御史治之
159 4 景泰 Jǐngtài Emperor Jingtai 景泰元年三月
160 4 cháo to face 謙入朝
161 4 huì can / be able to 會增設各部右侍郎為直省巡撫
162 4 móu to plan / to scheme 皆以喜寧為謀主
163 4 to take / to get / to fetch 謙請王檄取兩京
164 4 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小有水旱
165 4 zhǔ owner 自是邊將人人主戰守
166 4 bèi to prepare / get ready 河南備操軍
167 4 大同 Dàtóng Datong 大同孤懸塞外
168 4 disease / sickness / ailment 而免其老疾及貧不能償者
169 4 to be fond of / to like 帝喜
170 4 wén writing / text 何文淵議罷二司
171 4 zuǒ left 遷左侍郎
172 4 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 又奏令布政使年富安集其眾
173 4 前後 qiánhòu front and back 前後在任十九年
174 4 yòu right / right-hand 會增設各部右侍郎為直省巡撫
175 4 xīng to flourish / to be popular 鎮遠侯顧興祖阜成門
176 4 letter / symbol / character 字廷益
177 4 to associate with / be near 一時無與比
178 4 wèi Eighth earthly branch 預備糧有未足
179 3 jīn gold 索金帛以萬萬計
180 3 進士 jìnshì jinshi / a palace graduate 舉永樂十九年進士
181 3 tíng court / royal court 字廷益
182 3 lùn to comment / to discuss 下法司論死
183 3 zhèn a wave / a spate / a burst / spell / short period of time 列陣九門外
184 3 wài outside 列營郭外
185 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜亟分道募民兵
186 3 ěr ear 國家正賴公耳
187 3 jīng to be surprised / to be frightened / to be scared 王驚謝至再
188 3 reason / logic / truth 留謙理部事
189 3 gāo high / tall 高煦出降
190 3 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 察時事所宜興革
191 3 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 而免其老疾及貧不能償者
192 3 zhū cinnabar 武進伯硃瑛朝陽門
193 3 shùn to obey 而振党馬順者
194 3 guǎng wide / large / vast 而謙自與石亨率副總兵范廣
195 3 suí to follow 而也先隨入寇
196 3 a statute / a law / a regulation 雖勳臣宿將小不中律
197 3 zōng school / sect 浙江葉宗留
198 3 rate / frequency 率師二十二萬
199 3 zhào an imperial decree 詔遣御史捕之
200 3 shī teacher 師還
201 3 shǎo few 左遷大理寺少卿
202 3 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 法當誅
203 3 father's elder brother / uncle 廣寧伯劉安東直門
204 3 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 而謙自與石亨率副總兵范廣
205 3 英宗 Yīngzōng Yingzong 英宗尚猶豫曰
206 3 shēng sound 衛卒聲洶洶
207 3 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 疏奏陝西諸處官校為民害
208 3 hóu marquis / lord 鎮遠侯顧興祖阜成門
209 3 qīng light / not heavy 勢必輕中國
210 3 gòng tribute / gift 貢使不過百人
211 3 gōng public/ common / state-owned 國家正賴公耳
212 3 zhì sign / mark / flag 上下無固志
213 3 liáo a bureaucrat / an official 僚所至蜂起
214 3 to prevent / to stop 意稍沮
215 3 shì to attend on 侍講徐珵言星象有變
216 3 to examine into / to impeach / to charge 劾謙以久不遷怨望
217 3 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 團營之制自此始
218 3 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 孫原貞自代
219 3 yuàn to blame / to complain 劾謙以久不遷怨望
220 3 a thoroughbred horse 得千戶硃驥
221 3 to instruct / to expound / to explain 且啟王宣諭曰
222 3 eight 八城悉以委寇
223 3 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 而免其老疾及貧不能償者
224 3 dào way / road / path 道無渴者
225 3 bǎo to defend / to protect 加謙少保
226 3 five 相持五日
227 3 zhèn to shake / to shock 聲色震厲
228 3 zhèng government / administration 通政使李錫阿振指
229 3 人心 rénxīn popular feeling 人心震恐
230 3 hòu after / later 後隊斬前隊
231 3 shì to rely upon 和不足恃
232 3 rèn to bear / to undertake 帝知謙可大任
233 3 jìn to enter 有貞進曰
234 3 太監 tàijiàn palace eunuch 太監王振方用事
235 3 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 毋棄以資敵
236 3 bái white 千戶白琦又請榜其罪
237 3 shēn deep 帝深納之
238 3 nán difficult / arduous / hard 因言和議難恃
239 3 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 叛閹喜寧嗾使邀大臣迎駕
240 3 給事 gěishì official (imperial) position 於是給事中王竑廷擊順
241 3 三千 sān qiān three thousand 正統十三年至三千餘
242 3 tún to station (soldiers) / to store up 盡奪鎮將私墾田為官屯
243 3 chén Chen 武興陳德勝門外
244 3 jiǔ nine 在官九年
245 3 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 請以每歲三月
246 3 xuě snow 雪冤囚數百
247 3 數百 shù bǎi several hundred 雪冤囚數百
248 3 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 令工部繕器甲
249 3 Xu 侍講徐珵言星象有變
250 3 to be jealous of 亦往往嫉之
251 3 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 待寮屬甚嚴
252 3 jīng Beijing 謙請王檄取兩京
253 3 to open 且啟王宣諭曰
254 3 xiè to thank 王驚謝至再
255 3 臣子 chénzǐ an official in feudal court / a subject 臣子何敢自安
256 3 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 可斬也
257 3 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 賞賚與諸大臣等
258 3 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 設遇歲荒
259 3 guì expensive / costly / valuable 大同參將許貴奏
260 3 wealth / capital / money / expenses 厚資以往
261 3 horse 而振党馬順者
262 3 a government official / a magistrate 州縣吏秩滿當遷
263 3 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 奏別設御史治之
264 3 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 令謙選精兵屯教場以便調用
265 3 zhǐ to stop / to halt 謙排眾直前掖王止
266 3 shí food / food and drink 令府州縣報缺食下戶
267 3 martial / military 武臣如石亨
268 3 to store 山西積谷各數百萬
269 3 power / force / strength 謙力也
270 3 興安 xīngān Xing'an 復命太監興安
271 3 lái to come 薦參政王來
272 3 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 人心震恐
273 3 to go / to visit / to attend 亟赴京師
