Glossary and Vocabulary for History of Ming 《明史》, 卷一百三十五 列傳第二十三 陳遇 葉兌 范常 宋思顏 郭景祥 楊元杲 阮弘道 孔克仁 Volume 135 Biographies 23: Chen Yu, Ye Dui, Fan Chang, Song Siyan, Guo Jingxiang, Yang Yuangao, Ruan Hongdao, Kong Keren

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 51 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 太祖渡江
2 28 yuē to speak / to say 遇曰
3 23 shì matter / thing / item 精繪事
4 23 to prevail 以攻則克
5 18 bīng soldier / troops 而察罕兵勢甚盛
6 18 rén person / people / a human being 先世曹人
7 17 rén a kernel / a pit 孔克仁
8 17 guān an office 已而棄官歸隱
9 16 mìng life 命草
10 14 mín the people / citizen / subjects 奉命至浙江廉察民隱
11 14 shū book 發書聘之
12 13 supreme ruler / emperor 帝沉吟良久
13 13 cháng to taste 帝嘗從容言欲官其子
14 12 shǔ to count 精象數之學
15 12 can / may / permissible 兼可守淮矣
16 12 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 陳遇
17 11 nián year 洪武三年
18 11 wáng Wang 太祖為吳王
19 11 天下 tiānxià China 言天下大計
20 11 an official institution / a state bureau 即元御史台為府
21 11 child / son 帝嘗從容言欲官其子
22 10 使 shǐ to make / to cause 得一城而使人肝腦塗地
23 10 yán to speak / to say / said 帝嘗從容言欲官其子
24 10 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善書
25 10 sān three 三授翰林學士
26 10 chēng to call / to address 語必稱
27 10 wén writing / text 兼弘文館大學士
28 10 lóng dragon 以秦從龍薦
29 10 jǐng sunlight 郭景祥
30 10 shí time / a period of time 時太祖居富民家
31 10 shòu to teach 授供奉司丞
32 10 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今之規模
33 10 chén Chen 陳遇
34 9 guī to go back / to return 請告歸
35 9 letter / symbol / character 字中行
36 9 to die 十七年卒
37 9 desire 帝嘗從容言欲官其子
38 9 shì to attend on 即侍帷幄
39 9 xiáng good luck / blessing 郭景祥
40 8 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 奉命至浙江廉察民隱
41 8 néng can / able 有能聲
42 8 to give / to bestow favors 乃賜肩輿一乘
43 8 zhōng middle 除中書左丞
44 8 to take / to get / to fetch 規取張士誠
45 8 jìn to enter 西域進良馬
46 8 gōng to attack / to assault 徐達之攻鎮江也
47 8 渡江 dù jiāng to cross a river 太祖渡江
48 8 zài in / at 張氏重鎮在紹興
49 8 lián a waterfall 王濂
50 8 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog
51 8 dào way / road / path 陳顯道招諭
52 8 gēng 7th heavenly stem 同時所設省中官李夢庚
53 8 mèng a dream 同時所設省中官李夢庚
54 8 gǎo to shine / to be high 楊元杲
55 8 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 非直守江
56 7 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 淮東諸郡亦將來歸
57 7 wén to hear 聞有秦元之者
58 7 hàn Han Chinese 遇引漢故事以諫
59 7 zhī to know 左右皆不能知
60 7 to think / consider / to ponder 宋思顏
61 7 huái Huai River 進則越兩淮以北征
62 7 zuò to sit 賜坐
63 7 rèn to bear / to undertake 任賢
64 7 dìng to decide 分兵略定屬邑
65 7 jūn army / military 收其稅糧以贍軍中
66 7 one 列一綱三目
67 7 洪武 Hóng Wǔ Hong Wu / Emperor Taizu of Ming 洪武三年
68 7 yán color 宋思顏
69 7 Li 甥李文忠奉金綺造其廬聘焉
70 7 zhuó to pull out 擢翰林直學士兼太常卿
71 7 to die 從龍子澤死
72 7 residence / dwelling 徙居建康
73 7 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 終成其高
74 6 中原 zhōng yuán the Central Plains of China 北略中原
75 6 wèi to call 太祖謂之曰
76 6 qín Shaanxi 以秦從龍薦
77 6 太平 tàipíng peaceful 取太平
78 6 tíng a courtyard 潘庭堅
79 6 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose
80 6 弘道 hóngdào Hongdao 阮弘道
81 6 shì a gentleman / a knight 規取張士誠
82 6 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜北絕李察罕
83 6 chéng a city / a town 則以鎖城法困之
84 6 hòu after / later 後遣夏煜
85 6 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 時方督軍至鎮江
86 6 bright / shining / brilliant 後遣夏煜
87 6 píng flat / level / smooth 平西詔
88 6 to reach 及定集慶
89 6 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 左右皆不能知
90 6 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 帝嘗問保國安民至計
91 6 Háng to cross a stream 南包杭
92 6 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 進則越兩淮以北征
93 6 hǎn rare 而察罕兵勢甚盛
94 6 jiān hard / strong / firm 潘庭堅
95 6 to instruct / to expound / to explain 陳顯道招諭
96 6 chén minister / statesman / official 臣三子皆幼
97 5 jiā house / home / residence 子孫因家焉
98 5 liǎng two 進則越兩淮以北征
99 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 以陶安薦
100 5 郎中 lángzhōng Langzhong 分任行中書省左右司郎中
101 5 紹興 shàoxīng Shaoxing 張氏重鎮在紹興
102 5 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請俟異日
103 5 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷官雲南左參政
104 5 to supervise 建大都督府
105 5 duì to cash 葉兌
106 5 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終成其高
107 5 a piebald horse 又有毛騏
108 5 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖義甫
109 5 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 太祖總省事
110 5 shī teacher 今義師已克江州
111 5 jiāng a large river 太祖自迎之於龍江
112 5 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 常以簡易為治
113 5 kuò wide / open / empty 報擴廓聘
114 5 qīn relatives 或親至其家燕飲
115 5 chéng honesty / sincerity 學者稱為靜誠先生
116 5 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂留參密議
117 5 meaning / sense 高祖義甫
118 5 to take / to receive / to accept 彼即奉書納款
119 5 Wu 太祖為吳王
120 5 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多得全釋
121 5 tóng like / same / similar 因邀從龍與同處
122 5 kuò to expand / to enlarge / to stretch 報擴廓聘
123 5 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 誘令張昶齎詔而來
124 5 平江 píngjiāng Pingjiang 而以平江為巢穴
125 5 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分命將卒四面立營
126 5 four 南並張九四
127 5 jiàn to see 日見親信
128 5 浙東 Zhè Dōng Eastern Zhejiang 而庭堅與王愷守浙東
129 5 to gather / to collect 拘集舟艦
130 5 yáng Yang 楊元杲
131 5 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋病卒
132 5 to enter 處入
133 4 yòng to use / to apply 自知兵不可用
134 4 中書省 Zhōngshūs hěng Central Secretariat 擢中書省博士
135 4 a river / a stream 汪河
136 4 shàng top / a high position 此上計也
137 4 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固辭
138 4 shì power / authority 而察罕兵勢甚盛
139 4 zhào an imperial decree 平西詔
140 4 dōng east 淮東諸郡亦將來歸
141 4 jiǔ nine 南並張九四
142 4 quán perfect 多得全釋
143 4 zhǔ owner 主會試
144 4 zhǎng palm of the hand 兼掌晨昏歷
145 4 xià summer 後遣夏煜
146 4 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 知天運有歸
