Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

Glossary and Vocabulary for Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》

Contents

  1. Proper Nouns
  2. Glossary

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
自恣 zì zì day of repentance
爱民 愛民 àimín Aimin
安居 ānjū
  1. to settle down / to live peacefully
  2. Varsa / Varsā / Vassa / Rains Retreat / Summer Retreat
  3. Anju
安利 ānlì Amway
安仁 ānrén Anren
ào
  1. Olympic
  2. Austria
  3. mysterious / obscure / profound
褒姒 bāosì Baosi
八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month
bèi Bei
北辰 Běi Chén Polaris / North Star
北方 Běi Fāng The North
北海 Běi Hǎi Bohai Sea
北极 北極 běijí north pole
北京 Běijīng Beijing
Bīn Bin
Bīn Bin county
bǐng third heavenly stem / third in order
Bo
Cài Cai
沧浪 滄浪 cānglàng Canglang
昌邑 Chāngyì Changyi
chén
  1. Chen
  2. Chen of the Southern dynasties
  3. narrate / tell / old / stale / to state / to display / to explain / to arrange / to exhibit
陈文 陳文 chén wén Chen Wen
程颢 程顥 Chéng Hào Cheng Hao
成汤 成湯 Chéng Tāng Emperor Cheng Tang
成王 Chéng Wáng King Cheng of Zhou
城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong
臣子 chénzǐ official in feudal court / subject
崇礼 崇禮 chónglǐ Chongli
崇仁 chóngrén Chongren
崇信 chóngxìn Chongxin
楚辞 楚辭 Chǔ Cí Chuci / Songs of Chu / Verses of Chu
楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu
楚昭王 Chǔ zhāo Wáng King Zhao of Chu
楚庄王 楚莊王 Chǔ Zhuāng Gōng Duke Zhuang of Chu
春夏秋冬 Chūn Xià Qiū Dōng the four seasons
春秋 chūnqiū
  1. Spring and Autumn Period
  2. a person's age
  3. Chunqiu / Annals of Spring and Autumn
淳于髡 Chúnyú Kūn Chunyu Kun
大经 大經 Dà Jīng The Mahāpirvāṇa Sūtra / The Nirvāṇa Sūtra
大梁 Dà Liáng City of Da Liang
大贤 大賢 Dà Xián Daxian
大东 大東 dàdōng Dadong
大和 Dàhé
  1. Yamato
  2. Dahe
大田 Dài Tián Daejeon
大甲 dàjiǎ Tachia
大匠 dàjiàng master craftsman / Han dynasty official title
道盛 Dào Shèng Shi Daosheng / Dao Sheng
道学 道學 Dào Xué Dao Xue / Li Xue / School of Principle / Neo-Confucianism / Neo-Confucian Rationalistic School / Learning of the Way
道立 Dàolì Daoli
道外 dàowài Daowai
道一 dàoyī Daoyi / Mazu Daoyi
大学章句 大學章句 Dàxué Zhāng Jù Commentary on Great Learning
大雅 Dàyǎ Daya / Greater Odes
大邑 dàyì Dayi
大禹 Dàyǔ Yu the Great
德慧 dé huì Guṇamati
德川 déchuān Tokugawa
德语 德語 Déyǔ German (language)
典籍 diǎnjí canonical text
帝力 dìlì Dili
Dǒng
  1. Dong
  2. to supervise / to direct
东海 東海 Dōng Hǎi
  1. East China Sea
  2. Donghae
冬至 Dōng Zhì Winter Solstice, 22nd solar term
东周 東周 Dōng Zhōu Eastern Zhou