274 3 杭州 Hángzhōu Hangzhou 歸葬杭州
275 3 miáo a seedling 貴州苗未平
276 3 jiàn to see 及見官軍嚴陣待
277 3 zhī to support 隨分支給
278 3 zhōng loyalty / devotion 而朕心實憐其忠
279 3 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 太行伏盜皆避匿
280 2 山東 Shāndōng Shandong 時山東
281 2 下獄 xiàyù to imprison 即執謙與大學士王文下獄
282 2 huáng yellow 廣東黃蕭養各擁眾僭號
283 2 gòu frame / building / structure 會也先與脫脫不花構
284 2 zhāng clear / obvious 毛福壽卻敵彰義門北
285 2 bǎi one hundred 今日雖百王直何能為
286 2 shì funerary name / posthumous name or title 諡肅湣
287 2 為兵 wèi bīng to serve in the military 謙之為兵部也
288 2 州縣 zhōuxiàn a county in a prefecture 令府州縣報缺食下戶
289 2 大事 dàshì a major event 一動則大事去矣
290 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 景泰元年三月
291 2 liǔ willow 榆柳夾路
292 2 to allow / to permit 大同參將許貴奏
293 2 鎮將 zhènjiāng a brigade general 盡奪鎮將私墾田為官屯
294 2 sǒu to set a dog on 叛閹喜寧嗾使邀大臣迎駕
295 2 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 欲朝廷遣使講和
296 2 area near capital / imperial domain 降人安置近畿者甚眾
297 2 jìn nearby 河南近河處
298 2 大將 dàjiāng a general / an admiral 以大將鎮之
299 2 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 專設都司
300 2 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 盡奪鎮將私墾田為官屯
301 2 method / way 下法司論死
302 2 tuán group / organization / society 分十營團操
303 2 tiān day 嘩聲動天
304 2 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 徙附郭居民入城
305 2 to sacrifice to / to worship 得復官賜祭
306 2 fèng wages / salary / official emolument 食二品俸
307 2 流民 liú mín a refugee 陝西流民就食河南者二十余萬
308 2 luàn chaotic / disorderly 朝班大亂
309 2 德勝門 déshèngmén Deshengmen 武興陳德勝門外
310 2 dǎng political party 而振党馬順者
311 2 輕騎 qīng qí light cavalry 輕騎遍曆所部
312 2 以資 yǐzī by way of / to serve as 以資邊用
313 2 road / path / way 榆柳夾路
314 2 官軍 guānjūn official army government army 令官軍自詣關支
315 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 舒良
316 2 jià to drive / to sail / to fly 及駕陷土木
317 2 十三 shísān thirteen 十三年以兵部左侍郎召
318 2 yuè cross-bar at the end of the poles of a cart 張軏
319 2 bào newspaper 令府州縣報缺食下戶
320 2 ancestor / forefather 鎮遠侯顧興祖阜成門
321 2 南京 Nánjīng Nanjing 山東及南京沿海備倭軍
322 2 to join / to combine 悉合機宜
323 2 福壽 fú shòu happiness and longevity 毛福壽卻敵彰義門北
324 2 seven 生七歲
325 2 dòng to move / to act 一動則大事去矣
326 2 主事 zhǔshì heads of affairs 除兵部主事
327 2 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 待寮屬甚嚴
328 2 chǒng to favor 一時希旨取寵者
329 2 jiǎ armor 時京師勁甲精騎皆陷沒
330 2 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 使者頻至
331 2 liú Liu 都督劉聚西直門
332 2 shù a garrison 戍金齒
333 2 安危 ānwēi safety and danger 謙亦毅然以社稷安危為己任
334 2 inside / interior 計裏置亭
335 2 báo thin / slight / weak 敵以萬騎來薄
336 2 to canvass for contributions / to recruit / to collect / to raise 宜亟分道募民兵
337 2 shū relaxed / calm 舒良
338 2 gān dry 直沽造幹魚
339 2 得志 dezhì to succeed 寇得志
340 2 zhǐ to point 通政使李錫阿振指
341 2 xiāo mournful / dejected 廣東黃蕭養各擁眾僭號
342 2 西 The West 遂擁上皇由良鄉西去
343 2 shì power / authority 勢亦不得和
344 2 hòu thick 謙令厚築堤障
345 2 jiǔ old 劾謙以久不遷怨望
346 2 戰守 zhànshǒu military activities 命群臣議戰守
347 2 guō Guo 列營郭外
348 2 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 而內官數百騎欲爭功
349 2 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 叛閹喜寧嗾使邀大臣迎駕
350 2 wěi to delegate / to commission 八城悉以委寇
351 2 a gem / a precious stone / jade 千戶白琦又請榜其罪
352 2 chéng honesty / sincerity 臣等誠憂國家
353 2 open country / field 謙與尚書鄺埜極諫
354 2 jiān to supervise / to inspect 郕王監國
355 2 chéng \N 侍講徐珵言星象有變
356 2 居民 jūmín resident 徙附郭居民入城
357 2 kōng empty / void / hollow 空橐以入
358 2 xūn a meritorious deed 雖勳臣宿將小不中律
359 2 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 列營郭外
360 2 內外 nèiwài inside and outside 丁內外艱
361 2 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 都御史楊善
362 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 謙不可
363 2 record / register / list / census 籍其家
364 2 shí ten 分十營團操
365 2 special / unique / distinguished 請特釋忠勇伯把台家
366 2 言官 yánguān Imperial Censor / Remonstrance Official 輒叱言官
367 2 fáng to protect / to defend / to guard 請飭諸邊守臣協力防遏
368 2 永樂 Yǒng Lè Emperor Yong Le 舉永樂十九年進士
369 2 kuí crossroads / thoroughfare 都督同知陳逵感謙忠義
370 2 jǐn brilliance (of gems) 都督陶瑾安定門
371 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 高煦出降
372 2 shǐ beginning / start 也先始有歸上皇意
373 2 to gather / to collect 又奏令布政使年富安集其眾
374 2 to beg / to request 乞敕內外守備及各巡撫加意整飭
375 2 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 山海
376 2 lài to depend on / to rely on 國家正賴公耳
377 2 一時 yīshí a period of time / a while 一時無與比
378 2 chēng to call / to address 稱萬死
379 2 西直門 Xīzhímén Xizhimen 都督劉聚西直門
380 2 xìng gender 至性過人
381 2 yǐn to lead / to guide 謙引為職方司郎中
382 2 xiào to smile / to laugh 謙笑曰
383 2 成化 Chénghuà Emperor Chenghua 成化初
384 2 xiōng a torrential rush 衛卒聲洶洶
385 2 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 及駕陷土木
386 2 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 憂國忘身
387 2 cáo Cao 與內侍曹吉祥等皆素憾謙