147 4 kǒng opening / small hole / orifice 孔克仁
148 4 xué to study / to learn 精象數之學
149 4 群雄 qúnxióng outstanding heroes / warlords vying for supremacy (in former times) / stars (of sports or pop music) 則群雄當早伏其辜
150 4 行省 xíngshěng province 仕終浙江行省參政
151 4 zhāo to beckon / to hail 遣使至金陵招太祖
152 4 táo Tao 以陶安薦
153 4 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 召入為侍儀
154 4 zhí straight 非直守江
155 4 江南 Jiāngnán Region South of the Yangtze River 官江南行台侍御史
156 4 ěr ear 不過欲款我師耳
157 4 參議 cānyì consultant / adviser 以李善長及思顏為參議
158 4 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 遂留參密議
159 4 idea 致吾欲見意
160 4 xíng to walk / to move 官江南行台侍御史
161 4 zhèng upright / straight 太祖命從子文正
162 4 浙江 Zhèjiāng Zhejiang 奉命至浙江廉察民隱
163 4 to criticize 遂留參密議
164 4 to calculate / to compute / to count 帝嘗問保國安民至計
165 4 zhōu a state / a province 諸將克和州
166 4 gāo high / tall 終成其高
167 4 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 以觀天下之釁
168 4 móu to plan / to scheme 事無大小悉與之謀
169 4 鎮江 zhènjiāng Zhenjiang 避居鎮江
170 4 soil / ground / land 拓地江
171 4 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 致吾欲見意
172 4 規模 guīmó size / scale / scope / extent 必有一定之規模
173 4 big / great / huge / large / major 大悅
174 4 wèi Eighth earthly branch 以消未然之變
175 4 děng et cetera / and so on 夏煜等數十人
176 4 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 命爵輒辭
177 4 shěng province 同時所設省中官李夢庚
178 4 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 授供奉司丞
179 4 zhēn precious thing / treasure / a rarity 方國珍
180 4 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 彼既降我
181 4 to attain / to reach 徐達之攻鎮江也
182 4 婺州 Wùzhōu Wuzhou 往年大兵取婺州
183 4 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 命典文牘
184 4 ruǎn Ruan 阮弘道
185 4 Chú Chu River 況自滁
186 4 sufficient / enough 足蔽全吳
187 4 suì age 後數歲
188 4 qiáng strong / powerful 強之
189 3 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 事無大小悉與之謀
190 3 河南 hénán Henan 後奉命偕錢楨至河南
191 3 lèi kind / type / class / category 物類盡矣
192 3 guǎng wide / large / vast
193 3 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 列一綱三目
194 3 qīng minister / high officer 除太常少卿
195 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 謝再興之守諸全也
196 3 shì to be fond of / to have a weakness for 以不嗜殺人
197 3 wèn to ask 帝嘗問保國安民至計
198 3 leaf / foliage / petal 葉兌
199 3 jiā excellent 太祖嘉其能達己意
200 3 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 佐謀議
201 3 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 因邀從龍與同處
202 3 chóu a chip / a tally / a token 故兌書於三者籌之為詳
203 3 元末 yuánmò late Yuan 元末為溫州教授
204 3 jiǔ old 無使斯民久阽危苦
205 3 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 尋病卒
206 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可
207 3 èr two 二人皆於太祖最故
208 3 suí to follow 嘗隨遇侍帝
209 3 gōng merit 積功擢親軍指揮僉事
210 3 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 下集慶
211 3 liáng provisions 收其稅糧以贍軍中
212 3 lüè plan / strategy 其略曰
213 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 引伊
214 3 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 授供奉司丞
215 3 fǎng to visit 汝當詢訪
216 3 wāng vast / extensive / deep 汪廣洋於江西
217 3 西 The West 平西詔
218 3 shí ten 衛士十人護出入
219 3 běi north 宜北絕李察罕
220 3 大兵 dà bīng ordinary soldier 而大兵直搗平江
221 3 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 而寵禮之隆
222 3 zàng to bury the dead 賜葬鐘山
223 3 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 征庭堅為帥府教授
224 3 guō Guo 郭景祥
225 3 行中書省 xíng zhōngshūshěng Branch Secretariat 置江南行中書省
226 3 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 范常
227 3 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 陳顯道招諭
228 3 sòng Song dynasty 宋翰林學士
229 3 xiān first 氣已先挫
230 3 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 則以鎖城法困之
231 3 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 洪武元年
232 3 power / force / strength 遇力為解
233 3 按察 ànchá to investigate / to inspect 官至江西按察使
234 3 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 城固難以驟拔
235 3 bào newspaper 顧遣使從海道報元
236 3 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 後遣夏煜
237 3 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 洪武元年使總制浙東諸府
238 3 zuǒ left 除中書左丞
239 3 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 必圖歸附
240 3 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 人心不屬
241 3 láo to toil 三郡可不勞而定
242 3 pìn to engage / to hire 發書聘之
243 3 shì an official 仕元
244 3 liàng to excuse / to forgive 太祖征陳友諒
245 3 yuǎn far / distant 遇弟遠
246 3 xìn a quarrel 以觀天下之釁
247 3 fán a railing / a fence an enclosed place 樊景昭者
248 3 míng bright / brilliant 致書明公
249 3 布衣 bùyī plain cotton clothing / the common people 以布衣獻書太祖
250 3 cān to take part in / to participate 遂留參密議
251 3 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 時以為榮
252 3 jīng essence 精象數之學
253 3 a scholar 輒命儒臣列坐
254 3 shū father's younger brother 且遣韓叔義為說客
255 3 紀律 jìlǜ laws / regulations / discipline 然有兵而無紀律者河北也
256 3 jiàn to recommend / to elect 以秦從龍薦
257 3 xián virtuous / worthy 任賢
258 3 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 為翰林待詔
259 3 賦詩 fù shī to versify / to compose poetry 賦詩為樂
260 3 shēng sound 有能聲
261 3 gào to tell / to say / said / told 請告歸
262 3 參政 cān zhèng to be involved in politics / participation in politics 歷官雲南左參政
263 3 xiū to decorate / to embellish 有修潔稱
264 3 dialect / language / speech 與語
265 3 clothes / clothing 賜銀幣襲衣
266 3 shǐ beginning / start 遇自開基之始
267 3 day of the month / a certain day 日見親信
268 3 tiān day 知天運有歸
269 3 nán difficult / arduous / hard 則猝難定也
270 2 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 遇力為解
271 2 huò to reap / to harvest 斬獲多
272 2 biàn to change / to alter 以消未然之變
273 2 bèi to prepare / get ready 江之所備
274 2 fèng to offer / to present 甥李文忠奉金綺造其廬聘焉
275 2 tún to station (soldiers) / to store up 屯田固守
276 2 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 陳友諒既滅
277 2 江東 jiāngdōng Jiangdong 鼎足江東
278 2 an item 列一綱三目
279 2 zàn to praise 皆兩人協贊