东方 東方 dōngfāng The East / The Orient
东山 東山 dōngshān Dongshan
东夷 東夷 dōngyí Eastern Barbarians
端木 duānmù Duanmu
敦化 dūnhuà Dunhua
二水 èrshuǐ Erhshui
尔雅 爾雅 Ěryǎ Erya / Er Ya / Ready Guide
二月 èryuè February / the Second Month
法家 Fǎ Jiā Legalist school of philosophy / Legalism
法立 Fǎ Lì Fa Li
樊迟 樊遲 fán chí Fan Chi / Fan Xu
方正 fāngzhèng
  1. clear and square / neat / square
  2. Founder
  3. Fangzheng
法言 Fǎyán Fayan / Exemplary Words
féng Feng
奉天 fèngtiān Fengtian
复礼 復禮 Fù Lǐ Fu Li
伏羲 Fú Xī Emperor Fu Xi
傅说 傅說 Fùshuō Fu Shuo
福州 Fúzhōu Fuzhou
告子 Gào Zǐ Gao Zi
高唐 gāotáng Gaotang
高宗 Gāozōng
  1. Emperor Gaozong of Song
  2. Emperor Gaozong of Tang
Ge
gēng seventh heavenly stem / seventh in order
公羊传 公羊傳 Gōng Yáng Zhuàn Gongyang's Commentary on Spring and Autumn Period
公事 gōngshì public affairs / official (matters, duties etc)
公孙 公孫 Gōngsūn Gongsun
公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific)
管仲 Guǎn Zhòng Guanzi / Guan Zhong
guǐ tenth heavenly stem / tenth in order
贵德 貴德 guìdé Guide
gǔn
  1. a giant fish
  2. the father of the emperor Yu
guó Guo
国大 國大 guódà National Assembly of the Republic of China
国风 國風 Guófēng Guofeng / Tunes from the States
谷神 穀神 gǔshén Harvest God
古县 古縣 gǔxiàn Gu county
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
Hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
汉高祖 漢高祖 Hàn Gāo Zǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
汉书 漢書 Hàn Shū Han Shu / History of the Former Han Dynasty
韩子 韓子 Hán Zǐ Han Zi
汉水 漢水 hànshuǐ Han River
汉中 漢中 hànzhōng Hongzhong
豪杰 豪傑 háojié hero / towering figure
河东 河東 hédōng Hedong
河南 Hénán Henan
河内 河內 Hénèi Hanoi
河西 Héxī Hexi
弘道 hóngdào Hongdao
后汉 後漢 Hòu Hàn
  1. Later Han
  2. Later Han
后汉书 後漢書 Hòu Hàn Shū Book of the Later Han
后篇 後篇 Hòupiān Parivāra
Huái Huai River
怀仁 懷仁 huáirén Huairen
黄帝 黃帝 Huáng Dì The Yellow Emperor
黄泉 黃泉 huángquán Yellow Springs
惠王 Huì Wáng
  1. King Hui of Zhou
  2. King Hui of Zhou
Ji
  1. Hebei
  2. to hope
  3. Jizhou
Ji
家语 家語 Jiā Yǔ Book of Sayings of Confucius and his disciples
jiāng
  1. a large river
  2. Yangtze River
  3. Jiang
Jiǎng Jiang
江南 Jiāng Nán Region South of the Yangtze River
江汉 江漢 jiānghàn Jianghan
建中 jiànzhōng Jianzhong
嘉善 jiāshàn Jiashan
Jié Emperor Jie
季路 jìlù Ji Lu
寂灭 寂滅 jìmiè Nirvāṇa / Nibbāna / Nirvana
jìn
  1. Shanxi
  2. Jin Dynasty
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
晋国 晉國 Jìn Guó state of Jin
晋平公 晉平公 Jìn Píng Gōng Duke Ping of Jin
晋书 晉書 Jìn Shū History of the Jin Dynasty
晋文公 晉文公 Jìn Wén Gōng Duke Wen of Jin