388 2 中國 zhōngguó China 勢必輕中國
389 2 to connect / to relate 系獄三月
390 2 qiū fall / autumn 俟秋成償官
391 2 歲時 suìshí season / time of the year 歲時一省視而已
392 2 àn to press / to push 出按江西
393 2 shī to lose 石亨本以失律削職
394 2 zhàn war / fighting / battle 戰又不利
395 2 講和 jiǎnghé to make peace / to reconcile 欲朝廷遣使講和
396 2 to make a mistake / to miss 已而振知其誤
397 2 yāo to invite / to welcome 叛閹喜寧嗾使邀大臣迎駕
398 2 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 待寮屬甚嚴
399 2 shàn to rewrite / to transcribe 令工部繕器甲
400 2 luó Luo 也先弟孛羅
401 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 萬一彼果懷詐
402 2 yòu to persuade / to entice / to induce 遣數騎誘敵
403 2 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 即請旨切責
404 2 當時 dāngshí then / at that time / while 當時見推
405 2 tīng to listen 不聽離任
406 2 jīng essence 時京師勁甲精騎皆陷沒
407 2 軍務 jūnwù military 李永昌同謙理軍務
408 2 míng bright / brilliant 明矣
409 2 yǐn to hide / to conceal 無所隱
410 2 zhèn town 迤北有三人至鎮
411 2 xié to clasp under the arm 王振挾帝親征
412 2 文武 wén wǔ civil and military 召還所遣召募文武官及鎮守中官在內地者
413 2 easy / simple 易諸府州
414 2 lài to bestow / to confer 賞賚與諸大臣等
415 2 切責 qiēzé to blame / to reprimand 移檄切責
416 2 hào number 號呼投磚石擊寇
417 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 以為才勝己也
418 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 生七歲
419 2 改元 gǎiyuán to change an emperor's or ruler's reign title 丙戌改元天順
420 2 shí knowledge / understanding 悉加封識
421 2 duì team / group 後隊斬前隊
422 2 to break / to ruin / to destroy 而也先挾上皇破紫荊關直入
423 2 lòu to carve / to inlay / to engrave 鏤板示天下
424 2 shòu to hunt 上皇北狩且一年矣
425 2 extra / surplus / remainder 所餘疲卒不及十萬
426 2 zhōu a state / a province 易諸府州
427 2 本部 běnbù headquarters / head office 即遷本部尚書
428 2 zhuó to pull out 謙薦擢本部右侍郎
429 2 shì to release / to set free 得釋
430 2 陝西 Shǎnxī Shaanxi 疏奏陝西諸處官校為民害
431 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 俟秋成償官
432 2 a call to arms / a proclaimation of war 謙請王檄取兩京
433 2 shì to show / to reveal 鏤板示天下
434 2 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace 東宮既易
435 2 evening / night 朝上夕報可
436 2 concerned about / anxious / worried 嘯聚可虞
437 2 zàng to bury the dead 歸葬杭州
438 2 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 素病痰
439 2 貴州 Guìzhōu Guizhou 貴州苗未平
440 2 tóng like / same / similar 李永昌同謙理軍務
441 2 zhèng upright / straight 謙正詞嶄嶄
442 2 secret / hidden / confidential 必密訪謙
443 2 宣德 Xuāndé Emperor Xuande 宣德初
444 2 職方 zhífāng official titles 再遷職方郎中
445 2 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 令謙選精兵屯教場以便調用
446 2 cāo to conduct / to run / to manage 河南備操軍
447 2 皇太后 huángtàihòu empress dowager 請皇太后立郕王
448 2 píng flat / level / smooth 平章卯那孩中砲死
449 2 plain / white 與內侍曹吉祥等皆素憾謙
450 2 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 謙亦毅然以社稷安危為己任
451 2 wèi position / location / place 天位已定
452 2 interest 內患以息
453 2 to pay respects 諡肅湣
454 2 shì a generation 亨功不加謙而得世侯
455 2 復命 fùmìng to report on completion of a mission / debriefing 乃復命謙巡撫
456 2 無餘 wúyú without remainder / niravaśeṣa 家無餘資
457 2 to make a false accusation / to defame 誣謙等與黃竑構邪議
458 2 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 每有征行
459 2 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 誣謙等與黃竑構邪議
460 2 吏部 lì bù personnel office / ministry of appointments 乃手書謙名授吏部
461 2 hóng a flood 楊洪
462 2 族誅 zúzhū to execute all of somebody's relatives 廷臣請族誅王振
463 2 龍門 lóngmén Longmen 謙使都督孫安以輕騎出龍門關據之
464 2 cháng to repay / to recompense 俟秋成償官
465 2 to stop / to cease / to suspend 何文淵議罷二司
466 2 fǎng to visit 延訪父老
467 2 kuī to peep / to watch / to spy on / to pry 窺京師
468 2 不見 bújiàn to not see 獨不見宋南渡事乎
469 2 gěi to give 隨分支給
470 2 shū book 乃取前後所賜璽書
471 2 soil / ground / land 召還所遣召募文武官及鎮守中官在內地者
472 2 上下 shàngxià to go up and down 上下無固志
473 2 kind / gentle / gracious / genial 高煦出降
474 2 lèi to pour a libation / to sprinkle 以酒酹謙死所
475 2 wàng to gaze / to look towards 劾謙以久不遷怨望
476 2 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 吏部尚書王直執謙手歎曰
477 2 安邊 ānbiān to pacify frontier troubles 條上安邊三策
478 2 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 使陰圖之
479 2 瓦剌 wǎlá Oirats 瓦剌復請朝貢
480 2 biàn to dispute / to debate / to argue / to discuss 辯之疾
481 2 jiān difficult / hard 丁內外艱
482 2 an ancestral hall / a temple 賜祠於其墓曰
483 2 戶部 hùbù Ministry of Revenue 戶部尚書金濂亦疏爭
484 2 tíng pavilion 計裏置亭
485 2 tàn to sigh 吏部尚書王直執謙手歎曰
486 2 a family clan 遂溪教諭吾豫言謙罪當族
487 2 cān to take part in / to participate 給事中王竑參之
488 2 machine 神機
489 2 奉迎 fèngyíng to greet 大臣王直等議遣使奉迎
490 2 yōng to hold / to embrace / to wrap around / to gather around / to throng / to swarm / to support 遂擁上皇由良鄉西去
491 2 huái bosom / breast 懷慶二府積粟以振
492 2 十九 shíjiǔ nineteen 舉永樂十九年進士
493 2 bǎn board / plank / plate / slab 鏤板示天下
494 2 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 逾年
495 2 zhǎn precipitous / protruding 謙正詞嶄嶄
496 2 不許 bùxǔ not allow / must not / can not 帝不許