280 2 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 咸稱旨
281 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 而反欲招我降元
282 2 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 授禮部侍郎
283 2 劉基 Liú Jī Liu Ji 儒臣惟劉基與煜侍
284 2 zhì to place / to lay out 更置官吏
285 2 tiger 句容虎為害
286 2 三代 Sān Dài three dynasties 以復三代之舊
287 2 形勢 xíngshì circumstances / situation 與先主論三分形勢者是也
288 2 zhì sign / mark / flag 太祖志圖中原
289 2 cǎo grass / straw / herbs 命草
290 2 塗炭 tútàn extreme distress / in utter misery 生民塗炭
291 2 yǒu friend / companion 太祖征陳友諒
292 2 easy / simple 部將私販易吳境
293 2 bèi a comet 河北有孛羅帖木兒
294 2 to record 仕至周府紀善
295 2 qiān to move / to shift 遷起居注
296 2 solitary 杭城勢孤
297 2 to wait for / to wait until / as soon as 請俟異日
298 2 zhòng many / numerous 御眾無紀律
299 2 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 積功擢親軍指揮僉事
300 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 廷臣或有過被譴責
301 2 江州 jiāngzhōu Jiuzhou 今義師已克江州
302 2 to inspect / to check 如復稽遲
303 2 xióng manly 滕州段士雄反
304 2 xiù refined / elegant / graceful
305 2 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 太祖出郊握手送之
306 2 重鎮 zhòng zhèn a strategic town 張氏重鎮在紹興
307 2 句容 jùróng Jurong 句容虎為害
308 2 帖木兒 Tièmù'ér Timur / Tamerlane 河北有孛羅帖木兒
309 2 hóu marquis / lord 侯元善
310 2 a lake
311 2 ancestor / forefather 子祖
312 2 福建 Fújiàn Fujian 福建本浙江一道
313 2 思齊 sīqí ambitious 關中有李思齊
314 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 卒以勝之
315 2 大事 dàshì a major event 何以成大事
316 2 responsibility / duty 責其歸順
317 2 Soviet Union 所攻在蘇
318 2 zhōng loyalty / devotion 甥李文忠奉金綺造其廬聘焉
319 2 李善長 lǐ shànzhǎng Li Shanchang 以李善長及思顏為參議
320 2 to store 積功擢親軍指揮僉事
321 2 to defend / to resist 親御便殿諭遣之
322 2 nán south 南並張九四
323 2 hài to injure / to harm to 句容虎為害
324 2 jīn gold 還賜金帛
325 2 學士 xuéshì bachelor degree 擢翰林直學士兼太常卿
326 2 所為 suǒwèi what one does / doings 而察罕欲效操所為
327 2 部將 bùjiāng commander / chieftain 部將私販易吳境
328 2 kuì food 仍於兩淮間饋運可通之處
329 2 kǎi joyful / kind / harmonious 而庭堅與王愷守浙東
330 2 御史台 yùshǐtái a censor 即元御史台為府
331 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 致書明公
332 2 wēn warm / lukewarm 撫溫
333 2 a statute / a law / a regulation 會修律令
334 2 江西 Jiāngxī Jiangxi 汪廣洋於江西
335 2 江左 jiāngzuǒ Jiangzuo 江左兵勢日盛
336 2 lùn to comment / to discuss 與先主論三分形勢者是也
337 2 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 太祖自迎之於龍江
338 2 金華 jīnhuà Jinhua 改為金華府
339 2 Xu 徐達之攻鎮江也
340 2 embroidered official or sacrificial robe 子黼
341 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 字良仲
342 2 huǎn slow / sluggish / gradual 事宜速不宜緩
343 2 奉命 fèngmìng to receive orders / to follow orders / to act under orders 奉命至浙江廉察民隱
344 2 to cry / to weep / to wail 親臨哭之
345 2 禮樂 lǐlè rites and music 復先王禮樂為首務
346 2 yuè pleased 大悅
347 2 to be fond of / to like 太祖喜
348 2 to sympathize / to give relief / to compensate 厚恤其家
349 2 太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy 除太常少卿
350 2 關中 Guānzhōng Guangzhong 關中有李思齊
351 2 qiān one thousand 官廩有谷數千石
352 2 文字 wénzì character / script / writing / written language / writing style / phraseology 與陶安等更番掌行機宜文字
353 2 qiè to steal / to usurp / to encroach on / to endanger 竊以元運將終
354 2 reason / logic / truth 命權理中書省事
355 2 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 審人事
356 2 河北 héběi Hebei 河北有孛羅帖木兒
357 2 wěi to delegate / to commission 謂江東委之納款
358 2 hurried / worried 莫急上流
359 2 shī to lose 朕失一臂
360 2 què a watchtower 嘗師余闕
361 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 生民塗炭
362 2 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 字允中
363 2 xiè to thank 謝去
364 2 糧道 liángdào route for providing foodstuff 以彼糧道在三江斗門也
365 2 巢穴 cháoxué a lair / a nest / a den 而以平江為巢穴
366 2 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 執夢庚降於吳
367 2 tōng to go through / to open 北跨通
368 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 即命殺虎
369 2 滁州 chúzhōu Chuzhou 克滁州
370 2 先生 xiānsheng Mr. / sir / mister / teacher / title of respect / gentleman 學者稱為靜誠先生
371 2 參軍 cānjūn to join the army 以思顏兼參軍事
372 2 定遠 dìngyuǎn Dingyuan 定遠人
373 2 secret / hidden / confidential 遂留參密議
374 2 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 明年召對華蓋殿
375 2 員外 yuánwài landlord 遷中書省員外郎
376 2 豪傑 háojié hero / towering figure 豪傑互爭
377 2 a man / a male adult 夫金陵
378 2 福州 Fúzhōu Fuzhou 福州必不支
379 2 to adhere / to capture / to restrain 拘集舟艦
380 2 shí a rock / a stone 於城外矢石不到之地別築長圍
381 2 建康 Jiànkāng Jiankang 徙居建康
382 2 cāo to conduct / to run / to manage 而察罕欲效操所為
383 2 to begin 高祖義甫
384 2 lái to come 從龍與妻陳偕來
385 2 xiāng to run friskily (of a horse) / to raise / to hold high 子驤
386 2 quán authority / power 字子權
387 2 shōu to receive / to accept 收其稅糧以贍軍中
388 2 shī poem / verse 老范詩質朴
389 2 之後 zhīhòu after / following / later 宣諭之後
390 2 進取 jìnqǔ to forge ahead / to go forward / to be enterprising 然後進取兩廣
391 2 Tu 得一城而使人肝腦塗地
392 2 金陵 Jīnlíng Jinling / Nanjing 遣使至金陵招太祖
393 2 chǔ to save / to deposit / to store 元杲以郎中擢理軍儲於金華
394 2 to pat / to console / to comfort 撫溫
395 2 帝王 dìwáng an emperor / a regent / a monarch 古稱龍蟠虎踞帝王之都
396 2 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 命有司營葬
397 2 父子 fù zǐ father and son 父子皆以鄉校顯
398 2 to aid / to assist / to help 張良弼
399 2 軍政 jūnzhèng army and government 皆不知修法度以明軍政
400 2 shì to show / to reveal 以示榮寵
401 2 shào to continue / to carry on
402 2 zhāo illustrious 樊景昭者
403 2 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 命景祥相度
404 2 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知何許人
405 2 大計 dàjì a large scale program of lasting importance / a project of paramount importance / a government policy 言天下大計
406 2 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 元末為富陽教諭
407 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 老范詩質朴
408 2 翰林學士 hànlín xuéshì members of the Hanlin Imperial Academy 宋翰林學士
409 2 shè to set up / to establish 設翰林院
410 2 出入 chūrù to go out and come in 衛士十人護出入