jīng
  1. thorns / brambles
  2. the state of Chu / Jing
  3. Jingzhou / Ching-chou
jīng
  1. Beijing
  2. Jing
  3. capital city
敬王 Jìng Wáng King Jing of Zhou
经合 經合 jīnghé Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
井上 jǐngshàng Inoue
进贤 進賢 jìnxián Jinxian
九州 Jiǔ Zhōu Nine Provinces
九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month
冀州 Jìzhōu Jizhou
箕子 jīzǐ Jizi
爵位 juéwèi order of feudal nobility
居简 居簡 Jūjiǎn Jujian / Beijian Jujian
考工记 考工記 Kǎo Gōng Jì The Records of Examination of Craftsman / The Book of Diverse Crafts
Ke
孔丛子 孔叢子 Kǒng Cóng Zǐ Kong family Master's Anthology
孔甲 Kǒng Jiǎ Kong Jia
孔门 孔門 Kǒng Mén Confucius' school
孔丘 Kǒng Qiū Confucius
空也 kōngyě Kūya
孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius
孔子家语 孔子家語 Kǒngzi Jiāyǔ Kongzi Jiayu / Book of Sayings of Confucius and his Disciples
Kuì Kui
kūn one of the Eight Trigrams, representing earth / female principle
乐山 樂山 lèshān Leshan
  1. black
  2. Li
  3. Lebanon
  4. Li People
  5. numerous / many
礼记 禮記 Lǐ Jì The Book of Rites / Classic of Rites
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
梁惠王 Liáng Huì Wáng King Hui of Liang
梁山 Liáng Shān
  1. Yangsan
  2. Liangshan
梁武帝 liáng wǔ dì Emperor Wu of Liang
烈山 lièshān Lieshan
列子 Lièzǐ Liezi
李悝 lǐkuī Li Kui
灵丘 靈丘 Língqiū Lingqiu
历山 歷山 Lìshān Mount Li
liú Liu
六艺 六藝 Liù yì the Six Arts
六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month
Lóu Lou
Lu River
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. crass
  4. the State of Lu
Luán Luan
鲁国 魯國 Lǔguó Luguo
鲁君 魯君 Lǔjūn the lord of Lu
论事 論事 Lùn Shì Kathavatthu
论语 論語 Lúnyǔ The Analects of Confucius
论语集注 論語集注 Lúnyǔ Jí Zhù Collected Notes on the Analects of Confucius
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
鲁史 魯史 lǔshǐ History of Kingdom Lu
茂林 màolín Maolin
mèng
  1. Meng
  2. first month
  3. eldest brother
孟轲 孟軻 Mèng Kē Mencius
孟子 Mèng Zǐ Mencius / Mengzi
Mi River
miáo
  1. sprout / seedling
  2. Miao
  3. Miao
明辩 明辯 Míng Biàn Bhavyaviveka / Bhavya
明帝 Míngdì Emperor Ming of Han
明仁 míngrén Akihito
墨翟 Mò Dí Mo Zi / Mo Di
墨子 Mò Zǐ Mo Zi
南宫 南宮 nángōng Nangong
南山 nánshān Nanshan / Daoxuan
南阳 南陽 Nányáng Nanyang
南召 nánzhào Nanzhao
能夺 能奪 néngduó Māra
Ni
农家 農家 Nóng Jiā Agricultural School of Thought / Agriculturalists
后魏 後魏 òu Wèi Northern Wei Dynasty / Wei of the Northern Dynasties
欧阳 歐陽 Ōuyáng Ouyang
pān
  1. water in which rice has been rinsed
  2. Pan River
  3. Pan
盘庚 盤庚 Pán Gēng Pan Geng
Páng Pang
péng
  1. Peng
  2. Peng