497 2 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 江北及北京諸府運糧軍
498 2 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 擒其長一人
499 2 勤王 qín wáng to serve the king 又聞勤王師且至
500 2 郎中 lángzhōng Langzhong 再遷職方郎中

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 115 qiān humble / modest 于謙子
2 56 zhī him / her / them / that 有僧奇之曰
3 36 so as to / in order to 請以每歲三月
4 33 wáng Wang 王偉
5 29 wèi for / to 帝為傾聽
6 28 yuē to speak / to say 有僧奇之曰
7 26 not / no 不聽離任
8 26 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 而免其老疾及貧不能償者
9 25 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而免其老疾及貧不能償者
10 24 his / hers / its / theirs 帝命謙口數其罪
11 23 kòu bandit / thieve 也先大入寇
12 23 zhì to / until 謙至官
13 21 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請以每歲三月
14 21 bīng soldier / troops 埜從治兵
15 21 yǒu is / are / to exist 有僧奇之曰
16 19 supreme ruler / emperor 帝為傾聽
17 19 shàng top / a high position 一歲凡數上
18 19 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 察時事所宜興革
19 18 yán to speak / to say / said 即俱疏言之
20 17 hēng smoothly progressing / no trouble 武臣如石亨
21 17 nián year 舉永樂十九年進士
22 16 and 賞賚與諸大臣等
23 16 zòu to present / to offer 奏對
24 16 to criticize 命群臣議戰守
25 15 也先 yěxiān Esen Taishi 也先大入寇
26 15 zhū all / many / various 賞賚與諸大臣等
27 14 to enter 空橐以入
28 14 rén person / people / a human being 錢塘人
29 14 guān an office 疏奏陝西諸處官校為民害
30 14 níng Nanjing 吳寧
31 13 to die 稱萬死
32 13 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 太行伏盜皆避匿
33 13 děng et cetera / and so on 賞賚與諸大臣等
34 13 zhōng middle 於是給事中王竑廷擊順
35 12 huáng royal / imperial 而也先挾上皇破紫荊關直入
36 12 chū to go out / to leave 高煦出降
37 12 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令府州縣報缺食下戶
38 12 to reach 而免其老疾及貧不能償者
39 12 also / too 他日救時宰相也
40 12 again / more / repeatedly 旋起復
41 12 使 shǐ to make / to cause 通政使李錫阿振指
42 12 naturally / of course / certainly 孫原貞自代
43 12 guī to go back / to return 皆令歸治喪
44 11 de potential marker 得釋
45 11 shì is / are / am / to be 及是
46 11 御史 yùshǐ a censor 授御史
47 11 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃手書謙名授吏部
48 11 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 詔遣御史捕之
49 11 in / at 于謙子
50 11 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 州縣吏秩滿當遷
51 10 jūn army / military 河南備操軍
52 10 qiě moreover / also 且啟王宣諭曰
53 10 also / too 晉諸王亦言之
54 10 chén minister / statesman / official 廷臣請族誅王振
55 10 京師 jīngshī a capital city 而謙每議事京師
56 10 yòng to use / to apply 以資邊用
57 10 yòu again / also 又奏令布政使年富安集其眾
58 9 zhòng many / numerous 又奏令布政使年富安集其眾
59 9 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 宣德初
60 9 都督 dōudū to lead / to command 遣都督孫鏜
61 9 qiān to move / to shift 州縣吏秩滿當遷
62 9 shì matter / thing / item 太監王振方用事
63 9 what / where / which 今日雖百王直何能為
64 9 already / since 也先邀請既不應
65 9 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 而謙自與石亨率副總兵范廣
66 9 hái also / in addition / more 師還
67 9 zhí straight 會增設各部右侍郎為直省巡撫
68 9 wěi great / robust 王偉
69 8 to give / to bestow favors 帝賜第西華門
70 8 河南 hénán Henan 巡撫河南
71 8 gōng merit 而內官數百騎欲爭功
72 8 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 賞賚與諸大臣等
73 8 child / son 于謙子
74 8 zhèn to flap 太監王振方用事
75 8 one 一歲凡數上
76 8 no 道無渴者
77 8 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 四郊多壘
78 8 shí time / a period of time 他日救時宰相也
79 8 promptly / right away / immediately 即俱疏言之
80 8 alone / independent / single / sole 獨下謙
81 8 to die 三楊已前卒
82 7 xíng to walk / to move 詔行之
83 7 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 雷通分兵守九門要地
84 7 wàn ten thousand 稱萬死
85 7 idea 意稍沮
86 7 increase / benefit 字廷益
87 7 èr two 食二品俸
88 7 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 下法司論死
89 7 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 京營兵械且盡
90 7 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 會增設各部右侍郎為直省巡撫
91 7 miǎn crown
92 7 zhī to know 帝知謙可大任
93 7 shòu to teach 授御史
94 7 ministry / department 會增設各部右侍郎為直省巡撫
95 7 otherwise / but / however 一動則大事去矣
96 7 enemy / foe 毋棄以資敵
97 7 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose
98 7 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 亟分遣諸將
99 7 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 郕王監國
100 7 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 固辭
101 7 and 和不足恃
102 7 yáng Yang 三楊在政府
103 7 dōu all 顧佐為都御史
104 7 each 會增設各部右侍郎為直省巡撫
105 7 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 宜亟分道募民兵
106 7 to look after / to attend to 顧佐為都御史
107 6 day of the month / a certain day 他日救時宰相也
108 6 Wu 吳寧
109 6 deputy / assistant / vice- 而謙自與石亨率副總兵范廣
110 6 巡撫 xúnfǔ inspector-general 會增設各部右侍郎為直省巡撫
111 6 can / may / permissible 帝知謙可大任
112 6 sān three 三楊在政府
113 6 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 臨陣將不顧軍先退者
114 6 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 守議乃定
115 6 big / great / huge / large / major 帝大悅
116 6 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 以資邊用