411 2 extra / surplus / remainder 余郡解體
412 2 machine 存亡之機
413 2 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 遣使至金陵招太祖
414 2 pān water in which rice has been rinsed 潘庭堅
415 2 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 擢總管府經歷
416 2 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 張氏傾覆可坐而待
417 2 luó Luo 河北有孛羅帖木兒
418 2 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 顧遣使從海道報元
419 2 翰林 hànlín Hanlin 為翰林待詔
420 2 ancient / old / palaeo- 古稱龍蟠虎踞帝王之都
421 2 親信 qīnxìn a trusted aide 日見親信
422 2 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 左右皆不能知
423 2 教授 jiàoshòu professor 元末為溫州教授
424 2 chéng to fill 而察罕兵勢甚盛
425 2 hòu thick 太祖與世子厚有贈遺
426 2 láng a minister / an official 遷中書省員外郎
427 2 tián field / farmland 屯田固守
428 2 to arise / to get up 漢高帝起布衣
429 2 increase / benefit 今豢養民間何益
430 2 博士 bóshì Ph.D. 擢中書省博士
431 2 huà painting / picture / drawing 畫楚
432 2 chéng to mount / to climb onto 其釁可乘
433 2 御史 yùshǐ a censor 官江南行台侍御史
434 2 háo a moat / a trench / a ditch 濠人
435 2 文書 wénshū document / official correspondence 典文書
436 2 帷幄 wéiwò a screen / a curtain 即侍帷幄
437 2 extra / surplus / remainder 江北餘孽隨而瓦解
438 2 gōng an artisan / a craftsman / a worker 工詩
439 2 máo hair / fur / feathers 又有毛騏
440 1 zhèn town 再興還鎮
441 1 xié to clasp under the arm 擴廓挾太子以稱戈
442 1 an analogy / a simile / a metaphor / an allegory 諸葛為喻
443 1 皇帝 huángdì Emperor 即皇帝位
444 1 business / industry 使漢業終於如是
445 1 溧陽 Lìyáng Liyang 溧陽
446 1 家燕 jiāyān barn swallow 或親至其家燕飲
447 1 世子 shìzǐ crown prince / heir of a noble house 太祖與世子厚有贈遺
448 1 翰林院 Hànlín Yuàn Imperial Hanlin Academy 設翰林院
449 1 to insult / to ridicule / to disgrace 而有折衝禦侮才
450 1 文臣 wénchén a court official 文臣從渡江
451 1 親愛 qīn ài dear / beloved 民親愛之
452 1 to leave behind 太祖與世子厚有贈遺
453 1 xuán to hang / to suspend 紹興懸隔江海
454 1 Ji 兵不戢
455 1 fèng phoenix 欒鳳
456 1 bèi contemporaries / generation / lifetime 思齊輩碌碌
457 1 留用 liúyòng to keep for use / to retain / to keep somebody in their job 欲留用之
458 1 kài anger / wrath / hatred / enmity 無敵愾之志
459 1 以太 yǐtài Ether- 以太祖之雄謀大略具其事中
460 1 天時 tiānshí the time / the right time / weather conditions / destiny / course of time / heaven's natural order 予揆天時
461 1 jiù to punish / to chastise / to blame 誰執其咎
462 1 章甫 zhāngfǔ ritual cap 字章甫
463 1 參知政事 cānzhī zhèngshì Assistant Administrator 歷官參知政事
464 1 漢書 Hàn Shū Book of Han / History of the Former Han Dynasty / Han Shu 漢書
465 1 lüè to rob / to ransack / to plunder 搜軍中所掠婦女
466 1 謀略 móulüè stratagem / strategy / resourcefulness 故獲聞太祖謀略居多
467 1 diàn \N 無使斯民久阽危苦
468 1 家世 jiāshì family background 家世皆儒者
469 1 舉人 jǔrén juren / a successful candidate in the imperial provincial examination 舉人
470 1 蜂起 fēngqǐ to swarm / to rise in masses 今群雄蜂起
471 1 間諜 jiàndié a spy 尚間諜
472 1 榮寵 róngchǒng fetish 以示榮寵
473 1 雲南 yúnnán Yunnan 歷官雲南左參政
474 1 仁義 rén yì benevolence and righteousness 仁義不施
475 1 hào number 明玉珍父子據蜀僭號
476 1 zhù to help / to assist 抑亦左右丞弼多國士之助歟
477 1 自守 zì shǒu to fend for one's self / to have solid moral character 退則畫長江而自守
478 1 early in morning / dawn 太祖夙知其名
479 1 to resemble / to similar to to 殊似其為人也
480 1 xiāng village / township 父子皆以鄉校顯
481 1 不復 bùfù to not go back 自是不復強以官
482 1 後坐 hòuzuò recoil (of a gun) / backlash 後坐胡惟庸黨死
483 1 聲言 shēngyán to state / to declare / pronouncement / declaration 莫若聲言掩取杭
484 1 暴虐 bàonüè brutal / tyrannical 秦政暴虐
485 1 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 物類盡矣
486 1 已定 yǐdìng already stable 時太祖已定寧越
487 1 jué ancient bronze wine holder 命爵輒辭
488 1 huī to damage / to destroy / to overthrow 元運既隳
489 1 to ferry 濟以寬仁
490 1 shè to ford a stream / to wade across 博涉書史
491 1 jié festival / a special day 亦能抗節肥遯
492 1 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 承以柔遜
493 1 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 以太祖之雄謀大略具其事中
494 1 捕獲 bǔhuò to catch / to capture / to seize 既捕獲
495 1 魯肅 lǔsù Lu Su / Lu Zijing 宜如魯肅計
496 1 學者 xuézhě scholar 學者稱為靜誠先生
497 1 說明 shuōmíng to explain 欲說明公奉詔
498 1 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 豪傑互爭
499 1 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子
500 1 yǐn to drink 或親至其家燕飲

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 75 zhī him / her / them / that 精象數之學
2 53 so as to / in order to 以秦從龍薦
3 51 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 太祖渡江
4 44 his / hers / its / theirs 帝嘗從容言欲官其子
5 41 wèi for / to 元末為溫州教授
6 29 yǒu is / are / to exist 廷臣或有過被譴責
7 28 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 已而棄官歸隱
8 28 yuē to speak / to say 遇曰
9 24 also / too 帝亦弗強也
10 23 and 與語
11 23 shì matter / thing / item 精繪事
12 23 to prevail 以攻則克
13 21 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 勛戚大臣無與比者
14 21 yuán monetary unit / dollar 仕元
15 19 in / at 太祖自迎之於龍江
16 19 cóng from 以秦從龍薦
17 19 not / no 以不嗜殺人
18 18 bīng soldier / troops 而察罕兵勢甚盛
19 18 rén person / people / a human being 先世曹人
20 17 rén a kernel / a pit 孔克仁
21 17 guān an office 已而棄官歸隱
22 17 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆辭
23 16 mìng life 命草
24 15 zhì to / until 遇至
25 14 mín the people / citizen / subjects 奉命至浙江廉察民隱
26 14 naturally / of course / certainly 自是不復強以官
27 14 no 勛戚大臣無與比者
28 14 shū book 發書聘之
29 13 supreme ruler / emperor 帝沉吟良久
30 13 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 江之所備
31 13 cháng to taste 帝嘗從容言欲官其子
32 12 shǔ to count 精象數之學
33 12 can / may / permissible 兼可守淮矣
34 12 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 陳遇
35 11 nián year 洪武三年
36 11 xià next 達下鎮江
37 11 wáng Wang 太祖為吳王
38 11 天下 tiānxià China 言天下大計
39 11 an official institution / a state bureau 即元御史台為府
40 11 child / son 帝嘗從容言欲官其子
41 11 already / afterwards 已而棄官歸隱
42 10 yòu again / also 又辭
43 10 使 shǐ to make / to cause 得一城而使人肝腦塗地
44 10 yán to speak / to say / said 帝嘗從容言欲官其子
45 10 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善書
46 10 sān three 三授翰林學士
47 10 chēng to call / to address 語必稱