平王 Píng Wáng King Ping of Zhou
平陆 平陸 pínglù Pinglu
  1. common / general / popular / everywhere / universal / extensive
  2. Prussia
  3. Pu
  1. Qi
  2. Qi River
齐国 齊國 Qí guó state of Qi
齐桓公 齊桓公 Qí Huán Gōng Duke Huan of Qi
齐王 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang
齐宣王 齊宣王 Qí Xuānwáng King Xuan of Qi
qián Guizhou
强生 強生 qiángshēng Johnson
巧人 qiǎorén Homo habilis
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
岐山 Qíshān Mount Qi
七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month
rén ninth heavenly stem / ninth in order
人大 Rén Dà
  1. National Peoples Congress (in China) / Great Hall of the People
  2. Renmin University of China
人乘 Rén Shèng The Human Vehicle
人臣 rénchén an official (in former times)
仁贤 仁賢 rénxián Bhadrika / Bhaddiya
忍性 rěnxìng Ninshō
Ruǎn
  1. Ruan
  2. Nguyen
儒者 rúzhě Confucian
三公 Sān Gōng Three Ducal Ministers
三晋 三晉 Sān Jìn the Three Jin States
商鞅 Shāng Yāng Shang Yang
上帝 Shàngdì
  1. God
  2. Lord on High
商汤 商湯 shāngtāng Shang Tang
善观 善觀 Shànguān Sudrsa / Sudassa
Shào Shao
召公 Shào Gōng Duke Shao
少康 shǎoKāng Shao Kang
沈括 瀋括 Shěn Kuò Shen Kuo / Shen Gua
神农 神農 Shén Nóng Emperor Shen Nong
神清 Shén Qīng Shen Qing
慎子 Shèn Zǐ Shen Zi
声闻 聲聞 shēngwén Sravaka Realm / Sravaka / Śrāvaka / a distinguished disciple of the Buddha
神会 神會 shénhuì Shenhui
士大夫 Shì Dàifu Scholar-official / Scholar-gentlemen / Scholar-bureaucrats / Scholar-gentry
师旷 師曠 Shī Kuàng Shi Kuang
世亲 世親 Shì Qīn Vasubandhu
十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month
史记 史記 Shǐjì Records of the Historian
石门 石門 shímén Shimen / Shihmen
师说 師說 Shīshuō Shishuo
始兴 始興 shǐxīng Shixing
十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month
十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month
受者 shòu zhě The Recipient
束草 Shù Cǎo Sokcho
Shùn Emperor Shun
顺德 順德 shùndé Shunde
说文 說文 Shuō Wén Shuo Wen Jie Zi
数人 數人 shǔrén Sarvāstivāda
Si River
四书章句集注 四書章句集注 Sì Shū Zhāng Jù Jí Zhù Commentaries on the Four Books
四分 sìfēn four divisions of cognition
四国 四國 sìguó Shikoku
司空 Sīkōng Sikong
思明 sīmíng Siming
四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month
sòng
  1. Song Dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
  4. Song Renqiong
宋朝 Sòng Cháo Song Dynasty
嵩山 Sōng Shān Mount Song
  1. Soviet Union
  2. Su
  3. to revive
  4. Suzhou
  5. Jiangsu
  6. a species of thyme
Suí Sui Dynasty
孙膑 孫臏 Sūn Bìn Sun Bin / Sun Boling
孙叔敖 孫叔敖 Sūn Shū áo Sun Shu ao
孙武 孫武 Sūn Wǔ Sunzi / Sun Tzu / Sun Wu
Ta river
泰山 Tài Shān Mount Tai