117 6 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 上下無固志
118 6 cháng to taste 嘗忤振
119 6 吉祥 jíxiáng lucky / auspicious 與內侍曹吉祥等皆素憾謙
120 6 final particle 一動則大事去矣
121 6 shí real / true 實出卿等
122 6 to ride an animal or bicycle 時京師勁甲精騎皆陷沒
123 6 nán south 當南遷
124 6 tián field / farmland 盡奪鎮將私墾田為官屯
125 6 yōu to worry / to be concerned 大臣憂國無主
126 6 shì to look at / to see 視京城可旦夕下
127 6 shǔ to count 帝命謙口數其罪
128 6 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 孫原貞自代
129 6 qián front 三楊已前卒
130 6 an official institution / a state bureau 令府州縣報缺食下戶
131 6 shí a rock / a stone 武臣如石亨
132 6 suī although / even though 今日雖百王直何能為
133 5 jiā house / home / residence 請特釋忠勇伯把台家
134 5 qiān one thousand 請留謙者以千數
135 5 cóng from 埜從治兵
136 5 yuān grievance / injustice / a wrong 雪冤囚數百
137 5 Li 通政使李錫阿振指
138 5 desire 王懼欲起
139 5 jiàn to recommend / to elect 薦參政王來
140 5 tōng to go through / to open 通政使李錫阿振指
141 5 guān to close 令官軍自詣關支
142 5 mìng life 命群臣議戰守
143 5 xià next 獨下謙
144 5 to lift / to hold up / to raise 舉永樂十九年進士
145 5 wén to hear 輒上聞
146 5 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 國家正賴公耳
147 5 山西 shānxī Shanxi 山西
148 5 that / those 況我與彼不共戴天
149 5 qīng minister / high officer 左遷大理寺少卿
150 5 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 太監王振方用事
151 5 to stand 請皇太后立郕王
152 5 mín the people / citizen / subjects 疏奏陝西諸處官校為民害
153 5 zài in / at 在官九年
154 5 wǎng to go (in a direction) 嶽謙往
155 5 a measure word for companies, households, door, families, etc 令府州縣報缺食下戶
156 5 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂擁上皇由良鄉西去
157 5 xuān to declare / to announce 且啟王宣諭曰
158 5 I / me / my 使敵益輕我
159 5 shū to remove obstructions 疏奏陝西諸處官校為民害
160 5 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 欲朝廷遣使講和
161 5 zuì crime / sin / vice 帝命謙口數其罪
162 5 shēn human body / torso 臣身當之
163 5 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 謙與尚書鄺埜極諫
164 5 兵部 bīngbù Ministry of War 超遷兵部右侍郎
165 5 sūn Sun 孫原貞自代
166 4 bìng and / furthermore / also 並令種樹鑿井
167 4 ér son 又計授王偉誘誅間者小田兒
168 4 you / thou 從汝
169 4 to strike / to hit / to beat 於是給事中王竑廷擊順
170 4 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 都指揮李端正陽門
171 4 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡奪鎮將私墾田為官屯
172 4 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 衛卒聲洶洶
173 4 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 悉閉諸城門
174 4 hóng large 於是給事中王竑廷擊順
175 4 already / afterwards 三楊已前卒
176 4 měi each / every 請以每歲三月
177 4 chéng Cheng 郕王監國
178 4 to arise / to get up 旋起復
179 4 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument
180 4 meaning / sense 毛福壽卻敵彰義門北
181 4 chéng a city / a town 徙附郭居民入城
182 4 lèi to be tired 前後贖還累數百人
183 4 biàn to change / to alter 侍講徐珵言星象有變
184 4 正統 zhèngtǒng orthodox 正統六年疏言
185 4 nèi inside / interior 多為內應
186 4 to calculate / to compute / to count 計裏置亭
187 4 zuò to sit 從之則坐敝
188 4 天下 tiānxià China 京師天下根本
189 4 běi north 毛福壽卻敵彰義門北
190 4 to defend / to resist 都督孫堂禦之
191 4 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 不允
192 4 chì an imperial decree 十月敕謙提督各營軍馬
193 4 gǎn bold / brave 敢邀功賞哉
194 4 景帝 Jǐng Dì Emperor Jing of Han 景帝立
195 4 to go 一動則大事去矣
196 4 dìng to decide 守議乃定
197 4 gǎi to change / to alter 帝顧而改容曰
198 4 liáng provisions 預備糧有未足
199 4 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 十三年以兵部左侍郎召
200 4 xiān first 先菽秫
201 4 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 請留謙者以千數
202 4 suì age 生七歲
203 4 private 盡奪鎮將私墾田為官屯
204 4 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 輒上聞
205 4 shè to set up / to establish 奏別設御史治之
206 4 景泰 Jǐngtài Emperor Jingtai 景泰元年三月
207 4 duì to / toward 奏對
208 4 cháo to face 謙入朝
209 4 huì can / be able to 會增設各部右侍郎為直省巡撫
210 4 móu to plan / to scheme 皆以喜寧為謀主
211 4 to take / to get / to fetch 謙請王檄取兩京
212 4 yīn because 且因諜用間
213 4 yīng should / ought 也先邀請既不應
214 4 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小有水旱
215 4 zhǔ owner 自是邊將人人主戰守
216 4 bèi to prepare / get ready 河南備操軍
217 4 大同 Dàtóng Datong 大同孤懸塞外
218 4 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 張軏
219 4 disease / sickness / ailment 而免其老疾及貧不能償者
220 4 to be fond of / to like 帝喜
221 4 wén writing / text 何文淵議罷二司
222 4 zuǒ left 遷左侍郎
223 4 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 又奏令布政使年富安集其眾
224 4 前後 qiánhòu front and back 前後在任十九年
225 4 yòu right / right-hand 會增設各部右侍郎為直省巡撫
226 4 xīng to flourish / to be popular 鎮遠侯顧興祖阜成門
227 4 letter / symbol / character 字廷益
228 4 to associate with / be near 一時無與比
229 4 wèi Eighth earthly branch 預備糧有未足
230 3 jīn gold 索金帛以萬萬計
231 3 進士 jìnshì jinshi / a palace graduate 舉永樂十九年進士
232 3 such as / for example / for instance 文臣如軒輗者
233 3 tíng court / royal court 字廷益
234 3 lùn to comment / to discuss 下法司論死
235 3 zhèn a wave / a spate / a burst / spell / short period of time 列陣九門外
236 3 wài outside 列營郭外