48 10 wén writing / text 兼弘文館大學士
49 10 lóng dragon 以秦從龍薦
50 10 jǐng sunlight 郭景祥
51 10 shí time / a period of time 時太祖居富民家
52 10 shòu to teach 授供奉司丞
53 10 zhū all / many / various 淮東諸郡亦將來歸
54 10 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今之規模
55 10 chén Chen 陳遇
56 9 guī to go back / to return 請告歸
57 9 letter / symbol / character 字中行
58 9 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 汝當詢訪
59 9 to die 十七年卒
60 9 otherwise / but / however 進則越兩淮以北征
61 9 already / since 平江既下
62 9 desire 帝嘗從容言欲官其子
63 9 shì to attend on 即侍帷幄
64 9 xiáng good luck / blessing 郭景祥
65 8 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 奉命至浙江廉察民隱
66 8 néng can / able 有能聲
67 8 certainly / must / will / necessarily 語必稱
68 8 to give / to bestow favors 乃賜肩輿一乘
69 8 zhōng middle 除中書左丞
70 8 again / more / repeatedly 復辭
71 8 to take / to get / to fetch 規取張士誠
72 8 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 規取張士誠
73 8 that / those 彼坐守空城
74 8 jìn to enter 西域進良馬
75 8 gōng to attack / to assault 徐達之攻鎮江也
76 8 渡江 dù jiāng to cross a river 太祖渡江
77 8 zài in / at 張氏重鎮在紹興
78 8 lián a waterfall 王濂
79 8 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog
80 8 dào way / road / path 陳顯道招諭
81 8 gēng 7th heavenly stem 同時所設省中官李夢庚
82 8 mèng a dream 同時所設省中官李夢庚
83 8 gǎo to shine / to be high 楊元杲
84 8 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 非直守江
85 7 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 淮東諸郡亦將來歸
86 7 wén to hear 聞有秦元之者
87 7 hàn Han Chinese 遇引漢故事以諫
88 7 zhī to know 左右皆不能知
89 7 to think / consider / to ponder 宋思顏
90 7 huái Huai River 進則越兩淮以北征
91 7 zuò to sit 賜坐
92 7 also / too 帝亦弗強也
93 7 rèn to bear / to undertake 任賢
94 7 I / me / my 彼既降我
95 7 dìng to decide 分兵略定屬邑
96 7 jūn army / military 收其稅糧以贍軍中
97 7 one 列一綱三目
98 7 chū to go out 太祖出郊握手送之
99 7 洪武 Hóng Wǔ Hong Wu / Emperor Taizu of Ming 洪武三年
100 7 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 竊以元運將終
101 7 yán color 宋思顏
102 7 Li 甥李文忠奉金綺造其廬聘焉
103 7 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 范常
104 7 zhuó to pull out 擢翰林直學士兼太常卿
105 7 promptly / right away / immediately 即皇帝位
106 7 to die 從龍子澤死
107 7 residence / dwelling 徙居建康
108 7 such as / for example / for instance 百察罕能如吾何哉
109 7 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 終成其高
110 6 中原 zhōng yuán the Central Plains of China 北略中原
111 6 wèi to call 太祖謂之曰
112 6 qín Shaanxi 以秦從龍薦
113 6 太平 tàipíng peaceful 取太平
114 6 tíng a courtyard 潘庭堅
115 6 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose
116 6 弘道 hóngdào Hongdao 阮弘道
117 6 shì a gentleman / a knight 規取張士誠
118 6 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜北絕李察罕
119 6 jiān simultaneously 兼弘文館大學士
120 6 chéng a city / a town 則以鎖城法困之
121 6 shì is / are / am / to be 自是不復強以官
122 6 hòu after / later 後遣夏煜
123 6 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 時方督軍至鎮江
124 6 bright / shining / brilliant 後遣夏煜
125 6 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故兌書於三者籌之為詳
126 6 píng flat / level / smooth 平西詔
127 6 cái just now 才器老成
128 6 to reach 及定集慶
129 6 de potential marker 多得全釋
130 6 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 左右皆不能知
131 6 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 帝嘗問保國安民至計
132 6 Háng to cross a stream 南包杭
133 6 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 進則越兩淮以北征
134 6 hǎn rare 而察罕兵勢甚盛
135 6 jiān hard / strong / firm 潘庭堅
136 6 to instruct / to expound / to explain 陳顯道招諭
137 6 chén minister / statesman / official 臣三子皆幼
138 5 jiā house / home / residence 子孫因家焉
139 5 liǎng two 進則越兩淮以北征
140 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 以陶安薦
141 5 郎中 lángzhōng Langzhong 分任行中書省左右司郎中
142 5 and 和至廣陵
143 5 紹興 shàoxīng Shaoxing 張氏重鎮在紹興
144 5 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請俟異日
145 5 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷官雲南左參政
146 5 to supervise 建大都督府
147 5 duì to cash 葉兌
148 5 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終成其高
149 5 final particle 兼可守淮矣
150 5 a piebald horse 又有毛騏
151 5 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖義甫
152 5 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 太祖總省事
153 5 shī teacher 今義師已克江州
154 5 jiāng a large river 太祖自迎之於龍江
155 5 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 常以簡易為治
156 5 kuò wide / open / empty 報擴廓聘
157 5 chú except / besides 除中書左丞
158 5 I 致吾欲見意
159 5 qīn relatives 或親至其家燕飲
160 5 wéi only / solely / alone 惟願終始如一
161 5 chéng honesty / sincerity 學者稱為靜誠先生
162 5 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂留參密議
163 5 meaning / sense 高祖義甫
164 5 to take / to receive / to accept 彼即奉書納款
165 5 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 而思顏獨與善長並授參議
166 5 Wu 太祖為吳王
167 5 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多得全釋
168 5 duì to / toward 遇對
169 5 tóng like / same / similar 因邀從龍與同處
170 5 kuò to expand / to enlarge / to stretch 報擴廓聘
171 5 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 誘令張昶齎詔而來
172 5 平江 píngjiāng Pingjiang 而以平江為巢穴
173 5 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分命將卒四面立營
174 5 four 南並張九四
175 5 jiàn to see 日見親信
176 5 浙東 Zhè Dōng Eastern Zhejiang 而庭堅與王愷守浙東
177 5 to gather / to collect 拘集舟艦
178 5 yáng Yang 楊元杲
179 5 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋病卒
180 5 míng measure word for people 太祖夙知其名
181 5 to enter 處入
182 5 what / where / which 百察罕能如吾何哉
183 4 yòng to use / to apply 自知兵不可用
184 4 中書省 Zhōngshūs hěng Central Secretariat 擢中書省博士
185 4 a river / a stream 汪河
186 4 shàng top / a high position 此上計也
187 4 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固辭
188 4 shì power / authority 而察罕兵勢甚盛
189 4 時而 shí ér sometimes 相時而動
190 4 hái also / in addition / more 還賜金帛
191 4 zhào an imperial decree 平西詔
192 4 rán correct / right / certainly 然彼以水為命
193 4 dōng east 淮東諸郡亦將來歸
194 4 jiǔ nine 南並張九四
195 4 quán perfect 多得全釋
196 4 this / these 此其大綱也
197 4 dōu all 古稱龍蟠虎踞帝王之都