太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe
太公望 tàigōngwàng Jiang Ziya
太康 Tàikāng
  1. Taikang
  2. Taikang reign
太师 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor
太虚 太虛 Tàixū Taixu
太宗 Tàizōng
  1. Emperor Taizong of Song
  2. Tai Zong
太祖 Tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor
唐太宗 Táng Tàizōng Emperor Taizong of Tang
Téng
  1. Teng
  2. Teng
滕文公 Téng Wén Gōng Duke Wen of Teng
天道 Tiān Dào Heavenly Realm / Deva Realm
天命 tiānmìng tianming / Mandate of Heaven
田中 tiánzhōng
  1. Tienchung
  2. Tanaka
通鑑 通鑑 tōng jiàn Comprehensive Mirror in Aid of Governance
桐梓 tóngzǐ Taongzi
土神 tǔshén Earth God
王臣 wáng chén Wang Chen
王度 Wáng Dù Wang Du
王肃 王肅 Wáng Sù Wang Su
王勃 wángbó Wang Bo
王因 Wángyīn Wangyin
wěi Wei
Wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
惟谨 惟謹 wéi jǐn Wei Jin
魏征 魏徵 Wèi Zhēng Wei Zheng
魏国 魏國 Wèiguó
  1. Wei State
  2. Wei State / Cao Wei
Wèn Wen River
文王 Wén Wáng King Wen of Zhou
文子 Wén Zǐ Wen Zi
汶上 Wènshàng Wenshang
fifth heavenly stem / fifth in order
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
无德 無德 Wú Dé Shan Zhao / Fenyang Wude
武帝 Wǔ Dì Emperor Wu of Han
武丁 Wǔ Dīng Wu Ding
五经 五經 Wǔ Jīng Five Classics
吴起 吳起 Wú Qǐ Wu Qi
武王 Wǔ Wáng Wu Wang / King Wu of Zhou
武乙 Wǔ Yǐ Wu Yi
武安 wǔān Wu'an
武城 wǔchéng Wucheng
武侯 wǔhóu Wuhou
无贪 無貪 wútān non-attachment / alobha
五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month
Xi
西京 Xī Jīng Xi Jing
襄王 Xiāng Wáng King Xiang of Zhou
项羽 項羽 Xiàng Yǔ Xiang Yu / Xiangyu the Conqueror
小贤 小賢 xiǎoxián Bhadrika / Bhaddiya
小雅 Xiǎoyǎ Xiaoya / Smaller Odes
夏禹 xiàYǔ Yu the Great
西方 Xīfāng the West
西华 西華 Xīhuà Xihua
新安 xīnān Xin'an
Xíng Xing
兴仁 興仁 xīngrén Xingren
新民 xīnmín Xinmin
修文 xiūwén Xiuwen
西子 xīzǐ Xishi
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xuzhou
Xu
宣王 Xuān Wáng King Xuan of Zhou
许昌 許昌 xǔchāng Xuchang
Xún Xun
荀卿 Xún Qīng Xun Qing
荀子 Xún Zǐ Xun Zi / Hsun Tzu
獯鬻 Xūnyù Hunzhou people / Xunyu people
Yān
  1. Yan
  2. State of Yan
  3. swallow
炎帝 Yán Dì Yan Di / Yan Emperor
颜回 顏回 Yán Huí Yan Hui
晏婴 晏嬰 Yàn Yīng Yan Ying
晏子 Yàn Zǐ Yan Zi
扬雄 揚雄 Yáng Xióng Yang Xiong
杨朱 楊朱 Yáng Zhū Yang Zhu
阳城 陽城 yángchéng Yangcheng
阳山 陽山 yángshān Yangshan
颜渊 顏淵 yányuān Yan Yuan
yáo Emperor Yao
叶县 葉縣 yèxiàn Ye county
  1. abbreviation for Iraq or Iran
  2. Yi
  3. he / she
  4. Yi River
Yi
羿 Yi
遗经 遺經 yí jīng Sutra of Bequeathed Teachings
仪礼 儀禮 Yí Lǐ Yili / Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial
一乘 yī shèng ekayāna / one vehicle