237 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜亟分道募民兵
238 3 ěr ear 國家正賴公耳
239 3 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 每攜故所掠人口至
240 3 no 知終弗可得志
241 3 jīng to be surprised / to be frightened / to be scared 王驚謝至再
242 3 reason / logic / truth 留謙理部事
243 3 gāo high / tall 高煦出降
244 3 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 察時事所宜興革
245 3 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 而免其老疾及貧不能償者
246 3 zhū cinnabar 武進伯硃瑛朝陽門
247 3 shùn to obey 而振党馬順者
248 3 guǎng wide / large / vast 而謙自與石亨率副總兵范廣
249 3 suí to follow 而也先隨入寇
250 3 a statute / a law / a regulation 雖勳臣宿將小不中律
251 3 zōng school / sect 浙江葉宗留
252 3 rate / frequency 率師二十二萬
253 3 zhào an imperial decree 詔遣御史捕之
254 3 shī teacher 師還
255 3 shǎo few 左遷大理寺少卿
256 3 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 法當誅
257 3 father's elder brother / uncle 廣寧伯劉安東直門
258 3 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 而謙自與石亨率副總兵范廣
259 3 英宗 Yīngzōng Yingzong 英宗尚猶豫曰
260 3 shēng sound 衛卒聲洶洶
261 3 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 疏奏陝西諸處官校為民害
262 3 hóu marquis / lord 鎮遠侯顧興祖阜成門
263 3 qīng light / not heavy 勢必輕中國
264 3 certainly / must / will / necessarily 於是將士知必死
265 3 gòng tribute / gift 貢使不過百人
266 3 gōng public/ common / state-owned 國家正賴公耳
267 3 zhì sign / mark / flag 上下無固志
268 3 liáo a bureaucrat / an official 僚所至蜂起
269 3 to prevent / to stop 意稍沮
270 3 shāo a little / slightly 人心稍安
271 3 shì to attend on 侍講徐珵言星象有變
272 3 to examine into / to impeach / to charge 劾謙以久不遷怨望
273 3 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 團營之制自此始
274 3 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 孫原貞自代
275 3 gèng more / even more 已更遣其妻子
276 3 yuàn to blame / to complain 劾謙以久不遷怨望
277 3 a thoroughbred horse 得千戶硃驥
278 3 to instruct / to expound / to explain 且啟王宣諭曰
279 3 eight 八城悉以委寇
280 3 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 而免其老疾及貧不能償者
281 3 dào way / road / path 道無渴者
282 3 bǎo to defend / to protect 加謙少保
283 3 five 相持五日
284 3 zhèn to shake / to shock 聲色震厲
285 3 zhèng government / administration 通政使李錫阿振指
286 3 人心 rénxīn popular feeling 人心震恐
287 3 hòu after / later 後隊斬前隊
288 3 shì to rely upon 和不足恃
289 3 rèn to bear / to undertake 帝知謙可大任
290 3 jìn to enter 有貞進曰
291 3 太監 tàijiàn palace eunuch 太監王振方用事
292 3 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 毋棄以資敵
293 3 bái white 千戶白琦又請榜其罪
294 3 běn measure word for books 朕本不欲登大位
295 3 shēn deep 帝深納之
296 3 nán difficult / arduous / hard 因言和議難恃
297 3 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 叛閹喜寧嗾使邀大臣迎駕
298 3 給事 gěishì official (imperial) position 於是給事中王竑廷擊順
299 3 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 帝命謙口數其罪
300 3 三千 sān qiān three thousand 正統十三年至三千餘
301 3 urgently / immediately / extremely 亟赴京師
302 3 tún to station (soldiers) / to store up 盡奪鎮將私墾田為官屯
303 3 chén Chen 武興陳德勝門外
304 3 jiǔ nine 在官九年
305 3 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 請以每歲三月
306 3 xuě snow 雪冤囚數百
307 3 數百 shù bǎi several hundred 雪冤囚數百
308 3 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 令工部繕器甲
309 3 bèi by 興被流矢死
310 3 Xu 侍講徐珵言星象有變
311 3 to be jealous of 亦往往嫉之
312 3 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 待寮屬甚嚴
313 3 jīng Beijing 謙請王檄取兩京
314 3 to open 且啟王宣諭曰
315 3 he / him 他日救時宰相也
316 3 jiān measure word for rooms, houses, luggage, etc 又計授王偉誘誅間者小田兒
317 3 xiè to thank 王驚謝至再
318 3 臣子 chénzǐ an official in feudal court / a subject 臣子何敢自安
319 3 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 可斬也
320 3 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 賞賚與諸大臣等
321 3 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 設遇歲荒
322 3 guì expensive / costly / valuable 大同參將許貴奏
323 3 wealth / capital / money / expenses 厚資以往
324 3 shén what 待寮屬甚嚴
325 3 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 勢亦不得和
326 3 horse 而振党馬順者
327 3 a government official / a magistrate 州縣吏秩滿當遷
328 3 què but / yet / however / while / nevertheless 毛福壽卻敵彰義門北
329 3 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 奏別設御史治之
330 3 this / these 此一腔熱血
331 3 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 亭有長
332 3 rán correct / right / certainly 愀然曰
333 3 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 令謙選精兵屯教場以便調用
334 3 zhǐ to stop / to halt 謙排眾直前掖王止
335 3 shí food / food and drink 令府州縣報缺食下戶
336 3 martial / military 武臣如石亨
337 3 to store 山西積谷各數百萬
338 3 power / force / strength 謙力也
339 3 興安 xīngān Xing'an 復命太監興安
340 3 lái to come 薦參政王來
341 3 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 人心震恐
342 3 to go / to visit / to attend 亟赴京師
343 3 杭州 Hángzhōu Hangzhou 歸葬杭州
344 3 miáo a seedling 貴州苗未平
345 3 jiàn to see 及見官軍嚴陣待
346 3 zhī to support 隨分支給
347 3 zhōng loyalty / devotion 而朕心實憐其忠
348 3 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 太行伏盜皆避匿
349 2 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 不相統一