198 4 zhǔ owner 主會試
199 4 zhǎng palm of the hand 兼掌晨昏歷
200 4 yīn because 子孫因家焉
201 4 xià summer 後遣夏煜
202 4 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 知天運有歸
203 4 kǒng opening / small hole / orifice 孔克仁
204 4 xué to study / to learn 精象數之學
205 4 群雄 qúnxióng outstanding heroes / warlords vying for supremacy (in former times) / stars (of sports or pop music) 則群雄當早伏其辜
206 4 行省 xíngshěng province 仕終浙江行省參政
207 4 zhāo to beckon / to hail 遣使至金陵招太祖
208 4 táo Tao 以陶安薦
209 4 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 召入為侍儀
210 4 zhí straight 非直守江
211 4 江南 Jiāngnán Region South of the Yangtze River 官江南行台侍御史
212 4 ěr ear 不過欲款我師耳
213 4 qiān all / unanimous 後出為河南道按察僉事
214 4 參議 cānyì consultant / adviser 以李善長及思顏為參議
215 4 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 遂留參密議
216 4 idea 致吾欲見意
217 4 xíng to walk / to move 官江南行台侍御史
218 4 zhèng upright / straight 太祖命從子文正
219 4 浙江 Zhèjiāng Zhejiang 奉命至浙江廉察民隱
220 4 to criticize 遂留參密議
221 4 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃賜肩輿一乘
222 4 to calculate / to compute / to count 帝嘗問保國安民至計
223 4 zhōu a state / a province 諸將克和州
224 4 gāo high / tall 終成其高
225 4 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 以觀天下之釁
226 4 móu to plan / to scheme 事無大小悉與之謀
227 4 鎮江 zhènjiāng Zhenjiang 避居鎮江
228 4 soil / ground / land 拓地江
229 4 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 致吾欲見意
230 4 規模 guīmó size / scale / scope / extent 必有一定之規模
231 4 big / great / huge / large / major 大悅
232 4 wèi Eighth earthly branch 以消未然之變
233 4 děng et cetera / and so on 夏煜等數十人
234 4 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 命爵輒辭
235 4 shěng province 同時所設省中官李夢庚
236 4 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 授供奉司丞
237 4 zhēn precious thing / treasure / a rarity 方國珍
238 4 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 彼既降我
239 4 to attain / to reach 徐達之攻鎮江也
240 4 婺州 Wùzhōu Wuzhou 往年大兵取婺州
241 4 大都 dàdōu generally 建大都督府
242 4 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 命典文牘
243 4 ruǎn Ruan 阮弘道
244 4 Chú Chu River 況自滁
245 4 sufficient / enough 足蔽全吳
246 4 suì age 後數歲
247 4 qiáng strong / powerful 強之
248 3 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 事無大小悉與之謀
249 3 河南 hénán Henan 後奉命偕錢楨至河南
250 3 lèi kind / type / class / category 物類盡矣
251 3 zài again / once more / re- / second / another 謝再興之守諸全也
252 3 bìng and / furthermore / also 南並張九四
253 3 guǎng wide / large / vast
254 3 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 列一綱三目
255 3 qīng minister / high officer 除太常少卿
256 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 謝再興之守諸全也
257 3 shén what 問答甚密
258 3 shì to be fond of / to have a weakness for 以不嗜殺人
259 3 wèn to ask 帝嘗問保國安民至計
260 3 leaf / foliage / petal 葉兌
261 3 jiā excellent 太祖嘉其能達己意
262 3 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 佐謀議
263 3 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 因邀從龍與同處
264 3 chóu a chip / a tally / a token 故兌書於三者籌之為詳
265 3 元末 yuánmò late Yuan 元末為溫州教授
266 3 jiǔ old 無使斯民久阽危苦
267 3 yuè more
268 3 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 尋病卒
269 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可
270 3 èr two 二人皆於太祖最故
271 3 suí to follow 嘗隨遇侍帝
272 3 gōng merit 積功擢親軍指揮僉事
273 3 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 下集慶
274 3 liáng provisions 收其稅糧以贍軍中
275 3 lüè plan / strategy 其略曰
276 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 引伊
277 3 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 授供奉司丞
278 3 fǎng to visit 汝當詢訪
279 3 wāng vast / extensive / deep 汪廣洋於江西
280 3 西 The West 平西詔
281 3 shí ten 衛士十人護出入
282 3 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 命景祥相度
283 3 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 永樂初
284 3 běi north 宜北絕李察罕
285 3 大兵 dà bīng ordinary soldier 而大兵直搗平江
286 3 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 而寵禮之隆
287 3 zàng to bury the dead 賜葬鐘山
288 3 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 征庭堅為帥府教授
289 3 guō Guo 郭景祥
290 3 行中書省 xíng zhōngshūshěng Branch Secretariat 置江南行中書省
291 3 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 范常
292 3 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 陳顯道招諭
293 3 sòng Song dynasty 宋翰林學士
294 3 xiān first 氣已先挫
295 3 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 則以鎖城法困之
296 3 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 洪武元年
297 3 power / force / strength 遇力為解
298 3 按察 ànchá to investigate / to inspect 官至江西按察使
299 3 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 城固難以驟拔
300 3 bào newspaper 顧遣使從海道報元
301 3 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 後遣夏煜
302 3 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 洪武元年使總制浙東諸府
303 3 zuǒ left 除中書左丞
304 3 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 必圖歸附
305 3 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 人心不屬
306 3 láo to toil 三郡可不勞而定
307 3 pìn to engage / to hire 發書聘之
308 3 shì an official 仕元
309 3 liàng to excuse / to forgive 太祖征陳友諒
310 3 yuǎn far / distant 遇弟遠
311 3 xìn a quarrel 以觀天下之釁
312 3 fán a railing / a fence an enclosed place 樊景昭者
313 3 xié together 從龍與妻陳偕來
314 3 míng bright / brilliant 致書明公
315 3 布衣 bùyī plain cotton clothing / the common people 以布衣獻書太祖
316 3 cān to take part in / to participate 遂留參密議
317 3 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 時以為榮
318 3 kuǎn section / paragraph / clause 彼即奉書納款
319 3 jīng essence 精象數之學
320 3 a scholar 輒命儒臣列坐
321 3 shū father's younger brother 且遣韓叔義為說客
322 3 紀律 jìlǜ laws / regulations / discipline 然有兵而無紀律者河北也
323 3 huò or / either / else 廷臣或有過被譴責
324 3 jiàn to recommend / to elect 以秦從龍薦
325 3 xián virtuous / worthy 任賢
326 3 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 為翰林待詔
327 3 賦詩 fù shī to versify / to compose poetry 賦詩為樂
328 3 shēng sound 有能聲
329 3 gào to tell / to say / said / told 請告歸
330 3 參政 cān zhèng to be involved in politics / participation in politics 歷官雲南左參政