义存 義存 yìcún
  1. Yicun
  2. Yicun
yīng
  1. England
  2. Ying
  3. brave
Yǐng Ying
有诚 有誠 Yǒu Chéng Yu Seong
犹太 猶太 Yóutài Jew / Jewish / Judea
幽州 Yōuzhōu Youzhou / Fanyang
  1. Henan
  2. Yuzhou
  1. Emperor Yu
  2. Yu
禹贡 禹貢 Yǔ Gòng Yu Gong / Tribute of Yu
yuè
  1. Yue
  2. a mountain peak / a high mountain / a summit
yuè
  1. Yue
  2. a mountain peak / a high mountain / a summit
乐经 樂經 Yuè Jīng the Book of Music
豫州 Yùzhōu Yuzhou
宰予 zǎiyǔ Zai Yu
曾参 曾參 Zēng Shēn Zeng Shen
战国 戰國 Zhàn Guó Warring States Period
战国策 戰國策 Zhàn Guó Cè Stratagems of the Warring States
湛然 Zhàn Rán Zhanran / Chan-Jan
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
赵简子 趙簡子 Zhào Jiǎnzǐ Zhao Jianzi
昭王 Zhāo Wáng King Zhao of Zhou
赵鞅 趙鞅 Zhào Yǎng Zhao Yang
召陵 zhàolíng Shaoling
昭阳 昭陽 zhāoyáng Zhaoyang
Zhēn Zhen River
zhèng
  1. Zheng
  2. Zheng
郑国 鄭國 Zhèngguó Zhengguo
正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year
直道 Zhí Dào Straight Road / Jiuyuan to Yunyang Road
知礼 知禮 Zhī Lǐ Zhi Li
至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign
至德 Zhìdé Zhide reign
至治 Zhìzhì Zhizhi reign
中古 Zhōng gǔ
  1. medieval / Middle Ages / Chinese middle antiquity
  2. used / second-hand
中行 zhōng háng Bank of China
中庸 Zhōng Yōng Doctrine of the Mean
中庸章句 Zhōng Yōng Zhāng Jù Commentary on the Doctrine of the Mean
忠臣 zhōngchén faithful official
中都 Zhōngdū Zhongdu / Dadu / Khanbaliq / Beijing
中国 中國 Zhōngguó
  1. China
  2. Middle Kingdom
中和 zhōnghé Zhonghe
中华书局 中華書局 Zhōnghuá shūjú Zhonghua Book Company
中牟 Zhōngmóu Zhongmou
中天 zhōngtiān Central North India
zhòu Emperor Zhou
zhòu
  1. daytime
  2. Zhou
  3. Zhou
周公 Zhōu Gōng Duke Zhou
周公旦 Zhōu Gōng Dàn Duke of Zhou
周官 Zhōu Guān Zhou Li / Zhou Guan / Rites of Zhou
周礼 周禮 Zhōu Lǐ Zhou Li / Rites of Zhou
周书 周書 Zhōu Shū History of Zhou of the Northern Dynasties
周日 週日 Zhōurì Sunday
周文 Zhōuwén Zhou Script / Great Seal Script
周武王 Zhōuwǔwáng King Wu of Zhou
周易 Zhōuyì The Book of Changes / Yijing / I Ching
周一 週一 Zhōuyī Monday
周幽王 Zhōuyōuwáng King You of Zhou
Zhū
  1. Zhu
  2. Zhu
道生 Zhú Dàoshēng Zhu Daosheng / Daosheng
朱熹 Zhū Xī Zhu Zi / Zhu Xi / Chu Hsi
庄周 莊周 Zhuāng Zhōu Zhuang Zi / Zhuang Zhou
庄子 莊子 Zhuāng Zǐ Zhuang Zi
子贡 子貢 Zǐ Gòng Zi Gong
子思 Zǐ Sī Zi Si
子产 子產 zǐchǎn Zi Chan
子路 zǐlù Zi Lu
字说 字說 Zǐshuō Zishuo / Character Dictionary
zōu
  1. Zou
  2. Zou
zōu
  1. Zou
  2. Zou
左丘明 Zuǒ Qiū Mīng Zuo Qiuming / Zuoqiu Ming
左传 左傳 Zuǒ Zhuàn Zuo Zhuan
作愿 作願 zuòyuàn Head Rector

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English