350 2 山東 Shāndōng Shandong 時山東
351 2 下獄 xiàyù to imprison 即執謙與大學士王文下獄
352 2 huáng yellow 廣東黃蕭養各擁眾僭號
353 2 gòu frame / building / structure 會也先與脫脫不花構
354 2 zhāng clear / obvious 毛福壽卻敵彰義門北
355 2 bǎi one hundred 今日雖百王直何能為
356 2 shì funerary name / posthumous name or title 諡肅湣
357 2 jiù right away 陝西流民就食河南者二十余萬
358 2 為兵 wèi bīng to serve in the military 謙之為兵部也
359 2 州縣 zhōuxiàn a county in a prefecture 令府州縣報缺食下戶
360 2 大事 dàshì a major event 一動則大事去矣
361 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 景泰元年三月
362 2 tài very / extremely 太行伏盜皆避匿
363 2 liǔ willow 榆柳夾路
364 2 to allow / to permit 大同參將許貴奏
365 2 cái just now 以為才勝己也
366 2 鎮將 zhènjiāng a brigade general 盡奪鎮將私墾田為官屯
367 2 sǒu to set a dog on 叛閹喜寧嗾使邀大臣迎駕
368 2 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 欲朝廷遣使講和
369 2 area near capital / imperial domain 降人安置近畿者甚眾
370 2 jìn nearby 河南近河處
371 2 大將 dàjiāng a general / an admiral 以大將鎮之
372 2 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 專設都司
373 2 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 盡奪鎮將私墾田為官屯
374 2 method / way 下法司論死
375 2 tuán group / organization / society 分十營團操
376 2 tiān day 嘩聲動天
377 2 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 徙附郭居民入城
378 2 to sacrifice to / to worship 得復官賜祭
379 2 fèng wages / salary / official emolument 食二品俸
380 2 流民 liú mín a refugee 陝西流民就食河南者二十余萬
381 2 luàn chaotic / disorderly 朝班大亂
382 2 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是給事中王竑廷擊順
383 2 德勝門 déshèngmén Deshengmen 武興陳德勝門外
384 2 dǎng political party 而振党馬順者
385 2 輕騎 qīng qí light cavalry 輕騎遍曆所部
386 2 以資 yǐzī by way of / to serve as 以資邊用
387 2 road / path / way 榆柳夾路
388 2 官軍 guānjūn official army government army 令官軍自詣關支
389 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 舒良
390 2 jià to drive / to sail / to fly 及駕陷土木
391 2 十三 shísān thirteen 十三年以兵部左侍郎召
392 2 yuè cross-bar at the end of the poles of a cart 張軏
393 2 bào newspaper 令府州縣報缺食下戶
394 2 ancestor / forefather 鎮遠侯顧興祖阜成門
395 2 南京 Nánjīng Nanjing 山東及南京沿海備倭軍
396 2 to join / to combine 悉合機宜
397 2 huò or / either / else 或言寵謙太過
398 2 zài again / once more / re- / second / another 王驚謝至再
399 2 福壽 fú shòu happiness and longevity 毛福壽卻敵彰義門北
400 2 seven 生七歲
401 2 dòng to move / to act 一動則大事去矣
402 2 主事 zhǔshì heads of affairs 除兵部主事
403 2 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 待寮屬甚嚴
404 2 chǒng to favor 一時希旨取寵者
405 2 jiǎ armor 時京師勁甲精騎皆陷沒
406 2 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 使者頻至
407 2 liú Liu 都督劉聚西直門
408 2 shù a garrison 戍金齒
409 2 安危 ānwēi safety and danger 謙亦毅然以社稷安危為己任
410 2 inside / interior 計裏置亭
411 2 báo thin / slight / weak 敵以萬騎來薄
412 2 to canvass for contributions / to recruit / to collect / to raise 宜亟分道募民兵
413 2 shū relaxed / calm 舒良
414 2 gān dry 直沽造幹魚
415 2 得志 dezhì to succeed 寇得志
416 2 zhǐ to point 通政使李錫阿振指
417 2 xiāo mournful / dejected 廣東黃蕭養各擁眾僭號
418 2 不顧 bùgù in spite of / regardless of 臨陣將不顧軍先退者
419 2 西 The West 遂擁上皇由良鄉西去
420 2 shì power / authority 勢亦不得和
421 2 hòu thick 謙令厚築堤障
422 2 jiǔ old 劾謙以久不遷怨望
423 2 戰守 zhànshǒu military activities 命群臣議戰守
424 2 guō Guo 列營郭外
425 2 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 而內官數百騎欲爭功
426 2 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 叛閹喜寧嗾使邀大臣迎駕
427 2 wěi to delegate / to commission 八城悉以委寇
428 2 a gem / a precious stone / jade 千戶白琦又請榜其罪
429 2 不及 bùjí not as good as / inferior to 按山西者不及至
430 2 chéng honesty / sincerity 臣等誠憂國家
431 2 open country / field 謙與尚書鄺埜極諫
432 2 jiān to supervise / to inspect 郕王監國
433 2 chéng \N 侍講徐珵言星象有變
434 2 居民 jūmín resident 徙附郭居民入城
435 2 kōng empty / void / hollow 空橐以入
436 2 xūn a meritorious deed 雖勳臣宿將小不中律
437 2 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 列營郭外
438 2 內外 nèiwài inside and outside 丁內外艱
439 2 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 都御史楊善
440 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 謙不可
441 2 record / register / list / census 籍其家
442 2 méi not have 時京師勁甲精騎皆陷沒
443 2 shí ten 分十營團操
444 2 special / unique / distinguished 請特釋忠勇伯把台家
445 2 言官 yánguān Imperial Censor / Remonstrance Official 輒叱言官
446 2 fáng to protect / to defend / to guard 請飭諸邊守臣協力防遏
447 2 永樂 Yǒng Lè Emperor Yong Le 舉永樂十九年進士
448 2 kuí crossroads / thoroughfare 都督同知陳逵感謙忠義
449 2 jǐn brilliance (of gems) 都督陶瑾安定門
450 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 高煦出降
451 2 shǐ beginning / start 也先始有歸上皇意
452 2 to gather / to collect 又奏令布政使年富安集其眾
453 2 to beg / to request 乞敕內外守備及各巡撫加意整飭
454 2 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 山海
455 2 lài to depend on / to rely on 國家正賴公耳
456 2 一時 yīshí a period of time / a while 一時無與比
457 2 chēng to call / to address 稱萬死
458 2 西直門 Xīzhímén Xizhimen 都督劉聚西直門
459 2 xìng gender 至性過人
460 2 yǐn to lead / to guide 謙引為職方司郎中
461 2 xiào to smile / to laugh 謙笑曰
462 2 成化 Chénghuà Emperor Chenghua 成化初
463 2 xiōng a torrential rush 衛卒聲洶洶