331 3 xiū to decorate / to embellish 有修潔稱
332 3 dialect / language / speech 與語
333 3 clothes / clothing 賜銀幣襲衣
334 3 shǐ beginning / start 遇自開基之始
335 3 day of the month / a certain day 日見親信
336 3 tiān day 知天運有歸
337 3 nán difficult / arduous / hard 則猝難定也
338 2 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 遇力為解
339 2 huò to reap / to harvest 斬獲多
340 2 biàn to change / to alter 以消未然之變
341 2 bèi to prepare / get ready 江之所備
342 2 fèng to offer / to present 甥李文忠奉金綺造其廬聘焉
343 2 tún to station (soldiers) / to store up 屯田固守
344 2 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 陳友諒既滅
345 2 江東 jiāngdōng Jiangdong 鼎足江東
346 2 an item 列一綱三目
347 2 zàn to praise 皆兩人協贊
348 2 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 咸稱旨
349 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 而反欲招我降元
350 2 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 授禮部侍郎
351 2 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若已厭元德
352 2 劉基 Liú Jī Liu Ji 儒臣惟劉基與煜侍
353 2 zhì to place / to lay out 更置官吏
354 2 tiger 句容虎為害
355 2 三代 Sān Dài three dynasties 以復三代之舊
356 2 形勢 xíngshì circumstances / situation 與先主論三分形勢者是也
357 2 zhì sign / mark / flag 太祖志圖中原
358 2 cǎo grass / straw / herbs 命草
359 2 塗炭 tútàn extreme distress / in utter misery 生民塗炭
360 2 yǒu friend / companion 太祖征陳友諒
361 2 yān where / how 子孫因家焉
362 2 zuì most / extremely / exceedingly 二人皆於太祖最故
363 2 easy / simple 部將私販易吳境
364 2 bèi a comet 河北有孛羅帖木兒
365 2 to record 仕至周府紀善
366 2 qiān to move / to shift 遷起居注
367 2 solitary 杭城勢孤
368 2 to wait for / to wait until / as soon as 請俟異日
369 2 zhòng many / numerous 御眾無紀律
370 2 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 積功擢親軍指揮僉事
371 2 according to 竊據一方
372 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 廷臣或有過被譴責
373 2 entirely / without exception 後俱以不良死
374 2 江州 jiāngzhōu Jiuzhou 今義師已克江州
375 2 gèng more / even more 更置官吏
376 2 如是 rúshì thus / so 其反覆狡獪如是
377 2 to inspect / to check 如復稽遲
378 2 xióng manly 滕州段士雄反
379 2 xiù refined / elegant / graceful
380 2 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 太祖出郊握手送之
381 2 重鎮 zhòng zhèn a strategic town 張氏重鎮在紹興
382 2 句容 jùróng Jurong 句容虎為害
383 2 帖木兒 Tièmù'ér Timur / Tamerlane 河北有孛羅帖木兒
384 2 hóu marquis / lord 侯元善
385 2 a lake
386 2 ancestor / forefather 子祖
387 2 福建 Fújiàn Fujian 福建本浙江一道
388 2 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 然後進攻平江
389 2 思齊 sīqí ambitious 關中有李思齊
390 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 卒以勝之
391 2 大事 dàshì a major event 何以成大事
392 2 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 所以數攻而不克者
393 2 responsibility / duty 責其歸順
394 2 Soviet Union 所攻在蘇
395 2 zhōng loyalty / devotion 甥李文忠奉金綺造其廬聘焉
396 2 李善長 lǐ shànzhǎng Li Shanchang 以李善長及思顏為參議
397 2 to store 積功擢親軍指揮僉事
398 2 to defend / to resist 親御便殿諭遣之
399 2 nán south 南並張九四
400 2 hài to injure / to harm to 句容虎為害
401 2 jīn gold 還賜金帛
402 2 學士 xuéshì bachelor degree 擢翰林直學士兼太常卿
403 2 you / thou 汝當詢訪
404 2 所為 suǒwèi what one does / doings 而察罕欲效操所為
405 2 部將 bùjiāng commander / chieftain 部將私販易吳境
406 2 kuì food 仍於兩淮間饋運可通之處
407 2 kǎi joyful / kind / harmonious 而庭堅與王愷守浙東
408 2 御史台 yùshǐtái a censor 即元御史台為府
409 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 致書明公
410 2 wēn warm / lukewarm 撫溫
411 2 a statute / a law / a regulation 會修律令
412 2 江西 Jiāngxī Jiangxi 汪廣洋於江西
413 2 江左 jiāngzuǒ Jiangzuo 江左兵勢日盛
414 2 lùn to comment / to discuss 與先主論三分形勢者是也
415 2 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 太祖自迎之於龍江
416 2 金華 jīnhuà Jinhua 改為金華府
417 2 Xu 徐達之攻鎮江也
418 2 embroidered official or sacrificial robe 子黼
419 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 字良仲
420 2 yóu especially / particularly 尤精天文
421 2 huǎn slow / sluggish / gradual 事宜速不宜緩
422 2 奉命 fèngmìng to receive orders / to follow orders / to act under orders 奉命至浙江廉察民隱
423 2 to cry / to weep / to wail 親臨哭之
424 2 禮樂 lǐlè rites and music 復先王禮樂為首務
425 2 tái unit 官江南行台侍御史
426 2 yuè pleased 大悅
427 2 jiān measure word for rooms, houses, luggage, etc 間有異同
428 2 to be fond of / to like 太祖喜
429 2 to sympathize / to give relief / to compensate 厚恤其家
430 2 太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy 除太常少卿
431 2 關中 Guānzhōng Guangzhong 關中有李思齊
432 2 qiān one thousand 官廩有谷數千石
433 2 文字 wénzì character / script / writing / written language / writing style / phraseology 與陶安等更番掌行機宜文字
434 2 qiè to steal / to usurp / to encroach on / to endanger 竊以元運將終
435 2 reason / logic / truth 命權理中書省事
436 2 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 審人事
437 2 河北 héběi Hebei 河北有孛羅帖木兒
438 2 wěi to delegate / to commission 謂江東委之納款
439 2 hurried / worried 莫急上流
440 2 shī to lose 朕失一臂
441 2 què a watchtower 嘗師余闕
442 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 生民塗炭
443 2 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 字允中
444 2 xiè to thank 謝去
445 2 糧道 liángdào route for providing foodstuff 以彼糧道在三江斗門也
446 2 次第 cìdì one after another 規模次第
447 2 巢穴 cháoxué a lair / a nest / a den 而以平江為巢穴
448 2 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 執夢庚降於吳
449 2 tōng to go through / to open 北跨通
450 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 即命殺虎
451 2 滁州 chúzhōu Chuzhou 克滁州
452 2 先生 xiānsheng Mr. / sir / mister / teacher / title of respect / gentleman 學者稱為靜誠先生
453 2 參軍 cānjūn to join the army 以思顏兼參軍事
454 2 定遠 dìngyuǎn Dingyuan 定遠人
455 2 secret / hidden / confidential 遂留參密議
456 2 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 明年召對華蓋殿
457 2 yóu also / as if / still 猶反掌也
458 2 員外 yuánwài landlord 遷中書省員外郎
459 2 豪傑 háojié hero / towering figure 豪傑互爭
460 2 a man / a male adult 夫金陵
461 2 福州 Fúzhōu Fuzhou 福州必不支
462 2 to adhere / to capture / to restrain 拘集舟艦
463 2 反覆 fǎnfù repeatedly 其反覆狡獪如是
464 2 shí a rock / a stone 於城外矢石不到之地別築長圍
465 2 jué absolutely 宜北絕李察罕
466 2 建康 Jiànkāng Jiankang 徙居建康
467 2 cāo to conduct / to run / to manage 而察罕欲效操所為
468 2 self 太祖嘉其能達己意