464 2 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 及駕陷土木
465 2 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 憂國忘身
466 2 cáo Cao 與內侍曹吉祥等皆素憾謙
467 2 中國 zhōngguó China 勢必輕中國
468 2 wéi only / solely / alone 都御史蕭惟禎定讞
469 2 萬一 wànyī just in case / if by any chance 萬一和而彼肆無厭之求
470 2 to connect / to relate 系獄三月
471 2 qiū fall / autumn 俟秋成償官
472 2 歲時 suìshí season / time of the year 歲時一省視而已
473 2 àn to press / to push 出按江西
474 2 shī to lose 石亨本以失律削職
475 2 zhàn war / fighting / battle 戰又不利
476 2 講和 jiǎnghé to make peace / to reconcile 欲朝廷遣使講和
477 2 to make a mistake / to miss 已而振知其誤
478 2 yāo to invite / to welcome 叛閹喜寧嗾使邀大臣迎駕
479 2 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 待寮屬甚嚴
480 2 shàn to rewrite / to transcribe 令工部繕器甲
481 2 luó Luo 也先弟孛羅
482 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 萬一彼果懷詐
483 2 yòu to persuade / to entice / to induce 遣數騎誘敵
484 2 used to indicate order 帝賜第西華門
485 2 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 即請旨切責
486 2 I 遂溪教諭吾豫言謙罪當族
487 2 當時 dāngshí then / at that time / while 當時見推
488 2 tīng to listen 不聽離任
489 2 jīng essence 時京師勁甲精騎皆陷沒
490 2 軍務 jūnwù military 李永昌同謙理軍務
491 2 míng bright / brilliant 明矣
492 2 yǐn to hide / to conceal 無所隱
493 2 expresses question or doubt 獨不見宋南渡事乎
494 2 zhèn town 迤北有三人至鎮
495 2 xié to clasp under the arm 王振挾帝親征
496 2 self 以為才勝己也
497 2 文武 wén wǔ civil and military 召還所遣召募文武官及鎮守中官在內地者
498 2 easy / simple 易諸府州
499 2 lài to bestow / to confer 賞賚與諸大臣等
500 2 切責 qiēzé to blame / to reprimand 移檄切責

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安定门 安定門 āndìngmén Andingmen neighborhood
八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month
北京 Běijīng Beijing
兵部 bīngbù Ministry of War
朝阳门 朝陽門 cháoyángmén Chaoyangmen
陳兵 Chén Bīng Chen Bing
chéng Cheng
成化 Chénghuà Emperor Chenghua
崇文门 崇文門 chóngwénmén Chongwenmen gate
大发 大發 dàfā Daihatsu
大理寺 Dàlǐsì Court of Judicial Review
大同 Dàtóng
  1. Datong
  2. datong / Grand Unity
大学士 大學士 Dàxué Shì an ancient title for college professor
dèng Deng
德胜门 德勝門 déshèngmén Deshengmen
东宫 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace
东直门 東直門 dōngzhímén Dongzhimen
阜成门 阜成門 fùchéngmén Fuchengmen neighborhood
福建 Fújiàn Fujian
给事 給事 gěishì official (imperial) position
庚申 gēngshēn Gengshen year / fifty seventh year G9 of the 60 year cycle
光禄大夫 光祿大夫 guāng lù dàifu Glorious grand master
广东 廣東 Guǎngdōng Guangdong
广宁 廣寧 guǎngníng Guangning
广平 廣平 guǎngpíng Guangping
广西 廣西 Guǎngxī Guangxi
贵州 貴州 Guìzhōu Guizhou
杭州 Hángzhōu Hangzhou
河间 河間 Héjiān Hejian
弘治 Hóngzhì Emperor Hongzhi
户部 戶部 hùbù Ministry of Revenue
湖广 湖廣 húguǎng Hubei and Hunan provinces
  1. Hebei
  2. to hope
  3. Jizhou
江北 jiāngběi
  1. Jiangbei
  2. Jiangbei airport
  3. Jiangbei
江西 Jiāngxī Jiangxi
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
汉景 景帝 Jǐng Dì Emperor Jing of Han
景泰 Jǐngtài Emperor Jingtai
九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month
居庸关 居庸關 jūyōngguān Juyongguan
kuàng Kuang
乐安 樂安 Lè'ān Le'an
良乡 良鄉 liáng xiāng Liangxiang / Liang township
辽东 遼東 Liáodōng Liaodong Peninsula
刘安 Liú Ān
  1. Liu An
  2. Liu An
龙门 龍門 lóngmén
  1. Longmen
  2. Longmen
南京 Nánjīng Nanjing
钱塘 錢塘 Qiántáng Qiantang
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
山东 山東 Shāndōng Shandong
陕西 陝西 Shǎnxī Shaanxi
Shè She County
十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
遂溪 suìxī Suixi
太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor
天顺 天順 Tiānshùn Emperor Tianshun / Emperor Zhengtong
通州 Tōngzhōu Tongzhou District
脱脱 脫脫 Tuōtuō Toktoghan / Tuoketuo / Toqto'a / Tuotuo
瓦剌 wǎlá Oirats
万历 萬曆 Wànlì Emperor Wanli
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
  6. to speak loudly
武进 武進 wǔjìn Wujin
襄王 Xiāng Wáng King Xiang of Zhou
西华 西華 Xīhuà Xihua
兴安 興安 xīngān
  1. Xing'an
  2. Hinggan league
  3. Xing'an
  4. Xing'an reign
西直门 西直門 Xīzhímén Xizhimen
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
宣德 Xuāndé Emperor Xuande
宣武门 宣武門 xuānwǔmén Xuanwumen
阳门 陽門 Yángmén Yangmen
言官 yánguān Imperial Censor / Remonstrance Official
也先 yěxiān Esen Taishi
英宗 Yīngzōng Yingzong
宜兴 宜興 Yíxīng Yixing
永乐 永樂 Yǒng Lè Emperor Yong Le
永昌 Yǒngchāng
  1. Yongchang
  2. Yongchang
永平 Yǒngpíng
  1. Yong Ping reign
  2. Yong Ping reign
永清 yǒngqīng Yongqing
yuè
  1. Yue
  2. Yue
  3. a mountain peak / a high mountain / a summit
宰相 zǎixiàng chancellor / prime minister
张仪 張儀 zhāng yí Zhang Yi
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
浙江 Zhèjiāng
  1. Zhejiang
  2. Zhe River / Qiantang River
真定 Zhēndìng Zhending / Zhengding
正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year
镇远 鎮遠 zhènyuǎn Zhenyuan
直沽 Zhígū Zhigu
中原 zhōng yuán the Central Plains of China
中国 中國 Zhōngguó
  1. China
  2. Middle Kingdom
周至 Zhōuzhì Zhouzhi
诸城 諸城 zhūchéng Zhucheng

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English