469 2 to begin 高祖義甫
470 2 lái to come 從龍與妻陳偕來
471 2 xiāng to run friskily (of a horse) / to raise / to hold high 子驤
472 2 quán authority / power 字子權
473 2 shōu to receive / to accept 收其稅糧以贍軍中
474 2 shī poem / verse 老范詩質朴
475 2 之後 zhīhòu after / following / later 宣諭之後
476 2 進取 jìnqǔ to forge ahead / to go forward / to be enterprising 然後進取兩廣
477 2 Tu 得一城而使人肝腦塗地
478 2 金陵 Jīnlíng Jinling / Nanjing 遣使至金陵招太祖
479 2 chǔ to save / to deposit / to store 元杲以郎中擢理軍儲於金華
480 2 to pat / to console / to comfort 撫溫
481 2 帝王 dìwáng an emperor / a regent / a monarch 古稱龍蟠虎踞帝王之都
482 2 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 命有司營葬
483 2 父子 fù zǐ father and son 父子皆以鄉校顯
484 2 to aid / to assist / to help 張良弼
485 2 軍政 jūnzhèng army and government 皆不知修法度以明軍政
486 2 shì to show / to reveal 以示榮寵
487 2 shào to continue / to carry on
488 2 zhāo illustrious 樊景昭者
489 2 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 命景祥相度
490 2 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知何許人
491 2 大計 dàjì a large scale program of lasting importance / a project of paramount importance / a government policy 言天下大計
492 2 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 元末為富陽教諭
493 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 老范詩質朴
494 2 翰林學士 hànlín xuéshì members of the Hanlin Imperial Academy 宋翰林學士
495 2 shè to set up / to establish 設翰林院
496 2 出入 chūrù to go out and come in 衛士十人護出入
497 2 extra / surplus / remainder 余郡解體
498 2 machine 存亡之機
499 2 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 遣使至金陵招太祖
500 2 pān water in which rice has been rinsed 潘庭堅

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
参知政事 參知政事 cānzhī zhèngshì Assistant Administrator
曹操 Cáo Cāo Cao Cao
长江 長江 Chángjiāng Yangtze River
chén
  1. Chen
  2. Chen of the Southern dynasties
  3. narrate / tell / old / stale / to state / to display / to explain / to arrange / to exhibit
Chú Chu River
滁州 chúzhōu Chuzhou
大学士 大學士 Dàxué Shì an ancient title for college professor
定西 Dìngxī Dingxi
定远 定遠 dìngyuǎn Dingyuan
dǒng
  1. Dong
  2. to supervise / to direct
督军 督軍 dūjūn Du Jun
凤阳 鳳陽 fèngyáng Fengyang
福建 Fújiàn Fujian
富阳 富陽 Fùyáng Fuyang
福州 Fúzhōu Fuzhou
高帝 gāodì Emperor Gao of Southern Qi
高祖 gāozǔ
  1. Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
  2. great great grandfather
  3. Gaozu
gēng 7th heavenly stem
广陵 廣陵 Guǎnglíng Guangling
关中 關中 Guānzhōng Guangzhong
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
Hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
汉书 漢書 Hàn Shū Book of Han / History of the Former Han Dynasty / Han Shu
杭州 Hángzhōu Hangzhou
翰林 hànlín Hanlin
翰林院 Hànlín Yuàn Imperial Hanlin Academy
汉文 漢文 Hànwén written Chinese language
韩信 韓信 Hánxìn Han Xin
豪杰 豪傑 háojié hero / towering figure
河南道 Hénán Dào Hennan Circuit
洪武 Hóng Wǔ Hong Wu / Emperor Taizu of Ming
弘道 hóngdào Hongdao
huái Huai River
jiāng
  1. a large river
  2. Yangtze River
  3. Jiang
  4. Jiangsu
  5. Jiang
江北 jiāngběi
  1. Jiangbei
  2. Jiangbei airport
  3. Jiangbei
江东 江東 jiāngdōng Jiangdong
江海 jiānghǎi Jianghai
江南 Jiāngnán
  1. Region South of the Yangtze River
  2. Jiangnan
  3. Jiangnan
江宁 江寧 Jiāngníng Jiangning
江西 Jiāngxī Jiangxi
江西行省 Jiāngxī xíngshěng Jiangxi province
江州 jiāngzhōu Jiuzhou
江左 jiāngzuǒ Jiangzuo
建康 Jiànkāng Jiankang
jiāo
  1. suburbs / outskirts
  2. Jiao
  3. Jiao
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
锦衣卫 錦衣衛 Jǐn Yī Wèi
  1. Imperial Guards in the Ming Dynasty
  2. Fourteen Blades
金华 金華 jīnhuà Jinhua
金陵 Jīnlíng
  1. Jinling / Nanjing
  2. Jinling / Nanjing
句容 jùróng Jurong
孔明 kǒngmíng Kongming / Zhuge Liang
李善长 李善長 lǐ shànzhǎng Li Shanchang
两浙 兩浙 liǎngzhè Liangzhe
礼部 禮部 lǐbù Ministry of (Confucian) Rites
礼部尚书 禮部尚書 lǐbùshàngshū Director of Board of Rites
刘基 劉基 Liú Jī Liu Ji
溧阳 溧陽 Lìyáng Liyang
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
洛阳 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang
鲁肃 魯肅 lǔsù Lu Su / Lu Zijing
Mǐn
  1. Fujian
  2. Min dialect
  3. Min River
  4. Min tribe
南昌 Nánchāng Nanchang
宁越 寧越 Níng Yuè Yeongwol
宁海 寧海 nínghǎi Ninghai
pān
  1. water in which rice has been rinsed
  2. Pan River
  3. Pan
平江 píngjiāng
  1. Pingjiang
  2. Pingjiang
鄱阳 鄱陽 Póyáng Poyang
起居注 qǐjūzhù qijuzhu / court journals
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
全椒 quánjiāo Quanjiao
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
ruǎn
  1. Ruan
  2. Nguyen
  3. an ancient musical instrument
儒者 rúzhě Confucian
上帝 Shàngdì
  1. God
  2. Lord on High
绍兴 紹興 shàoxīng Shaoxing
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
数经 數經 Shù Jīng Shu Jing / Gaṇakamoggallāānasutta / The Discourse to Ganaka-Moggallana
舒城 shūchéng Shucheng
四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
宋濂 Sòng Lián Song Lian
孙权 孫權 Sūn Quán Sun Quan
太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy
Téng
  1. Teng
  2. Teng
天命 tiānmìng tianming / Mandate of Heaven
帖木儿 帖木兒 Tièmù'ér Timur / Tamerlane
温州 溫州 Wēnzhōu Wenzhou
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
  6. to speak loudly
婺州 Wùzhōu Wuzhou
西域 Xī Yù Western Regions
项羽 項羽 Xiàng Yǔ Xiang Yu / Xiangyu the Conqueror
孝文 Xiàowén Emperor Xiaowen of Wei
西华 西華 Xīhuà Xihua
行中书省 行中書省 xíng zhōngshūshěng Branch Secretariat
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
一乘 yī shèng ekayāna / one vehicle
以太 yǐtài Ether-
永乐 永樂 Yǒng Lè Emperor Yong Le
云南 雲南 yúnnán Yunnan
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
浙东 浙東 Zhè Dōng Eastern Zhejiang
浙江 Zhèjiāng
  1. Zhejiang
  2. Zhe River / Qiantang River
镇江 鎮江 zhènjiāng Zhenjiang
中行 zhōng háng Bank of China
中原 zhōng yuán the Central Plains of China
钟山 鐘山 zhōngshān
  1. Zhongshan
  2. Zhongshan
中书省 中書省 Zhōngshūs hěng Central Secretariat
zhòu
  1. daytime
  2. Zhou
  3. Zhou
周世宗 Zhōu Shìzōng Emperor Shizong
诸葛 諸葛 zhūgě Zhuge

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English